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Milestones

Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect, was born
He was one of the great Italian architects of 16th century Mannerism. His two great masterpieces are the Villa Farnese at Caprarola and the Jesuits' Church of the Gesu in Rome. The three writers who spread the Italian Renaissance style throughout Western Europe are Vignola, Serlio and Palladio. -1507

Jan Gossart, a South Netherlandish painter, draughtsman and printmaker, died in Antwerp
During the first decade of the 16th century he was one of the earliest exponents of Antwerp Mannerism. He was also the first Netherlandish artist to paint classically inspired, mythological nudes. -1532

Frans Floris, Flemish painter, died
The boldness and force Floris's works possess reflect the monumental style of their Italian models. Their technical execution reveals a rapid hand, bright coloring, and a mastery of anatomy not always evident in Netherlandish art of the time. Floris owed much of his repute to the cleverness with which his works were transferred to copper by Jerome Cock, Cornelis Cort, and Theodore de Galle. Whilst Floris was engaged on a Crucifixion of 27 ft., and a Resurrection of equal size, for the grand prior of Spain, he was seized with illness, and died on the 1st of October 1570 at Antwerp. -1570

Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen, Dutch painter, died
Besides these we have the "Crucifixion" in the Hermitage of St Petersburg, and two "Triumphs of Silenus" in the gallery of Vienna, in which the same relation to Giulio Romano may be noted as we mark in the canvases of Rinaldo of Mantua. Other pieces of varying importance are in the galleries of Rotterdam, Munich, Cassel, Brunswick, Karlsruhe, Mainz and Copenhagen. In England the master is best known by his drawings. A comparatively feeble picture by him is the "Last Judgment" in the palace of Hampton Court. -1574

Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter, was born
His paintings, of which he produced an immense number, (Hofstede de Groot claimed around 850, although many are misattributed), were in great demand, as were his 80 etchings and 500 drawings. His landscapes, painted in the Italian style of idealized rural scenes, with hills, mountains, cliffs and trees in a golden dawn are sought after. Berchem also painted inspired and attractive human and animal figures in works of other artists, like Allaert van Everdingen, Jan Hackaert, Gerrit Dou, Meindert Hobbema and Willem Schellinks. The French Rococo painter Jean-Baptiste Pillement was influenced by his works. -1620

Cornelis Dusart, a Dutch painter, draughtsman and printmaker, died in Haarlem
Two of his earliest pictures of peasants relied heavily on compositions by van Ostade: "Mother and Child" and "Woman Selling Milk". Dusart used lighter and more varied colours, the intense light blue, yellow and red of the costumes predominating over the tonality of the surrounding space as in the "Pipe Smoker". -1704

Joseph Roques, a French painter and printmaker, was born in Toulouse
He was trained by Toulouse painter Pierre Rivalz and in 1778 won the Prix de Rome with the "Murder of Philip of Macedon". Roques produced history paintings with Classical subjects such as the "Death of Lucretia", he also played an important role in the revival of religious painting in France, producing such works as "St Germain", the "Last Supper", the "Communion of the Duc d'Angouleme" and the "Rest on the Flight into Egypt". -1757

Ignace Francois Bonhommé, a French painter, draughtsman and printmaker, died in Paris
In 1835 he showed a sequence of portraits in pastel and watercolor, owned by the writer Alexandre Dumas, who later published an article on Bonhommé in "L'Indépendance belge". One of his works is "Fireworks set off at Versailles in Honour of Queen Victoria, 25 August 1855". -1881

Guillermo Grajeda Mena, a Guatemalan sculptor, was born in Guatemala City
From 1949 to 1962 he was professor of sculpture at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas, and from 1948 to 1986 he organized exhibitions at the Instituto de Antropologia e Historia, both in Guatemala City. Some of his works: "Maternity", "Olmec Culture", "National History", "The Conquest" and "Archaic Christ". -1918

Emile Antoine Bourdelle, a French sculptor, painter and draughtsman, died near Paris
In 1893 he became an assistant in Auguste Rodin's studio, remaining there until 1908. This period was marked principally by his first major commission, the War Memorial at Montauban, and by commencement of his "Beethoven" series, comprising 45 sculptures as well as pastels and drawings, work on which continued until 1929. Some of his work: "Big Tragic Mask", "La Marseillaise", "Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux" and "Aphrodite". -1929

Bernard Réquichot, a French painter and writer, was born in Asnieres-sur, Vegre, Sarthe
Under the influence of Cubism, and in particular the work of Jacques Villon, Réquichot's earliest paintings were of skulls and still-lifes, and included a series of oxen in which the forms gradually disintegrated. In 1957 Réquichot began producing collages of papiers choisis. -1929

The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened
The present building at 301 Park Avenue in Manhattan is a 47-story, 625 ft. (191 m) Art Deco landmark designed by architects Schultze and Weaver that dates from 1931 and is now part of the The Waldorf=Astoria Collection. The name, Waldorf=Astoria, now appears with a double hyphen, but originally the single hyphen was employed, as recalled by a popular expression and song, "Meet Me at the Hyphen." The modern hotel has three American and classic European restaurants, and a beauty parlor located off the main lobby. Several luxurious boutiques surround the distinctive lobby, which has won awards for its restoration to the original period character. An even more luxurious, virtual "hotel within a hotel" in its upper section is known as The Waldorf Towers operated by Conrad Hotels & Resorts. -1931

Jean-Jacques Annaud, French film director, was born
He began his career by directing television advertisements in the late 1960s to early 1970s. In his first feature film, Black and White in Color from 1976, he used personal experience obtained during his own military service in Cameroon. The film was awarded an Oscar for the Best Foreign Language Film. His third film Quest for Fire (La Guerre du feu) received two Césars for the best film and the best director. For Seven Years in Tibet, a film adaptation of the life of Heinrich Harrer, he has received a life-long denial of entry to China. His latest work was filmed in the year 2006, a film known by the name Her Majesty the Minor, which was filmed in Benitatxell and Benigembla, basically in the district of the Marina Alta, which is located in the Valencian Country. -1943

James Gamble Rogers, an American architect, died in New York
He began his architectural career in the office of William Le Baron Jenney in Chicago. He won medals in architecture and construction and graduated with honours in 1899. In 1905 he opened a short lived practice in New York with Herbert D. Hale. After Hale retired Rogers rose to national prominence when he won the competition for the New Haven Post Office and Court-House. -1947

Robert Falk, Russian painter, died
After 1938 until his death in 1958 he worked in Moscow, most of the time in isolation. His works of that time were in neo-impressionist style with characteristic white-on-white colors (not unlike the later paintings of his teacher Valentin Serov's). During the Khrushchev Thaw he became popular among young painters and many considered Falk as the main bridge between traditions of the Russian and French modern of beginning of 20th century and Russian avant-garde and the Russian avant-garde of 1960s. -1958

Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist, died
He was one of the premier Greek archaeologists of the 20th century. His most notable discovery was the site of Akrotiri, a Minoan port city on the island of Thera, which was simultaneously destroyed and preserved by a massive volcanic eruption, which is one event which may have spawned the myth of Atlantis. Marinatos began excavations in 1967 and died at the site in 1974, after suffering a massive stroke. -1974

Oleksi Dushkyn, a Ukrainian architect, active also in Russia, died in Moscow
He developed the general plans for Gorlovka and Kramatorsk and designed the building for the Institute of Motorized Roads, all in Kharkiv. His design for the Palace of Soviets, Moscow, won first prize in the second round of the competition. In 1933 he was recruited to design stations for the Moscow metro. After 1959 he worked mainly on monuments, such as that at Vladimir in honour of the 850th anniversary of its founding and the monument to the "Victory in Novgorod" with the sculptor Georgy Neroda. -1977

Lili Ország, a Hungarian painter and stage designer, died in Budapest
She graduated from the Collage of Fine Arts, Budapest, in 1950. The influence of de Chirico and Belgian Surrealism is apparent in Ország's earliest works, and Lajos Vajda and Endre Bálint were also important for her, but she drew her principal inspiration from three study tours to Moscow, to Bulgaria and to Prague. One of her works is "Labyrinth". -1978

The Boeing Company donated approximately six acres of land
The donated property is located slightly northwest of the Museum's Great Gallery and Red Barn (the original Boeing factory building). Boeing has also made land available to facilitate expansion north of the current Museum complex. All of the land involved in the gift is in the city of Tukwila. -1999

The Dayton Hudson Foundation and the Council on Foundations presented the 1999 Masterworks Awards
Winners of the awards for innovative and enduring philanthropic achievement were: SC Johnson, Racine, Wis.; Suburban Job-Link Corporation, Chicago; and Newman's Own, Inc. -1999

The Second Annual San Francisco International Art Exposition Opened
The fair attracts dealers, curators, collectors and art-world novices from around the country. More than 100 galleries from 12 countries have set up shop on the piers and in tents out front, showcasing the work of 2,000 artists such as Braque, Miro, Jasper Johns, Georgia O'Keeffe and Edward Weston. Last year's San Francisco event drew 14,000 visitors over three days. -1999

Richard Avedon, American photographer, died
Avedon was drawn to working people such as miners and oil field workers in their soiled work clothes, unemployed drifters, and teenagers growing up in the West circa 1979-84. When first published and exhibited, In the American West was criticized for showing what some considered to be a disparaging view of America. Avedon was also lauded for treating his subjects with the attention and dignity usually reserved for the politically powerful and celebrities. Laura Wilson served as Avedon's assistant during the creation of In the American West and in 2003 published a photo book documenting the experiences, Avedon at Work, In the American West. -2004

 


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