LONDON.- Dulwich Picture Gallery
presents the first major monographic exhibition of work by Vanessa Bell (1879-1961). Widely acclaimed as a central figure of the Bloomsbury Group, Bell also stands on her own as a pivotal player in 20th century British art, inventing a new language of visual expression.
Arranged thematically, the exhibition reveals Bells pioneering work in the genres of portraiture, still life and landscape and will explore her fluid movement between the fine and applied arts, focusing attention on her most distinctive period of experimentation in the 1910s. Approximately 100 oil paintings as well as fabrics, works on paper, photographs and related archival material deliver Bell in full force, boldly experimenting with abstraction, colour and form while developing her own distinctive way of seeing the world.
Bells reputation as an artist has been habitually overshadowed by a preoccupation with her family life and romantic entanglements. She has often been seen in a supporting role to her sister, Virginia Woolf, as wife to the noted art critic, Clive Bell and as muse and confidante to her lovers, friends and fellow artists such as Roger Fry and Duncan Grant. The exhibition presents Bell for fresh consideration as an artist on her own terms, charting her move from the refined Impressionism of her early training to a more radical, experimental style stimulated by her many visits to Paris and by the post-Impressionist exhibitions held in London in 1910 and 1912.
"Unconventional in her approach to both art and life, Bell's art embodies many of the progressive ideas that we still are grappling with today, expressing new ideas about gender roles, sexuality, personal freedom, pacifism, social and class mores and the open embrace of non-British cultures. This is the perfect moment in which to re-evaluate Bloomsbury, and Bells legacy within it, and we look forward to affirming her importance to a contemporary audience." - Sarah Milroy, Exhibition Curator
Bells artistic training was rich and wide-ranging. She studied under varied teachers, including Arthur Cope, Henry Tonks and John Singer Sargent, attending classes at both the Royal Academy and the Slade School, and received emboldening encouragement from the influential painter, Walter Sickert. She pioneered a new, modern vision in British art, in which meaning and emotion were conveyed through the deployment of what her husband, Clive Bell, described as significant form: the arrangement of shapes, colour and line to capture and convey the sensations and emotions of human experience.
Bells portraits are intense with bold colour, her sitters anchored in space in adventurous ways. The genres of still life and landscape were likewise daringly revamped, as Bell incorporated Fauvism and Cubism into her evolving vision. One of the first artists in Britain to experiment with abstraction, in 1914, Bell soon returned to figuration, but incorporated her strengthened understanding of composition and colour into her later work, which featured daring new ways of seeing and picturing the female subject.
No British artist of Bells generation so instinctively understood and reflected the radical new artistic developments unfolding in Paris. Her resolute de-skilling, her vibrant embrace of colour, the sheer brutality of her brushstrokes as if hacking at the canvas with the brush and her bold rejection of traditional notions of the beautiful, are truly brave and can astonish even today." - Ian A C Dejardin, Co-curator and Sackler Director of Dulwich Picture Gallery.
The exhibition opens with a display of portraits, considered by many to be Bells most accomplished works, including paintings of her sister Virginia Woolf, the writer Lytton Strachey, the poet Iris Tree, art critic and art historian Roger Fry, and Bells own self-portrait from the collection of the Yale Centre for British Art.
It goes on to cast light on Bell as innovative homemaker and bohemian mother, breaking free of the repressive Victorian standards in which she was raised. At her farmhouse at Charleston, East Sussex, home was reimagined by Bell as a place of freedom and unbridled creativity, rather than conformity and constraint. Focus is also being given to her experimentation within the decorative arts, specifically her work with the Omega Workshop, with a display of her designs for interiors, fabrics and furnishings.
Bells pioneering evocation of the female subject is being explored in the final room, which highlights her complex and ground-breaking vision of modern womanhood. Landmark works such as the Tents and Figures (1913, Victoria and Albert Museum) and Studland Beach (c.1912, Tate) are presented in the context of related works, allowing for a deeper understanding of these classic modern masterpieces. The exhibition also includes two of Bells remarkable self-portraits, demonstrating her sense of herself as an artistic force to be reckoned with, even in her final years.
The exhibition is curated by Canadian writer and curator Sarah Milroy, and Ian Dejardin, The Sackler Director of Dulwich Picture Gallery. Loans have been secured from a number of British and US private lenders, as well as a wide range of institutions, including Tate, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, National Portrait Gallery, The Charleston Trust and Yale Center for British Art. An extensive full colour catalogue accompanies the exhibition, with essays by a host of established Bell scholars and emerging voices.
Vanessa Bell continues Dulwich Picture Gallerys ongoing series of exhibitions dedicated to Modern British art, providing greater insights into significant yet often undervalued artists.