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Milestones

Matthaus Merian, Swiss engraver, was born
Born in Basel, he learned the art of copperplate engraving in Zurich and subsequently worked and studied in Strasbourg, Nancy, and Paris, before returning to Basel in 1615. The following year he moved to Frankfurt, Germany where he worked for the publisher Johann Theodor de Bry, whose daughter Maria Magdalena he married in 1617. In 1620 they moved back to Basel, only to return three years later to Frankfurt, where Merian took over the publishing house of his father-in-law after de Bry's death in 1623. 1626 he became a citizen of Frankfurt and could henceforth work as an independent publisher. -1593

Alessandro Allori, Italian painter, died
Born in Florence, he was brought up and trained in art by his uncle, Angelo Bronzino, whose name he sometimes assumed in his pictures. In some ways, Allori is the last of the line of prominent Florentine painters, of generally undiluted Tuscan artistic heritage: Andrea del Sarto worked with Fra Bartolomeo (as well as Leonardo Da Vinci), Pontormo briefly worked under Andrea, and trained Bronzino, who trained Allori. Subsequent generations in the city would be strongly influenced by the tide of Baroque styles pre-eminent in other parts of Italy. -1607

Ladislas de Czachorski, Polish collector, was born
He created a museum in Poland with dispersed collections. -1850

Mikalojus Ciurlionis, Lithuanian painter, was born
In 1911 the first posthumous exhibition of Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis' art was held in Vilnius and Kaunas. During the same year an exhibition of his art was held in Moscow, and in 1912 his works were exhibited in St. Petersburg. The National M. K. Ciurlionis School of Art was founded in Vilnius in 1945; soon afterwards the Lithuanian community in Chicago opened The Ciurlionis Art Gallery, hosting collections of his works. In 1963 the Ciurlionis Memorial Museum was opened in Druskininkai, in the house where Ciurlionis and his family lived. This museum holds biographical documents as well as photographs and reproductions of the artist's works. -1875

Swedish architect and craftsman Eric Gunnar Asplund was born
Mostly known as a representative of Swedish neo-classical architecture of the 1920s, and during the last decade of his life as a major proponent of the modernist style which got its breakthrough in Sweden at the 1930 Stockholm exposition. His major works include the Stockholm Public Library and Skogskyrkogarden, a cemetery which is a UNESCO world heritage site. Skogskyrkogarden was created between 1914 and 1940 by Asplund and Sigurd Lewerentz. Another important work is the extension of the Gothenburg City Hall building which Asplund started on 1917 and finished 1937 - it shows his transformation from neo-classical to modernist architect. Gunnar Asplund is considered perhaps the most important modernist Swedish architect and has had a major influence on later generations of Swedish and also Nordic architects. -1885

William Spratling, American silversmith, was born
In 1929, Spratling, inspired by several summer visits, moved to Mexico, where he quickly integrated himself into the Mexican art scene. He became a friend and a strong proponent of the work of muralist Diego Rivera, for whom he organized an exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Using money received from commissions he organized for Rivera, Spratling purchased a home in Taxco, southwest of Mexico City. -1900

German painter and graphic designer Fritz Winter was born
His lyrical compositions based on obscure lines and crystalline forms made him one of the leading figures of abstract art. -1905

The Duke of York's Cinema opened in Brighton
Built on the old site of a brewery, it borrows its name from the Duke of York's Theatre in London, which was built by the same person. It houses one single screen with over 300 seats, plus a small balcony, accessed from the café/bar, and which can be booked privately. It originally seated over 800, but modifications have been made to the inside of the building to create the café/bar upstairs, a concession space downstairs, and to allow for greater comfort. -1910

Charles Keeping, British illustrator, was born
He first came to prominence with his illustrations for Rosemary Sutcliff's historical novels for children, and he created more than twenty picture books. He won the Kate Greenaway Medal for outstanding work in children's illustration twice: for Charley, Charlotte and the Golden Canary in 1967, and for an illustrated edition of Alfred Noyes's poem The Highwayman in 1981. He illustrated The God Beneath the Sea, by Leon Garfield and Edward Blishen, which won the Carnegie Medal for children's literature in 1970. He also illustrated the complete works of Charles Dickens for the Folio Society. -1924

Spanish painter and writer Antonio Saura was born in Huesca
Antonio Saura took part of the "Biennial" in Venice in 1958 and in the "Documenta" in Kassel in 1960. In the same years, he won the Guggenheim Award in New York. Actually, since the end of the 50s, it is almost impossible to imagine an international art market without his portraits, which find themselves between abstraction and figuration. Antonio Saura was known world-wide for his dark thick layered oils and his works are on display in many of the worlds most prestigious museums. The outstanding theme of Saura's creations are the portraits, and from them, the ladies. Graphical works by Antonio Saura are less known. These works are a composition of many figures in an irregular composition. Antonio Saura died in 1998 in Cuenca, Spain. -1930

Writer and art critic Juan Garcia Ponce was born in Mexico
He was born in Merida, state of Yucatan, Mexico. Notable works include La aparición de lo invisible (1968) and Las huellas de la voz (1982). In his novels Figura de paja (1964), La casa en la playa (1966), La presencia lejana (1968), La cabaña (1969), La invitación (1972), El nombre olvidado (1970), El libro (1978), Crónica de la intervención (1982), Inmaculada o los placeres de la Inocencia (1989) he intertwines the erotic with philosophic rigor and the aesthetic, illuminating the secret, demonic side of reality, accepting all of its risks. -1932

The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public
The Dead Sea scrolls comprise roughly 900 documents, including texts from the Hebrew Bible, discovered between 1947 and 1956 in eleven caves in and around the Wadi Qumran (near the ruins of the ancient settlement of Khirbet Qumran, on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea) in the West Bank. The texts are of great religious and historical significance, as they include practically the only known surviving copies of Biblical documents made before 100 CE, and preserve evidence of considerable diversity of belief and practice within late Second Temple Judaism. -1991

Europalia 93 is dedicated for its very first time to an American country, Mexico
From today on, the Musee Royaux des Beaux Arts, from Brussels, presents the exposition "El Aguila y el Sol" (The Eagle and the Sun). It is a general overview in the past 30 centuries of the Mexican art. The Baron Groot heart is the festival general commissary. -1993

Nazi art scandal documents reveal scale of lost treasure dealers
Looted art treasures stolen from Jews and now worth up to 15 billon pounds were sent by Nazi German for safe-keeping in Switzerland during the second world war, according to declassified British and American docuements. Official papers lodged at the Public Record Office in Kew, west London, and in national archives in washington show that many of the paintings, plundered from France, the benelux countries and Eastern Europe, allegedly entered Switzerland in German diplomatic bags. Others were lodged in the Swiss freeports and those uncollected after the war will have become Swiss government property. Only a small number of paintings have been located. It is suspected that a substantial proportion fell into the hands of Swiss dealers, others works of art were re-exposed to Spain. -1996

The Phoenix Art Museum opened the doors to its new complex
The new museum will be more than double its former size to accommodate the dramatic increase in public use on the facility and its growing art collections. The Museum's new state of the art current exhibition galleries and highlights of the Museum's collection have been accessible since July, 1995 and will remain as such until the grand opening in September. -1996

Two mural panels by Edward Bawden were unveiled in Chelsea
Edward Bawden studied in London at the Royal College of Art with fellow student Eric Ravilious, both of whom Paul Nash referred to as "an extraordinary outbreak of talent". By the late 1920s Bawden was working one day a week for the Curwen Press, producing illustrations for leading accounts such as London Transport, Westminster Bank and Twinings. In the early 1930s he was discovered by the famous Stuart Advertising Agency, owned by H. Stuart Menzies and Marcus Brumwell. At this time Bawden produced some of his most humorous and innovative work for Fortnum & Mason and Imperial Airways. Bawden's work can be seen in many major collections and is shown regularly at the Fry Art Gallery in Saffron Walden and the Cecil Higgins Gallery in Bedford. -1996

The Museo de Bellas Artes in Bilbao opened in November an exhibit on Julio González
The focus is the painting titled "Femme dite 'Les trois plis'" which was donated by the Banco Bilbao Vizcaya. This is one of the first works by the artist done in the '30s when he began experimenting with iron. -1999

The painting titled "Boats on the Banks of Gennevilliers" was auctioned on the Internet
The painting was bought in a junk shop and is currently on sale at eBay. The picture is being sold by two men from Lincoln, Nebraska, who paid $225 dollars for what they thought was a copy. Wayne Rankin and Fred Niemann noticed the junk shop while they were collecting a pizza. The $1.8 million bidder, Mark Borghi, owner of the New York gallery Borghi -1999

 


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