The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Monday, July 22, 2019


"1917: How One Year Changed the World" opens at the National Museum of American Jewish History
Leslie's Weekly with illustration, "I Want You For The U.S. Army,” February 15, 1917.


PHILADELPHIA, PA.- The National Museum of AmericanImage Jewish History will debut the special exhibition 1917: How One Year Changed the World from March 17 through July 16, 2017. The exhibition looks back 100 years to explore how three key events of 1917—America’s entry into World War I, the Bolshevik Revolution, and the issuing of the Balfour Declaration, in which Great Britain indicated support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine—brought about political, cultural, and social changes that dramatically reshaped the United States’ role in the world and provoked its most stringent immigration quotas to date. The exhibition examines this consequential year through the eyes of American Jews, who experienced these events both as Americans and as part of an international diaspora community. Following its run at NMAJH, 1917 will be on view in New York at the American Jewish Historical Society, September 1 – December 29, 2017.

“The conflicts and consequences of 1917 are often overshadowed by later events, but they determined so much about the world as well as American and Jewish experiences thereafter,” says Josh Perelman, NMAJH’s Chief Curator and Director of Exhibitions & Collections. “While the exhibition is anchored in the past, it has powerful relevance to contemporary issues we are facing today, as a nation and as individuals.”

ImageThrough nearly 125 artifacts—including uniforms, letters, photographs, and posters—as well as films, music, and interactive media, 1917 takes visitors on a journey into WWI trenches, revolutionary Russia, and debates over the future of Britain’s colonial empire in the Middle East. The public has the rare opportunity to view two original drafts of the Balfour Declaration, never before exhibited in the U.S. Other highlights include a decoded copy of the Zimmermann Telegram, which helped propel the U.S. into WWI; a 1919 copy of the Treaty of Versailles, the agreement ending the war; an Uncle Sam costume, likely used during patriotic wartime events; and the Medal of Honor posthumously awarded to Jewish WWI soldier William Shemin in 2015. Visitors will also see Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis’s judicial robes and chair nameplate, a postcard written by a young Golda Meir describing the American Jewish Congress in Philadelphia, and a letter from the newly formed Soviet government’s Commissar of Foreign Affairs Leon Trotsky, constituting the U.S.’s first formal notification of the establishment of the Soviet Union. The exhibition concludes with a page from the original Johnson-Reed Act of 1924, an act to “Limit Immigration of Aliens into the United States for Other Purposes.”

Before the United States entered World War I on April 6, 1917, Americans Image
debated whether the U.S. should join the conflict. Jews anguished over the security of European Jewish communities while also coping with growing intolerance of ethnic minorities at home. Nearly 250,000 Jews eventually served in the armed forces during WWI, including composer Irving Berlin, Corporal Eva Davidson, and posthumous Medal of Honor recipient William Shemin. While many immigrant communities expressed their patriotism in the Armed Forces and on the home front, they still faced a political climate of increasing prejudice and suspicion.

The Bolshevik Revolution of October 1917, a bloodless coup, not only made the utopian ideal of a global revolution appear possible, but also held out a brief hope that the Tsar’s antisemitic regime would be swept away and freedom would come to the world’s largest Jewish community. Some Americans, both Jews and non-Jews, saw this as an exhilarating opportunity while others viewed it as a terrifying danger. Socialism’s advocacy of civil rights and tolerance of ethnic and racial minorities appealed to Jews. At the same time, the Bolshevik Revolution prompted “red scares” and unleashed forces of intolerance toward immigrants and minority groups across the globe, and particularly in the U.S.

Like many ethnic Americans, Jews hoped the war would bring liberation to their brethren abroad. Issued by Britain on November 2, 1917, the Balfour Declaration announced Britain’s favorable view of a Jewish home in Palestine. It recognized Jewish nationalism (Zionism) as a legitimate political movement, although it did little to address competing Arab and Jewish claims to the land. The ensuing pattern of contradictions and deceptions on the part of European powers seeking to retain their colonial empires, and Britain in particular, has been interpreted in many different ways during the last century. But it is clear that Arabs and Jews became embroiled in a chronic state of conflict over territory in the Middle East. In the U.S., leaders like Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis voiced support for Zionism, declaring that “there is no inconsistency between loyalty to America and loyalty to Jewry,” while others expressed ambivalence over what it meant to support a nationalist project outside of the U.S. Moreover, the Balfour Declaration had influence outside the Jewish community, capturing the attention of African American nationalist Marcus Garvey, who saw in Zionism a model for black nationalism.

These three events, the reactions that they triggered, and the conflicts they engendered set the stage for American policies throughout the 20th century and into the present. Beginning with the Immigration Act of 1917, the American government adopted increasingly strict laws limiting who could enter the country. This culminated with the Johnson-Reed Act of 1924, which imposed strict immigration quotas and ended a remarkable period of immigration in American history. This legislation, coupled with intolerance of foreigners and rising antisemitism, changed America’s relationship with the world and severely hampered Jews’ efforts to escape Nazi Germany little more than a decade later.





Today's News

March 17, 2017

Priceless Van Goghs or just plain art? Works sent to museum for authentication

Christie's pulls Iraq painting from Dubai auction over ownership row

Trump budget 'cripples' environment, arts, science, critics say

LIDL Works and Performances from the 60s by Jörg Immendorff on view at Michael Werner Gallery

Ai Weiwei slams 'shameful' politicians ignoring refugees

Sotheby's Asia Week New York sales achieve $47.9 million thus far

A joint letter from Boston art museum directors

Hendrikje Crebolder joins the Board of Directors of the Rijksmuseum

German sculptor Alf Lechner dies at the age of 91

Art Basel and Google Arts & Culture to collaborate on virtual reality project for Hong Kong show

Important Chinese Art from the Fujita Museum totals $262.8 million at Christie's

"1917: How One Year Changed the World" opens at the National Museum of American Jewish History

PAFA announces appointment of Brooke Davis Anderson as Museum Director

Outstanding success for CURE³ at Bonhams

The mirror art of Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian in Chrysler Museum of Art's new glass exhibition

The Lumiere Brothers Center for Photography exhibits works by Giovanni Gastel

Indiana State Museum and Historic Sites President and CEO Tom King to retire; Successor named

FOS awarded the ARKEN Art Prize 2017

Over 20 recent and historical works by Claude and François-Xavier Lalanne on view at Paul Kasmin Gallery

Romain Mader wins Foam Paul Huf Award 2017

Dresden State Art Collections present the first survey exhibition of designer Robert Stadler

Roger Ballen's most recent and highly anticipated body of work on view at Hamiltons Gallery

Galerie Lelong exhibits"Dazzle paintings," 3-D drawings, and photographs by Jane Hammond

Six contemporary artists respond to a vast astrological medical archive

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Original 'Star Wars' creators lift lid on special effects challenges

2.- Lost '$170 million Caravaggio' snapped up before French auction

3.- Mansell's 'Red Five' on pole for Bonhams sale

4.- Impressionism's 'forgotten woman' shines in new Paris show

5.- Sotheby's to auction the best-surviving NASA videotape recordings of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing

6.- Exhibition explores Dutch and Spanish painting of the 16th and 17th centuries

7.- Cyprus discovers 'first undisturbed Roman shipwreck'

8.- Sotheby's unveils 'Treasures from Chatsworth' with Leonardo Da Vinci drawing, Lucian Freud portraits, and more

9.- Infamous botched art restoration in Spain gets makeover

10.- 1958 Gibson Flying V Korina played by Dave Davies to grab center stage in Heritage Auctions' sale



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez


Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org avemariasound.org juncodelavega.com facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful