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Milestones

Claude Dejoux, a French sculptor, was born in Vadans, Jura
He worked as a carver and joiner in his native village before studying at the Académie de Peinture et Sculpture in Marseille, where he won second place in the sculpture competition of 1763. He executed busts of "Aesculapius" and "Hygeia". He was later awarded a commission by the Comte d'Angiviller, Directeur des Batiments du Roi, for a statue in the patriotic series of "Illustrious Frenchmen", producing the standing marble statue of "Nicolas Maréchal de Catinat". -1732

Michel Leveilly, a French architect and designer, active in Germany, died in Bonn
From 1729 to 1740 he supervised the construction of Falkenlust, a hunting-lodge near Brühl, to the designs of Francois de Cuvilliés I. His work includes, most notably, the Rathaus (1737-8) in Bonn. Leveilly is also credited with the design of St Michael's Gate (1751), Bonn, and the Arff House (1750), Worringen. -1762

Franz Sebald Unterberger, an Austrian painter, died in Cavalese
Among his earliest works are, a cycle of 24 paintings depicting the "Life of St Clare", a "Roadto Calvary" and other works for the convent of St Clare in Bressanone. The characteristics of Franz Sebald Unterberger's painting style were already formed when he painted the "Life of St Clare" and showed only minor modifications during the next four decades. His method of painting was spontaneous and flowing, particularly when depicting drapery, decorative details and occasional glimpses of landscape. -1776

John Hoppner, an English painter of German descent, died in London
Hoppner entered the Royal Academy Schools in 1775, winning the Academy's silver medal for life drawing three years later. He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1780 and two years later won the Academy's gold medal for history painting, with a scene from "King Lear". His work became simpler in composition, and the execution, particularly of smaller portraits, appears often to have been frantically energetic, as in "Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton" and "Lady Caroline Lamb". -1810

Wybrand Hendriks, a Dutch painter, draughtsman, curator and collector, died in Haarlem
In 1765 Wybrand became an active member of the Amsterdam Drawing Academy, where from 1772 to 1774 he won top prizes. He painted and drew various subjects connected with the museum, such as the famous little panel of the "Oval Room of the Teylers Foundation". In other works Hendriks showed himself a sharp observer of the political, social and cultural climate of Haarlem at the time, as in a drawing of the "Swearing In of the Patriotic Civic Guard" and the painting of a "Festival in the Grote Markt". -1831

Alfredo Melani, an Italian architect, architectural historian, designer and writer, was born in Pistoia
Regarded as a typical representative of 19th-century eclecticism, Melani was, in fact, one of the greatest exponents in the early avant-garde of the future Modernist movement in Milan, supporting the concept of artistic independence as a means of furthering the establishment of modern art. As an architect his main works include a plan (unexecuted) for the restoration of the Palazzo Municipale at Pistoia (1881). He also planned the Cappella Merli Maggi (undated) in the Cimeterio Monumentale, Milan, and the Villa Rosa (undated) at Corlanzone near Lonigo. -1860

John William Inchbold, an English painter, died in Leeds
He exhibited watercolors at the Society of British Artists in 1849 and 1850 and at the Royal Academy in 1851. His oil painting of the "Chapel, Bolton" is a meticulously rendered view of the abbey ruins in the Pre-Raphaelite manner. Visits to Venice in 1862 and the following years resulted in a series of ethereal pictures painted with the freedom of his early works and entirely lacking the highly finished technique of his Pre-Raphaelite pictures. The "Certosa, Venice, from the Public Gardens" is a good example. -1888

Endre Domanovszky, a Hungarian painter and tapestry designer, was born in Budapest
His works are often influenced in their presentation by the narrative technique of folk tales, although folklore is not an exclusive topic in his oeuvre, which also comprises such monumental commissions as the tapestry "Saint Stephen". He developed his mural-painting skills during the execution of the 4x21m "Agricultural Tableau", painted in seven parts between 1952 and 1955. -1907

Klaus Roenspiess, a German painter and printmaker, was born in Berlin
Roenspiess's pictures, even those that include no representations of people, implicitly convey his conviction about the central importance of human beings to the urban environment. While acknowledging the example set by German Expressionism in his unified and hermetic compositions, he derived his greatest sustenance from early modernist painting in France, with the early work of van Gogh and Cézanne, assuming ever greater importance for his belief in a sensual spirituality. -1935

The Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, Texas, opened an exhibit on the photographs of Joseph Sudek, the Czech modernist photographer
This exhibition showed 60 photographs, mostly from the museum's permanent collection. -1994

The exhibition titled "Braque: The Late Works" opened at the Royal Academy in London
For the first time in Britain, Braque's late works were brought together to the Academy. This show covered the last 20 years of Braque's life, when he painted the poetic series of studios, birds, interiors and billiard tables, complex meditations on the relationship between objects and the space they occupy. -1997

The photographer Frederick Sommer died. He was born in 1905
He had a great influence on twentieth century photography and he was one of the greatest photographers of the twentieth century. His independent vision was wide-reaching, manifested through his many roles as philosopher, composer, painter and photographer. For nearly 70 years, Sommer explored new approaches to photography, producing innovative work up until shortly before his death. -1999

The exhibition "Monet in the 20th Century", opened at the Royal Academy of Arts in London
This Monet exhibition was so huge that the academy considered staying open around the clock on certain days. The academy sold up to 500 full-price (£9) tickets an hour. It was the first time an advance ticketing system had been used by a British gallery. Officials expected 500,000 visitors. The academy assembled some of the artist's most glorious images, from his garden at Giverny and views of London and Venice to a series of water lily paintings that had never been seen in an exhibition together. -1999

The Dayton Art Institute opened the exhibit titled "Rodin: Sculpture from the Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Collection"
The exhibit showed a selection of 71 sculptures by the great French sculptor, Auguste Rodin. Drawn from the prestigious Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Collection, located in Los Angeles and estimated to be the world's largest private collection of Rodin sculptures, these works represent many of Rodin's most beloved sculptures, including the famous Thinker. Also included were works from his famous Gates of Hell, Burghers of Calais, Monument to Honore de Balzac and a number of portraits and group figures, including a reduction of The Age of Bronze. -2000

 


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