The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Francesco Mochi, one the most original Italian sculptors of the early 17th century was born
His magnificently proud "Allesandro Farnese, 1620-25, Piacenza, Piazza Cavalli, is one of the finest of all equestrian statues. It marked Mochi's break from the previous styles. -1580

Judith Leyster, Dutch painter, was baptised in Haarlem
She painted genre scenes, portraits and still-lifes. Her specialty was small intimate genre scenes, usually with women seated by candlelight, and single half-length figures set against a neutral background. She was influenced by both the Utrecht Caravaggisto and Frans Hals. -1609

Pedro de las Cuevas, Spanish painter, died in Madrid
He was a teacher of the leading artists in Madrid in the second third of the 17th century. He worked as a painter in the service of the Real Carcel de la Corte de Madrid. -1644

Pope Urban VIII, of the Italian aristocrat family, who was the leading patron of Baroque art in the 17th-century, died
Bernini helped to design the Palazzo Barberini, which contains important ceiling frescos by Pietro da Cortona and Andrea Sacchi. He is largely responsible for the contribution of bronze needed to forge the enormous Baldacchino over the site of St. Peter's grave. The amount of which was so great that some was even stripped from the Pantheon, giving rise to the adage "What the barbarians did not do, the Barberini did." -1644

David the Younger Teniers, the Flemish painter, was born in Antwerp
He painted almost every kind of picture, some 2,000 works have been attributed to him, but is best known for his peasant scenes. In 1651 he was appointed court painter to the Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in Brussels and also looked after his superb picture collection. -1690

Lorenzo de' Ferrari, Italian painter, died in Genoa
He evolved an independent style based on his grandfather's and father's work. His last work is the splendid Galleria d'Oro in the Palazzo Spinola, Genoa. -1744

Samuel Wilde, English painter and etcher of Dutch descent, was baptized in London
Between 1792 and 1821 he exhibited theatrical portraits at the Royal Academy. -1751

The German landscape and interior painter, Karl Blechen, was born
Mainly self taught, he was influenced in early work by Friedrich and Dahl, in highly wrought landscapes. After visiting Italy in 1828, he turned from Romanticism to a naturalism similar to that of Corot. One of his most beautiful paintings is "View of Houses and Gardens in Berlin, c, 1838, West Berlin, Staatliche Museen. -1798

In America, one of the most celebrated sculptors of the 19th century was born, Sir Edward Poynter
His success first came with naturalistic portrait busts, "Andrew Jackson, c. 1835, New York, Metropolitan, but his fame was established by, and still depends on, "The Greek Slave", 1843, Corcoran, Washington. When it was first exhibited, in the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace in London in 1851, it caused sensation for its "erotic-ness" subtly cloaked in sentimentality. -1805

Aleksandr Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter, was born in St. Petersburg
He was the most important religious painter in the 19th century Russia. He dedicated most of his time to religious painting. -1806

Vincenzo Pacetti, Italian sculptor, restorer and collector, died in Rome
He used the Neo-classicism style. He collaborated on many restorations of ancient statues with Francesco Antonio Franzoni. -1820

Eastman Johnson, the American painter was born in Lovell, Maine
He studied at the Düsseldorf and in Paris under Couture. He mainly painted genre scenes, landscapes and some portraits. -1824

Carl Gustav Carus, German painter and draughtsman, died in Dresden
He was a successful painter and also achieved success as a doctor, naturalist, scientist and psychologist. As a painter he was mainly interested in landscapes. His first exhibition was in 1816. He thought that the landscape painter must not conceive of nature as a fixed form but as a living organism. -1869

Pancho Fierro, Peruvian painter, died in Lima
He was the leading costumbrista artist in Peru with watercolors that recorded the people and events of the transitional phase between the colonial and Republican periods. -1879

Bernard Cohen, English painter, was born in London
He studied in London at St. Martin's School of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art. He produced paintings that were idiosyncratic and deliberately disparate in style. -1933

Joseph Wright of Derby
An exhibition on the work of Joseph Wright of Derby was on view at the Derby Museum and Art Gallery in England. Wright of Derby was more than just a provincial pioneer but real mastery was out of his hands. Wright's masterpiece 'A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery', demonstrates that Wright was more than an interesting painter. He was a fair landscape painter, and an occasionally superb portraitist. Above all, he invented an entirely new genre of picture: the nocturnal description of a scientific experiment. -1997

the Turner Prize syndrome
The head of one of Britain's leading art colleges attacked "the Turner Prize syndrome", dismissing brick walls and bottled body fluids as the emperor's new clothes. Leonard McComb, keeper of the Royal Academy Schools, said he was unable to understand how people could marvel at a drawing by Michelangelo with the same enthusiasm they showed for "piano bits hanging from wires, as if they were both the same thing". Mr. McComb said he was disturbed by the "art careerists" who promoted "cutting edge" art simply because they demanded sensation. -1998


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