The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Monday, September 15, 2014
 
Milestones

San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid is finished
Philip II of Spain engaged the Spanish architect, Juan Bautista de Toledo, to be his collaborator in the design of El Escorial. Juan Bautista had spent the greater part of his career in Rome, where he had worked on the basilica of St. Peter's, and in Naples, where he had served the king's viceroy, whose recommendation brought him to the king's attention. Philip appointed him architect-royal in 1559, and together they designed El Escorial as a "perpetual home for the Catholic Crown of Spain". -1584

André Le Notre, French landscape architect, died
André Le Notre was a landscape architect and the gardener of King Louis XIV of France from 1645 to 1700. Most notably, he was responsible for the construction of the park of the Palace of Versailles. His planning was significant as well, at the Tuileries he extended the vista westward, which would later become the boulevard of the Champs-Élysées and comprise the Axe historique. -1700

Giovanni Battista Primoli, an Italian architect, active in South America, died in Mision de Candelaria
Primoli alternated his work between Buenos Aires and Córdoba, and in 1719 he built projects of his own design for the town council of Buenos Aires. He was established in Córdoba, working on the Colegio Máximo of the university with Bianchi and starting the construction of the Convictorio and the Casa de Ejercicios. -1747

Bartol Felbinger, a Croatian architect of Bohemian birth, was born in Cheb, Bohemia
His career began during the period of late Viennese Baroque architecture, but Felbinger developed his own path towards a Neo-classicism that was lyrical, unlike the abstract classicism of Schinkel or Friedrich Weinbrenner, and characterized by simplicity and functional logic. -1785

Josef Schöpf, an Austrian painter, died in Innsbruck
Between 1768 and 1775 Schöpf worked with the painter Martin Knoller, who made a deep impression on him as a teacher, on frescoes in Ettal, Neresheim and in the Bürgersaal in Munich. Having won an imperial scholarship he spent the years 1775-83 in Rome, where he studied antique sculpture and made copies of works by Raphael, Agostino Carracci and Annibale Carraci, Guido Reni and Domenichino. -1822

Pio Piacentini, an Italian architect, was born in Rome
His unusual and highly eclectic work, influenced by Renaissance Revival architecture and by the innovative work of his French contemporary Charles Garnier, was evident in his first major design, for the Palazzo delle Esposizioni on the Via Nazionale in Rome. Piacentini won the second competition for the Palazzo. -1846

Ponciano Ponzano y Gascon, a Spanish sculptor, died in Madrid.
In 1832 he won the second prize with a scholarship to go to Rome, with a relief from an episode, which took place in Avila in the 14th century, the "Life of Alfonso XI". Some of his works are: "King Consort", "Francisco de Asís" and "Martinez de la Rosa". -1877

Silpa Bhirasri, Italian sculptor, was born
He was known as the father of modern arts in Thailand. He was an Italian sculptor invited to Thailand to teach Western sculpture at the Fine Arts Department of the Ministry of Palace Affairs in 1923, founding what would become Silpakorn University. He changed his name and became a Thai national during World War II in 1944 in order to avoid arrest by the Japanese. -1892

Jean Renoir, French film director, was born
He was the second son of Aline Charigot and the French painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir. During the 1930s Renoir enjoyed great success as a filmmaker. In 1931 he directed his first sound films, On purge bébé and La Chienne (The Bitch). The following year Boudu sauvé des eaux (Boudu Saved From Drowning) was strongly influenced by Chaplin's tramp. Here Michel Simon, a vagrant, is rescued from the River Seine by a bookseller, and the materialist, bourgeois milieu of the bookseller and his family is contrasted with the attitudes of the tramp, who is invited to stay at their home. -1894

Friedrich Adler, a German architect, archaeologist and writer, died in Berlin
He was one of the leading figures of Berlin's architectural establishment in the latter half of the 19th century. He designed the Archaeological Museum at Olympia in 1833. -1908

Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director, was born
Imamura was the first Japanese director to win two Palme d'Or awards, and is regarded as one of the most important and idiosyncratic filmmakers in the history of Japanese cinema. However, even being one of the greatest asian directors, he was never Oscar nominated in any category. -1926

Renée Gailhoustet, a French architect and teacher, was born in Oran, Algeria
She was involved primarily with social housing, most of her projects being located in densely populated urban centers. She advocated bringing nature into urban housing, through the use of garden-balconies and courtyards. She designed 180 balcony flats at Saint-Denis, which betray formal ties to Le Corbusier; a severe, planar geometry is relieved only by the outwardly jutting triangular balconies and cylindrical columns raising the flats above a lower level of shops. -1929

Manuel Joaquim Raspall, a Spanish Catalan architect, died in la Garriga
He worked in the Valles Oriental area, where he was municipal architect to La Garriga, Cardedeu, L'Ametlla, Granollers, Llinás, Caldes de Montbuy and La Roca. His most important works include the renovation of the Palau Nadal in the Carrer Ancha, Barcelona, the Torre "Iris", and the Casa Barbey. -1937

Oliver Stone, American film director, was born
Stone has won three Academy Awards. His first "Oscar" was for Best Adapted Screenplay for Midnight Express (1978). He won Academy Awards for Directing Platoon and Born on the Fourth of July. -1946

Alfred Reth, a French painter of Hungarian birth, died in Paris
In 1905 he moved to Paris, where he studied briefly at the Académie J.E. Blanche. He did Cubist paintings of figures, still-life and landscapes, such as "Still-life". One of his works was "Composition". -1966

The Centro Reina Sofía opened an exhibit featuring the latest works by photographer Sarah Jones
The exhibit takes place at Espacio Uno, an exhibit hall in the Reina Sofía. Rafael Doctor, director of Espacio Uno stated that "the technical sharpness of the images, the large format and the perfect lighting" make this a great exhibit. -1999

The Museum of Fine Arts granted curators Jonathan Fairbanks and Anne Poulet emeritus status
This was announced at an annual board meeting in Boston. Jonathan Fairbanks is now the Katharine Lane Weems Curator of American Decorative Arts and Sculpture Emeritus and Anne Poulet the Russel B. and Andree Beauchamp Stearns Curator of European Decorative Arts and Sculpture Emerita. The emeritus positions do not include salaries or office space, which were issues of concern for both curators during negotiations. -1999

 


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