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Milestones

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was born
Caravaggio was considered enigmatic, fascinating, rebellious and dangerous. He burst upon the Rome art scene in 1600, and thereafter never lacked for commissions or patrons, yet handled his success atrociously. An early published notice on him, dating from 1604 and describing his lifestyle some three years previously, tells how "after a fortnight's work he will swagger about for a month or two with a sword at his side and a servant following him, from one ball-court to the next, ever ready to engage in a fight or an argument, so that it is most awkward to get along with him."[1] In 1606 he killed a young man in a brawl and fled from Rome with a price on his head. In Malta in 1608 he was involved in another brawl, and yet another in Naples in 1609, possibly a deliberate attempt on his life by unidentified enemies. By the next year, after a career of little more than a decade, he was dead. -1571

Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor, was born
Among his works from Marly are the Mercury and the equestrian Fame (1702) and "Neptune and Amphitrite, moved in 1719 to the gardens of the Tuileries; Justice and Force and the River Garonne at Versailles. In his portrait sculptures the likenesses were said to have been remarkably successful; he produced portrait busts of most of the celebrated men of his age, including Louis XIV and Louis XV at Versailles, Colbert (at Saint-Eustache), Cardinal Mazarin (in the church of the College des Quatre-Nations), the Grand Conde (in the Louvre), Maria Theresa of Austria, Turenne, Vauban, Cardinals de Bouillon and de Polignac, the duc de Chaulnes (National Gallery of Art, Washington); Fenelon, Racine, Andre Le Notre (church of St-Roch); Bossuet (in the Louvre), the comte d'Harcourt, William Egon Cardinal Fürstenberg and Charles Le Brun (in the Louvre). -1640

French Painter Sébastien Leclerc was born in Paris
He was a pupil of Bon Boullogne, in 1704 he was admitted to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture with the "Deification of Aeneas" other work of Leclerc was "Death of Sapphira". -1676

Francois Boucher, French painter, was born
A proponent of Rococo taste, known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories representing the arts or pastoral occupations, and intended as a sort of two-dimensional furniture. He also painted several portraits of his illustrious patroness, Madame de Pompadour. -1703

Giovanni Carnevali, Italian painter, was born in Montegrino
Carnevali rapidly became one of Bergamo's most sought-after portrait painters, his work being much in demand among the intellectual élite of the town, such as "Giovanni Maironi da Ponte" and "Conte Guglielmo Lochis". "The Bather" reveals yet another element in Carnevali's constantly evolving style, since it has been interpreted both as the culmination of his work in the Romantic vein and, in its treatment of the figure, as a parallel to Realism. -1804

Thomas Leverton, an English architect, died in London
Leverton exhibited 34 designs for villas, country houses, town houses business premises, "penitentiary houses" and other buildings at the Royal Academy in London between 1771 and 1803. Each is composed of a central block linked by curved wings to pedimented pavilions with large Venetian windows. -1824

Thomas Luny, an English painter, died in Teignmouth, Devon
He exhibited regularly at the Royal Academy from 1780 until 1793 and then only in 1802 and in the year of his death. Only known to have one pupil, a Captain Hulme, Luny had a limited influence on his contemporaries. Some of his works: "Storm and Shipwreck", "Battle on the Nile". -1837

Jean Désiré Ringel d'Illzach, French sculptor, was born
He studied with Francois Jouffroy and Alexandre Falguiére at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. The subjects of his numerous cast portrait medallions included "Sarah Bernharat", "León Gambetta", "Jules Massenet" and "Emile Zola". Ringel d'Illzach was also known for his painted wax sculptures, such as his mask of "Maurice Rollinat", for his ceramic work, and for his statues and busts in bronze -1849

Hermann Rudolf Heidel died in Stuttgart
In 1839, at the Kunstverein in Cologne, he exhibited a drawing for a frieze the "Life of Minerva", and also showed a bust of "Beethoven". Heidel also designed such functional objects as vases, cups and lampshades. Some of his work: "Iphigenie auf Tauris", "George Frideric Handel", "Psyche and Persephone". -1865

John Keating, an Irish painter, was born in Limerick
He was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Hibernian Academy, becoming a full member in 1919 and President from 1948 to 1962. He had major status in Irish art from the 1920's to the 1950's as the leading exponent of nationalist themes. One of his work was: "Men of the West". -1889

Impresario David Belasco opened his first Broadway theater
During his long career between 1884 and 1930, Belasco either wrote, directed, or produced more than 100 Broadway plays including Hearts of Oak, The Heart of Maryland, and Du Barry, making him the most powerful personality on the New York city theater scene. Although he is perhaps most famous for having penned Madame Butterfly and The Girl of the Golden West for the stage, both of which were adapted as operas by Giacomo Puccini, more than forty motion pictures have been made from the many plays he authored, including Buster Keaton's Seven Chances. -1902

Valentin Kamensky, a Russian architect, was born in Tula
He graduated from the Institute of Communal Construction Engineers, Leningrad in 1931. His solution, similar to the conclusions of numerous other design teams around the Soviet Union, was the development of fully integrated satellite communities, beyond the main city. One of his work was: "Monument to the Defenders of Leningrad". -1907

The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral
Construction started with a ceremonial address by President Theodore Roosevelt and the laying of the cornerstone. In 1912, Bethlehem Chapel opened for services in the unfinished cathedral, which have continued daily ever since. When construction of the cathedral resumed after a brief hiatus for World War I, both Bodley and Vaughan had died. Gen. John J. Pershing led fundraising efforts for the church after World War I. American architect Philip Hubert Frohman took over the design of the cathedral and was henceforth designated the principal architect. Funding for the National Cathedral has come entirely from private sources. Maintenance and upkeep continue to rely entirely upon private support. Public funding, if attempted, would likely be challenged as a violation of the First Amendment's Establishment clause. -1907

Winslow Homer, an American painter, died
He was one of the two most admired American late 19th-century artists, and is considered to be the greatest pictorial poet of outdoor life in the USA and its greatest watercolourist. His work is characterized by bold, fluid brushwork, strong draughtsmanship and composition, and particularly by a lack of sentimentality -1910

Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director, was born
Antonioni's spare style and purposeless characters have not been admired by all critics. Ingmar Bergman once remarked that he admired some of Antonioni's films for their detached and sometimes dreamlike quality. However, while he considered Blowup and La notte masterpieces, he called the other films boring and noted that he had never understood why Antonioni was held in such esteem. Coincidentally, both Antonioni and Bergman died on the same day in 2007. -1912

Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter, died
He was a leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. His realistic works often expressed great psychological depth and exposed the tensions within the existing social order. Beginning in the latter-1920s, detailed works on him were being published in the USSR and about a decade later, a Repin cult was established in the Soviet Union and he was being held up as a model "progressive" and "realist" to be imitated by "Socialist Realist" artists in the USSR. -1930

Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress, was born
Federico Fellini gave Ekberg her greatest role in La dolce vita (1960), in which she played the unattainable "dream woman" opposite Marcello Mastroianni; then Boccaccio '70 in 1960, a movie that also featured Sophia Loren. Fellini would call her back for two other films: I clowns (1972), and Intervista (1987), where she played herself in a reunion scene with Mastroianni. La Dolce Vita was a sensational success, and Anita Ekberg's uninhibited cavorting in Rome's Trevi Fountain remains one of the most celebrated images in film history. -1931

Rino Levi, a Brazilian architect, died in Sao Paulo.
He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Milan and the School of Architecture, Rome. At the end of World War II Brazil entered a phase of intense industrialization and rapid urbanization. Levi made an important contribution to the introduction of modern architecture to Brazil, not only through his buildings but also in his teaching roles at the University of Sao Paulo. -1965

Washington National Cathedral finished
Washington National Cathedral was completed after almost a century of planning and 83 years in construction. Its final design shows a mix of influences from the various Gothic architectural styles of the Middle Ages, identifiable in its pointed arches, flying buttresses, ceiling vaulting, stained-glass windows and carved decorations in stone, and by its three similar towers, two on the west front and one surmounting the crossing. -1990

Roy Lichtenstein, American artist, died
He began teaching at Rutgers University in 1960 where he was heavily influenced by Allan Kaprow, also a tutor at the University. His first work to feature the large scale use of hard edged figures and Benday Dots was Look Mickey (1961, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota), which came from a challenge from one of his sons, who pointed to a Mickey Mouse comic book and said; 'I bet you can't paint as good as that.' In the same year he produced six other works with recognizable characters from gum wrappers or cartoons. In 1961 Leo Castelli started displaying Lichtenstein's work at his gallery in New York, and he had his first one man show at the gallery in 1962; the entire collection was bought by influential collectors of the time before the show even opened. Finally making enough money to live from his painting, he stopped teaching a year later. -1997

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum submits proposal
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum has submitted a proposal to New York City for a dramatic new curvilinear building designed by Frank O. Gehry that would rise as high as 45 stories on a platform over four East River piers near Wall Street. The project has been budgeted at around $850 million and would contain large exhibition wings, a theater, a skating rink and other public amenities with about six years to complete. -1999

Chris Ofili confused about criticism
Chris Ofili, author of the painting "The Holy Virgin Mary" that has received heavy criticism, stated that he is confused by all the fuss around it. The painting is scheduled to be on exhibit at the Brooklyn Museum of Art next Saturday. The painter stated that he feels there is a bigger agenda to this issue, than what appears to be. "The people who are attacking this painting are attacking their own interpretation, not mine", further stated the painter. -1999

 


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