In 2015, the Collection of Prints and Drawings of the Kunsthaus Zürich
celebrates its 100th birthday. To mark this event, the exhibition Master Drawings, which runs from 23 January to 19 April 2015, brings together approximately 120 selected drawings from the 16th to the 21st centuries, including works by Raphael, Albrecht Dürer, Henry Fuseli, J.M.W. Turner, Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Alberto Giacometti, Cy Twombly, Erik van Lieshout, Jorinde Voigt and others.
Unlike the classic collections of prints and drawings assembled by princes and scholars or libraries, the Collection of Prints and Drawings of the Kunsthaus Zürich has its origins in a group of amateur artists and autodidacts who came together in 1787 to create the Künstlergesellschaft, or society of artists. They kept a Malerbuch, or painting book, to which each member regularly submitted drawings and watercolours.
LARGEST HOLDINGS OF DRAWINGS BY FUSELI AND HODLER
In 1915 the Director of the Kunsthaus, Wilhelm Wartmann, drew up the first Inventory of the hand drawings and prints collection. It is thanks to him that the worlds largest holdings of drawings by Henry Fuseli and Ferdinand Hodler are now in the Kunsthaus. Acquisitions were publicized in exhibitions and collection catalogues. Thanks to targeted purchases and donations, drawings by Italian, Dutch and Swiss Old Masters were also added to the collection. When the first extension to the Kunsthaus was built in 1925, users of the Prints and Drawings Collection and the library acquired a spacious reading and study room whose upper levels could also be used for exhibitions one of the best facilities of its kind at the time.
OLD MASTERS, CLASSICAL MODERNISM, CONTEMPORARY ART
With some 95,000 works on paper, the Collection of Prints and Drawings is now an institution of considerable size. The organizers of the anniversary exhibition set out to choose the best, most representative and most surprising works from among the 37,000 hand drawings. They include pieces by Raphael, Palma Vecchio, Perino del Vaga, Taddeo Zuccaro, Cavalier dArpino, Guercino, Albrecht Dürer, Hans Leu, Tobias Stimmer, Jost Ammann, Hans-Jakob Plepp, Rudolf Meyer, Jean-Baptiste Oudry, Rudolf Schellenberg, Salomon Gessner, Anton Graff, Henry Fuseli, Théodore Géricault, J.M.W. Turner, Alexandre Calame, Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh, Käthe Kollwitz, Max Ernst, Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Pablo Picasso, Hans Richter, Sophie Taeuber-Arp and Alberto Giacometti. The big names from earlier periods in art history up to the time of Classical Modernism are also represented, as are outstanding contemporary artists such as Cy Twombly, Bruce Nauman, Miriam Cahn, Aleksandra Mir, Erik van Lieshout, Jorinde Voigt and others.
AN INTERNATIONAL PRESENCE THAT SPANS NUMEROUS GENRES
Today, thanks to its innovative exhibition programme, acquisitions in the fields of drawing, prints, photography, film, video, multiples and installations, as well as cooperations and loans, the Collection of Prints and Drawings is part of an impressive network that includes the worlds most prestigious museums. Since 2005, the building in the passage between Rämistrasse and Hirschengraben has been home not just to the prints and drawings but also the curators, the conservation department and the study room for registered visitors. Photographic, video and film works, prints and collages are stored and restored here, and made ready by our scientific staff for exhibitions at the Kunsthaus and elsewhere. The museum stages regular exhibitions of current positions in contemporary art, key areas of the collection and new acquisitions.
COLOUR EXPERIMENTS, TROMPE LIL, SOCIAL CRITICISM
Bernhard von Waldkirch, conservator of the Prints and Drawings Collection, has spent a year and a half assembling the anniversary exhibition, assisted throughout by an academic advisory board. The selection he has arrived at, together with Dr. Gian Casper Bott, Dr. Christina Grummt and Dr. Paola von Wyss-Giacosa, focuses on drawing in its original sense; for all the differences in technique, medium and function, it is the art of drawing in its purest form that remains pre-eminent. Late-Baroque experiments with colour, pin-sharp trompe-lil architectures, charcoal portraits that appear almost three-dimensional, romantic landscapes and subtle social criticism the breadth of the topics is mirrored by the diversity of the techniques expertly deployed. Extending over several hundred square metres in the historic and modern sections of the Kunsthaus, the exhibition presents the drawings immediately alongside paintings and sculptures. Enthusiasts and connoisseurs alike will be impressed by the delicate papers ability to assert its presence in this environment: from the format of a pocket mirror to a vast plate measuring 2 x 6 metres that covers an entire wall. Regular public guided tours will focus on the inherent properties of the works as well as the latest research findings.