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Francesco Borromini, Italian architect, was born
Son of the stone mason Giovanni Domenico Castelli and Anastasia Garovo, Borromini began his career as a stone mason himself, and soon moved to Milan to study and practice this activity. He was also called "Bissone", by the place in which he was born (near Lugano, in the Italian speaking part of Switzerland). When in Rome (1619) he changed his name (from Castelli to Borromini) and started working for Carlo Maderno, his distant relative, at St. Peter's. When Maderno died in 1629, he joined the group under Gian Lorenzo Bernini, completing the facade and expansions of Maderno's Palazzo Barberini.
Austrian painter and etcher Martin Johann Schmidt was born near Krems
Influenced by Rembrandt's chiaroscuro, he created late-Baroque frescoes and elaborated altar pieces. The fame Schmidt acquired through such works ensured that he received numerous commissions for work in monasteries and in the parish churches attached to them. -1718
Hungarian painter Károly Markó was born in Locse, now Levoca, Slovakia
His early paintings are of Hungarian landscapes but when he moved to Rome, his main interest was in painting landscape studies and depicting the lives of the Italian peasants. A large part of Markó's artistic state was bought by the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest. -1791
Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, was born
In 1831 he exhibited his "Tiger devouring a Crocodile", and in 1832 had mastered a style of his own in the "Lion and Snake." Thenceforward Barye, though engaged in a perpetual struggle with want, exhibited year after year these studies of animals--admirable groups which reveal him as inspired by a spirit of true romance and a feeling for the beauty of the antique, as in "Theseus and the Minotaur" (1847), "Lapitha and Centaur" (1848), and numerous minor works now very highly valued. -1796
Robert Brackman, American artist, was born
He painted portraits of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Charles Lindbergh, John Foster Dulles, Miirrha Alhambra (Pauline Joutard de Evia) as well as portraits commissioned by the United States Air Force Academy and the State Department. -1898
Robert Bresson, French film director, was born
Initially a painter and photographer, Bresson made his first short film, Les affaires publiques (Public Affairs) in 1934. During World War II, he spent over a year in a prisoner-of-war camp--an experience which informs Un condamné a mort s'est echappe ou Le vent souffle ou il veut (A Man Escaped). In a career that spanned fifty years, Bresson made only 13 feature-length films. This reflects his meticulous approach to the filmmaking process and his non-commercial preoccupations. Difficulty finding funding for his projects was also a factor.
Russian-American painter and draughtsman Mark Rothko was born in Dvinsk, Russia
He was one of the major figures of Abstract Expressionism and an important influence on the development of Color Field painting. Rothko was interested in expressing basic human emotions and he always insisted in controlling the way his works were exhibited, as he believed that an insensitive installation could affect his intentions and make the paintings appear decorative. The circumstances of his death by suicide have led to Rothko's later works, mainly made-up of monumental abstract compositions, being interpreted as a reflection of his depressed state, but until the end of his life Rothko said that his work was not a form of self-expression but a means of communicating his ideas about the condition of mankind. -1903
Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
The park, the oldest of all current Major League Baseball stadiums, opened in 1912, and this season, 2007, marks Fenway's 95th birthday. Fenway hosted the Major League Baseball All-Star Game in 1946, 1961, and 1999, and has played host to nine World Series. Fenway is regarded as one of the most historic and tradition-rich stadiums in all of sports. -1911
Pedro Almodóvar, Spanish filmmaker, was born
Almodóvar is the most successful and internationally known Spanish filmmaker of his generation. His films, marked by complex narratives, employ the codes of melodrama and use elements of pop culture, popular songs, irreverent humor, strong colors and glossy décor. He never judges his character's actions, whatever they do, but he presents them as they are in all their complexity. Desire, passion, family and identity are the director's favorite themes.
Lewis Milestone, Moldovan film director, died
After the war he went to Hollywood, where he first worked as a film cutter, and later as an assistant director. Howard Hughes promoted Milestone to director, and one of his early efforts, the 1928 film Two Arabian Knights, won him an Oscar in the first Academy Award ceremony. He also directed The Racket, an early gangster film, and later helped Hughes direct scenes for his aviation saga Hell's Angels (for which he never received credit). Milestone won his second Academy Award for All Quiet on the Western Front, a harrowing screen adaptation of the antiwar novel by Erich Maria Remarque. His next, The Front Page, brought the Ben Hecht/Charles MacArthur play to the screen. It earned him another Oscar nomination. His work during the '30's and '40's was always easily identifiable by its lighting and imaginative use of fluid camera. He worked extensively in television from the mid 1950s.
The extravagant Bulgarian artist Christo upset the Parisians
He began to wrap fabric around one of the French capital's oldest bridges: the Pont Neuf. The project took two weeks to complete and was brought to fruition with the aid of approximately one hundred student volunteers. -1985
The National Gallery of Art in Washington opened an exhibit featuring Photographer Robert Frank
This important exhibition presented 150 selected photographs, providing insight into what inspired this groundbreaking artist and confirming his significant influence on the course of post-war photography. -1994
The Museum of Modern Art in New York presented a retrospective of Cy Twombly
The show featured works spanning the artist's career and many pieces were loaned from private collections in Europe, which had rarely been displayed to the public. -1994
The government of Jakarta confirmed the theft of a number of valuable Indonesian paintings
The theft was believed to involve staff members at the museum. -1996
John E. Thornes is the author of the publication "John Constable's Skies."
The book is a complete and unconventional study of the philosophical and technical approaches of John Constable, one of the greatest painters in the history of Britain. He saw painting as a "scientific as well as a poetic profession" and "an enquiry into the laws of nature", says Thornes in the preliminary section of his book. -1999
The man who attacked two Dalí works at an exhibit in Istanbul was admitted to a hospital
Muhammed Sevim, 21, punched two portraits of Italian Renaissance masters Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, breaking their frames and protective glass. The portraits appeared to be undamaged. Police stated that Sevim had been previously treated for depression. -1999
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