HONG KONG.- Lehmann Maupin
is presenting the desire of the other, an exhibition of new work by Mickalene Thomas. An internationally recognized artist based in New York, Thomas is best known for her large-scale paintings combining art historical, political, and pop cultural references to explore the contemporary female form. Blurring the distinction between object and subject, concrete and abstract, real and imaginary, Thomas introduces complex notions of femininity, sexuality, class, and power. Through an exploration of artifice, she also challenges common definitions of beauty and historical and artistic representations of women. For her first exhibition in China, Thomas presents a series of recent paintings and works on paper that highlight her varied use of media, including oil and acrylic paint, enamel, silkscreen, rhinestones, and collage.
Thomas often draws inspiration from multiple artistic periods and cultural influences found throughout Western art history, particularly the early modernists such as Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Edouard Manet, and Romare Bearden. She models her figures on the classic poses and abstract settings popularized by these modern masters as a way to reclaim agency for women who have been presented as objects to be desired or subjugated. Though Thomas draws from a number of time periods and genres, her use of pattern and domestic spaces often references periods throughout the 1960s-80s. This was a time of immense social and political conflict, change, and transformationthe civil rights movement, the Black is Beautiful movement, and the second wave of feminismduring which many women, particularly African-Americans, rejected and redefined traditional standards of beauty.
In the desire of the other, Thomas presents both figurative and abstract portraits of women. The works feature her muses in three-quarter portraits and a single large-scale reclined figure. Each one examines how identity, gender, and sense of self are informed by the ways women are represented in art and popular culture. The rhinestonesthe artists signature material and a symbol of femininitygive an added layer of meaning and a metaphor of artifice, as well as an art historical nod to the 19th century technique of Pointillism, in which small distinct dots of color were used to create an image. Thomas uses rhinestones as a way to shade and accentuate specific elements of each paintingoften her subjects lips, nails, and hairwhile subtly confronting our assumptions about what is feminine and what defines women.
In addition to these more traditional works, Thomas has recently embarked on a series of fully abstracted portraits composed entirely of shape, color, and line, with little reference to a gendered or racial body. The works are reduced to geometric forms and bright pops of color that signify lips, noses, eyes, and other facial features appearing to float in space. They recall 20th-century Cubist work by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who split from the figurative traditions in art making by using collage to fracture the picture plane and create abstract depictions of reality. Collage is a crucial component of Thomas practiceshe uses it to continue expanding the possibilities of representation while renegotiating the objectification of women.
The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles is currently presenting Mickalene Thomas: Do I Look Like a Lady?, a solo exhibition of a recent video installation and silkscreen paintings, running through February 6, 2017.
Mickalene Thomas (b. 1971, Camden, NJ; lives and works in New York) earned an MFA in painting at the Yale University School of Art, New Haven, CT in 2002 and a BFA in painting at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn in 2000. From 2000-03, the artist participated in a residency at the Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, and in 2011, a residency at the Versailles Foundation Munn Artists Program, Giverny, France. Solo exhibitions of her work have been organized at the Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, CO (2016); Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (2016); Aperture Foundation, New York (2016); George Eastman House, Rochester, NY (2014); Brooklyn Museum, New York (2012-13); Santa Monica Museum of Art (2012); Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston (2012); Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (2011); and La Conservera Contemporary Art Centre, Ceuti, Spain (2009). Select group exhibitions featuring her work have included SHE: International Women Artists, Long Museum, Shanghai (2016); No Mans Land: Women Artists from the Rubell Family Collection, Rubell Family Collection, Miami (2015); Americans Now, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C. (2010); 30 Americans, first exhibited at the Corcoran Gallery, Washington, DC (2011), and which later traveled to numerous museums in the United States. Her work is in numerous international public and private collections including The Museum of Modern Art, New York; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Art Institute of Chicago; MoMA PS1, New York; Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York; Studio Museum in Harlem, New York; Yale University Art Collection, New Haven, CT; and Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo.