ST. LOUIS, MO.-
A kiss. A punch. A body braced for impact. The paintings of Rosalyn Drexler exude uncanny stillness, anticipation and, frequently, the dread of imminent violence. Moments of intimacy and conflict are frozen, sliced and readied for examination excerpts from narratives whose conclusions can only be guessed.
The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum
at Washington University in St. Louis is presenting Rosalyn Drexler: Who Does She Think She Is?, the first full-career retrospective for the multitalented artist. Surveying six decades of work, the exhibition features major paintings and collages alongside rarely seen early sculptures. Also included are books, photographs and other materials documenting Drexlers wide-ranging and colorful career as a novelist, playwright and briefly professional wrestler.
Born in the Bronx in 1926, the self-trained Drexler began creating brightly hued sculptural assemblages in the mid-1950s. She received critical praise for her first solo exhibition, at New Yorks short-lived but influential Reuben Gallery, which also showcased such experimental artists as Claes Oldenburg, Allan Kaprow and Lucas Samaras. But, in 1961, the gallery closed and Drexler, watching as male colleagues secured representation elsewhere, turned her attention to painting a practice she would continue intermittently until the present day.
Drexler appropriated figures and subjects from a wide variety of popular sources, especially print media and film. Indeed, her use of cinematic imagery would anticipate the work of Pictures Generation artists such as Sarah Charlesworth and Robert Longo. Yet Drexlers work also emphasized a sense of material and physicality. Rather than project and trace images onto canvas, as would some of her Pop Art contemporaries, several of whom had commercial backgrounds, Drexler cropped, enlarged, printed and collaged her source material, then applied acrylics on top. This method allowed Drexler to envelop and erase the photomechanical image while paradoxically imbuing it with a tactile sense of the artists hand.
Early works such as Lovers (1963) and Self-Portrait (1964) are striking for their electric palettes and critical exploration of gender roles. Embrace (1964) and Love in the Green Room (1963) play with Hollywood romantic conventions while Rape (1962), I Wont Hurt You (1964) and Put it This Way (1963) the latter of which depicts a woman recoiling from a mans slap expose undercurrents of abuse and domestic violence pervasive in popular media. Yet Drexler also captures moments of strength and defiance. In Self-Defense (1963), an armed woman knees her presumed attacker to the floor while The Winner (1965) raises her arms in triumph.
Works such as Sorry About That (1966), Lear Executive (1967) and Decked Him (1991) subvert and critique the iconography of male authority and power. With their liquid blacks and acid yellow backgrounds, The Syndicate (1964) and Nuclear Blast/Amusement Park (1998) are twin studies in malevolent ambiguity. This is My Hell (2013), one of Drexlers most recent works, depicts a woman hoisted aloft by two dark-suited men, their heads framed by licks of fire, who seem to carry her toward the flames.
Drexlers paintings can be found in the collections of the Whitney Museum of American Art, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden and Walker Art Center, among others.
In addition, she won the first of three Obie Awards for her one-act musical Home Movies (with music by Al Carmines), which premiered at the Judson Poets Theater in 1964. For several months in 1950, she toured the United States as part of the womens wrestling circuit, performing as Rosa Carlo, the Mexican Spitfire an experience that later inspired her novel To Smithereens (1972), as well as Andy Warhols series of silkscreen portraits Album of a Mat Queen (1962).
Drexlers other novels include I Am the Beautiful Stranger (1965), One or Another (1970), Art Does (Not!) Exist (1996) and Vulgar Lives (2007). In addition, she has published five novels under the pseudonym Julia Sorel, including a novelization of the film Rocky (1976), and she was part of the team of writers who received an Emmy award in 1974 for Lily Tomlins television special Lily.