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Milestones

Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter, died
Evidence of Eeckhout's success in imitation is clear in his Presentation in the Temple, at Berlin, which was executed after Rembrandt's print of 1630, and his Tobit with the Angel, at Brunswick, composed on the same background as Rembrandt's Philosopher in Thought. Eeckhout does not merely copy the subjects; he also takes the shapes, the figures, the Jewish dress and the pictorial effects of his master. It is difficult to form an exact judgment of Eeckhout's qualities at the outset of his career. His earliest pieces are probably those in which he more faithfully reproduced Rembrandt's peculiarities. Exclusively his is a tinge of green in shadows marring the harmony of the work, a gaudiness of jarring tints, uniform surface and a touch more quick than subtle. -1674

English painter James Northcote was born
He was a pupil of Sir Joshua Reynolds. -1746

French painter Achille Etna Michallon was born
He worked with Dunouy, Berin, Valenciennes and David. In 1817 he was awarded the Great Prize of Historical Landscape. -1796

German painter Ludwig Johann Otto Christian Hach was born
After studying at the Académie de Dessin in Hanau and at the Institut Stadel in Francfort, he devoted himself to portraiture. -1799

Swiss painter Alfred van Muyden was born
He decorated L'Ordre de Léopold. -1818

German painter Charles Joh. Palmier was born
He studied at the Academy of Dresden. Some of his works are housed by the Leipzig Museum. -1863

Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter, was born
He was an Estonian painter and drawer. His parents were Jaan Raud and his wife Henriette Loviisa Raud. Kristian had a twin brother (Paulus; Paul Raud) who was born on October 23 and would become a painter as well. Raud was born in Kirikuküla, Viru-Jaagupi Parish and died in Tallinn. -1865

German sculptor August Gaul was born.
He created animal sculptures characterized by a cubic harmony. -1869

The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens
The Metropolitan Opera Association was founded in 1880 to create an alternative to the Academy of Music. The Academy represented the highest social circle in New York society, and the board of directors were loath to admit members of new wealthy families into their circle. The initial group of subscribers included the Morgan, Roosevelt, Astor and Vanderbilt families. Their creation, The Metropolitan Opera, long outlasted the Academy. Henry Abbey served as manager for the inaugural season 1883-84 which opened with presentation of Faust on October 22, 1883. -1883

Paul Cezanne, French painter, died
Cézanne's work demonstrates a mastery of design, colour, composition and draftsmanship. His often repetitive, sensitive and exploratory brushstrokes are highly characteristic and clearly recognisable. He used planes of colour and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields, at once both a direct expression of the sensations of the observing eye and an abstraction from observed nature. The paintings convey Cézanne's intense study of his subjects, a searching gaze and a dogged struggle to deal with the complexity of human visual perception. -1906

Robert Capa, American war photographer, was born
In the early 1950s, Capa traveled to Japan for an exhibition associated with Magnum Photos. While there, Life magazine asked him to go on assignment to Southeast Asia, where the French had been fighting for eight years in the First Indochina War. Despite the fact he had sworn not to photograph another war a few years earlier, Capa accepted and accompanied a French regiment with two other Time-Life journalists, John Mecklin and Jim Lucas. On May 25, 1954 at 2:55 p.m., the regiment was passing through a dangerous area under fire when Capa decided to leave his jeep and go up the road to photograph some of the advance. About five minutes later, Mecklin and Lucas heard a loud explosion. Capa had stepped on a landmine. When they arrived on the scene he was still alive, but his left leg had been blown to pieces and he had a serious wound in his chest. Mecklin screamed for a medic and Capa's body was taken to a small field hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival. He had died with his camera in his hand. After his death the Vietnamese Lieutenant said "Le photographe est mort." ("The photographer is dead") -1913

American painter Robert Rauschenberg was born
Following the Dada tradition and inspired by the composer John Cage, he often created free compositions -part painting, part collage and part ready-mades, as in "Rebus" (1955) and "Monogram" (1959). -1925

Le Penseur by Rodin Auctioned at Sothebys
Le Penseur by Rodin was auctioned at Sotheby's for $67,500. -1975

American Photographer and Art Dealer James Abbe died
He became an American folk art expert and dealer Abbe, who began his career in the early 1930's as an assistant to his father, the pioneering photographer James Abbe Sr., who had a studio in Paris. In 1936 he opened a studio in Manhattan and his work began appearing in publications like McCall's. -1999

The Smithsonian's American Art Museum presented "Edward Hopper: The Watercolors"
This was the first major exhibition in forty years of the watercolors of Edward Hopper. The exhibition, co-organized with the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, featured fifty-six watercolors made between 1923 and the mid-1940s, ranging from early scenes of Gloucester and Cape Cod to works painted on trips to Mexico and Charleston. The watercolors are the body of work that brought Hopper, then is his forties, his first critical and financial success. -1999

Arman, French-born artist, died
Arman was a painter who moved from using the objects as paintbrushes ("allures d'objet") to using them as the painting itself. He is best known for his "accumulations" and destruction/recomposition of objects. -2005

 


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