The Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale on 27 June, part of 20th Century at Christies
, a series of sales that take place from 17 to 30 June 2017, will be led by a group of masterpiece paintings by Max Beckmann, Claude Monet, Pablo Picasso, Egon Schiele and Vincent van Gogh. Claude Monets Saule pleureur (1918-19, estimate: £15,000,000-25,000,000) is arguably one of the best of a series of ten works depicting the weeping willows surrounding Monets famous lily pond at Giverny, five of which reside in museum collections. Stripped of water and sky and painted with a heavily impastoed surface, the abstraction of Monets late works was a powerful influence on a generation of American abstract expressionist artists. A visionary approach is also seen in the allegory of Max Beckmanns political masterpiece Birds Hell (Hölle der Vögel) (1937-1938, estimate on request), a searing indictment of the Nazi Party and a personal outpouring of anguish akin to Picassos Guernica (1937), while Egon Schieles Einzelne Häuser (Häuser mit Bergen) (1915, estimate: £20,000,000-30,000,000) is a cityscape used to convey human emotion, expressing the duality of life and decay, nature and humanity. Vincent van Goghs Le moissonneur (1889, estimate £12,500,000-16,500,000) is one of a series of ten works executed after Jean-François Millets Les travaux des champs seven of which are in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam described by his brother Theo as perhaps the finest things youve done. Pablo Picassos Femme écrivant (Marie-Thérèse) (1934, estimate: £25,000,000-40,000,000) completes the group of masterpieces from the June sale and is a radiant and intimate portrait that epitomises one of the finest periods of the artists career. It represents the pinnacle of the artists portrayals of one of his most celebrated muses.
Further highlights include Modiglianis Cariatide (1913, estimate: £6,000,000-9,000,000), which stands as an intriguing crossover work, straddling the boundary between Modiglianis two principal creative impulses of painting and sculpture. Following the success of Februarys sale of works from the Heidi Weber Museum Collection by Le Corbusier, Mains croisées sur la tête (1939-40, estimate: £1,200,000-2,000,000) is a painting that has a strong dialogue with the symbolic portraiture of Picasso. Hannah Höchs Frau und Saturn (1922, estimate: £400,000-600,000) is an intimate autobiographical work, created during a period of intense turmoil and upheaval in the artists personal life and is one of the most significant works by Höch to come up at auction. The Evening Sale is followed by the Impressionist & Modern Works on Paper sale, which takes place on 28 June, and the Impressionist & Modern Art Day Sale, also on 28 June at King Street. The online-only sale Impressionist & Modern Art is open for bidding from 19 to 29 June and Picasso Ceramics is live from 20 to 30 June 2017. All of the work will be exhibited in London from 17 to 30 June 2017.
Painted between 1918 and 1919, Saule pleureur is one of a series of ten monumental and powerfully emotive paintings, each of which depict one of the majestic weeping willow trees that lined Monets famed waterlily pond at his home in Giverny. Following the death of the artists eldest son, in 1914, Monet had been working with a fearsome resolve on what came to be known as his Grandes décorations. Born from an earlier idea to create an immersive decorative scheme based on his waterlily paintings, this ambitious, all-consuming and ground-breaking project consisted of paintings on a scale never before seen in the artists career. The formidable verticality of the weeping willow series has come to represent the artists resolve and patriotic fervour at the conclusion of the First World War.
Birds Hell (Hölle der Vögel) is an allegory of Nazi Germany. It is a direct attack on the cruelty and conformity that the National Socialist seizure of power brought to Beckmanns homeland. Its place in Beckmanns oeuvre corresponds to that occupied by Guernica in Picassos artistic development. It is an outcry as loud and as strident as an artistic Weltanschauung would permit. Not since his graphic attacks in Hunger and City Night in the early twenties had Beckmann resorted to such directness, such undisguised social criticism. Birds Hell is Beckmanns Jaccuse (S. Lackner, Max Beckmann, New York, 1977, p. 130).
Painted on 26 March 1934, Femme écrivant (Marie-Thérèse) (illustrated, page one) dates from the pinnacle of Marie-Thérèses supreme reign in Picassos art. 1934 was a particularly prolific year for Picasso and was the final period that the pair spent wrapped in the uninterrupted bliss of their love. While Marie-Thérèse most often appears as a sensuously reclining, somnolent nude or a stylised vision enthroned in a chair, a passive object of adoration, in the present work Picasso has depicted her in an upright, active state, engaged in the act of writing a letter a common form of exchange that Marie-Thérèse and the artist used to express their affection amidst the secrecy of their relationship.
Executed in 1913, Cariatide is a rare example of Amedeo Modiglianis painterly practice during this early period of his artistic career, in which he focused primarily on sculpture. One of only a handful of oil paintings which explore the form of a sculpted caryatid, the present work illustrates the complex working process that lay behind each of the artists three-dimensional projects in stone. Creating countless drawings and sketches before ever taking his hammer to a block, these studies offered Modigliani a forum in which to experiment and visualise the ideas that swirled around his head, before translating them into sculptural form.
Painted at Saint-Rémy in September 1889 at a critical moment in the penultimate year of Vincent van Goghs life, Le moissonneur (daprès Millet) pays homage to the artist whom he most admired and respected: Jean-François Millet. Charged with intense colour and electrifying brushwork, this painting dates from the beginning of one of the most prolific periods of Van Goghs career, a stage that saw an almost miraculous outpouring of work in the midst of the artists episodic yet ever-increasing mental breakdowns that punctuated the final years of his life.
Painted in 1939 and completed a year later, Le Corbusiers Mains croisées sur la tête marked a new direction in the artists plastic oeuvre. Standing at a metre high, this large painting presents a glorious kaleidoscopic array of bright, radiant colours in the middle of which a heavily stylised mask-like face emerges. This is the first of a series of works in which Le Corbusier explored both the physiognomy of the human face as well as the complex psychological nuances that lay behind his conception of the human form.
Painted in 1922, Frau und Saturn focuses on a trio of otherworldly, mystical figures, and may be seen as a personal reflection on the tumultuous romance Hannah Höch shared with fellow Dada artist, Raoul Hausmann, which had ended the same year as the paintings creation. Höch took the difficult decision to terminate two pregnancies during their time together and it is this internal conflict, this unfulfilled wish to have a child, which shapes Frau und Saturn. At the heart of the composition sits the glowing, red figure of a woman cradling a young child, an imaginary self-portrait of the artist, caught in a moment of intimacy as she touches her cheek against the babys head, while behind her the menacing figure of Hausmann emerges glowering from the dark shadows of the background.
Einzelne Häuser (Häuser mit Bergen) is one of the finest of Egon Schieles great series of psychological landscapes painted in 1915. Depicting an isolated group of distinctly weather-worn houses huddled together against a bleak, open landscape, the painting is one of a magnificent series of landscape visions that articulate a mood of existential melancholy and rank amongst the very best of Schieles works. Please see the press release that discusses Schiele and Van Goghs work