The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Tuesday, February 21, 2017
 
Milestones

In Breisach, Germany, Martin Schongaer, the painter and draughtsman, died
He was greatly influenced by Rogier van der Wyden and generally painted themes on the passion and the life of Maria, mostly portraying her serenely and with a harmonious background. Many of his creations are in churches in Colmar and some are in the Colmar Museum. -1491

The French painter Ernest Jean-Louise Meissonier was born in Lyon
Also a gifted illustrator of Military and historical subjects, he became most well known for his themes on Napoleonic battles. His technique is mainly minute and scrupulous, derived from his studies of Dutch painters of the 17th century, although he has also been associated with the 19th century because of his documentary approach to costumes and armors. -1815

The Dutch architect Petrus Hendrik Berlage was born in Amsterdam
His work is characterized by the use of materials based on their fundamental properties and an avoidance of decoration. During travels to the U.S. in 1911 Berlage studied American building methods and later used them in his own work. One of his most important works is the Haggs Gemeentemuseum, The Hague. -1856

Carl Wilhelm Heideck, a German soldier, painter and printmaker of Swiss descent, died in Munich
Hitherto, Heideck had worked exclusively in watercolors and gouache but from 1816 onwards he also began to paint in oils. He first exhibited in 1823, showing a painting entitled "Bavarian Woodcutters" at the Munich Academy, of which he was elected an honorary member in 1824. His output was varied and included not only battle-pieces and other military subjects, such as "Philhellene Camp during the Greek War of Independence", but also genre paintings and topographical landscapes where he recorded views and architectural sites, especially in Greece and Spain -1861

Charles Guérin, a French painter and illustrator, was born in Sens, Yonne
In addition to portraits and still-lifes he painted nudes, such as "The Partition". In his still-lifes he often included musical instruments, like in "Still-life with Lute". His most striking works, however, included a number of imaginary romantic pictures in which the figures, often elongated, were dressed in mid-19th-century fashion, like in "Colombine". -1875

Swiss painter Hans Erni was born in Lucerne
A disciple of Derain and Braque, he was also influenced by Picasso. Erni confounded the "Abstraction-Création" group, and made a number of surrealist frescoes. -1909

Isido Nonell, the Catalonian painter, died at the young age of 38 in Berlin
His early work was marked by his membership to the group "Colla de Sant Martí", who joined forces in representing suburban landscapes. After a brief stay in Paris, he began a period dedicated to portraits of gypsies, perhaps the most tender and endearing of his artistic production. -1911

German sculptor Louis Tuaillon died in Berlin
He was a follower of Degas and in Rome belonged to the A. V. Hildebrand circle from 1885-1902. His work is a combination of neo-Baroque with neo-Classicism. His sculptures were mainly of horses and include "The Emperor Frederik III" and "Horse Rider" both exhibited in Bremen. -1919

An article published in Lima, Peru disclosed the remarkable finding of 14-million-year-old paintings
The archaeological pieces show various jaguars, rainbows and crowned men flying amongst lightning rays on small stones. Authorities have credited them to the Incas. -1996

In celebration of the great French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson's 90th birthday, London had two exhibitions
The Hayward Gallery had the more general show, Europeans, and the National Portrait Gallery, showed Tête-à-Tête, confined to his portraits. Cartier-Bresson is regarded as one of photography's greatest humanists, with a focus on people. -1998

An exhibition on the drawings of the English painter Francis Bacon (1909-1992) was on view at the Tate Gallery in London
Bacon always vehemently denied that he ever made preparatory drawings for his paintings. Then, after his death, drawings and sketches claimed to be by Bacon came to light. In this show more than 40 unquestionably authentic examples were displayed. They also shed new light on his working methods. -1999

The Israel Museum decided to return a valuable French Impressionist painting to the heir of the Holocaust victim who owned the artwork before World War II
The Camille Pissaro painting, "Boulevard Montmarte (spring 1897)," was to be returned to Gerta Silberberg, the daughter-in-law of Max Silberberg, a German industrialist and art collector who died at the Theresienstadt concentration camp in 1942, the Haaretz daily reported. However, the painting would remain in the museum on loan for at least 10 years, the article said. Estimated to be worth between $8 million and $10 million, the painting was donated to the museum in 1998 by the Loebs from New York who had bought it in 1960. -2000

 


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