The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Thursday, July 18, 2019


Earliest 10 Commandments tablet slated for Heritage Auctions
Earliest 10 Commandments Stone.


BEVERLY HILLS, CA.- The world's earliest-known stone inscription of the 10 Commandments — one of the most important documents in history, and a "national treasure" of Israel — will be offered Nov. 16, 2016 by Heritage Auctions in the Properties of the Living Torah Museum Auction in Beverly Hills, California. The tablet is the centerpiece of an offering of Bible-related historical artifacts, all thoroughly researched and authenticated, owned by the Living Torah Museum in Brooklyn, New York. The tablet has an opening bid of $250,000.

"There is nothing more fundamental to our shared heritage than the 10 Commandments," said David Michaels, Director of Antiquities for Heritage Auctions, "and Heritage Auctions is honored and privileged to be entrusted with the sale of this remarkable piece of Biblical history. We thank the Living Torah Museum and its creator, Rabbi Saul Deutsch, for this opportunity."

The two-foot-square marble slab, inscribed in an early Hebrew script called Samaritan, likely adorned the entrance of a synagogue destroyed by the Romans between AD 400 and 600, or by the Crusaders in the 11th century, Michaels said.

The slab of white marble, weighing about 200 pounds, is chiseled with 20 lines of letters in Samaritan script, derived jointly from Hebrew and Aramaic. After an introductory dedication and invocation, it lists nine of the 10 commonly known Biblical Commandments from the Book of Exodus, omitting "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain" (King James translation), and adding one commonly employed by the Samaritan sect exhorting worshippers to "raise up a temple" on Mount Gerizim, the holy mountain of the Samaritans, located near the West Bank city of Nablus.

Potential bidders are required to agree to place the object on public exhibition, as per a stipulation by the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), which has designated the piece a "National Treasure" of Israel.

While Dead Sea Scrolls dated to the 1st century B.C. contain written examples of the 10 Commandments on parchment and papyrus, the earliest stone inscriptions of the Biblical law code are found in the so-called "Samaritan Decalogues" dating to the early centuries AD, of which there are four known examples including the Living Torah example, Michaels said. All of the other examples are fragmentary and are now in museum collections or at protected sites in the Middle East. "The Living Torah example is among the earliest of these Decalogues, and certainly the most complete," Michaels noted. "It is also the only example that can be legally obtained for private ownership."

Samaria, a mountainous region north of Jerusalem, was in Biblical times home to an offshoot sect of Judaism whose worshippers were often denounced by traditional Jews. "The Samaritans are widely known to Christians through the parable of the Good Samaritan," said Michaels. "Their sect has endured through the centuries alongside traditional Jews, Pagans, Christians, and Muslims, so the 10 Commandments Stone is uniquely important to many different faiths and cultures."

Based on the letter forms studied by scholars, the stone was probably carved in the late Roman or Byzantine era, circa AD 300-500, to adorn the entrance or worship space of a synagogue in or around the modern city of Yavneh, now in western Israel. The synagogue was probably destroyed when the Samaritan sect was heavily suppressed by the Romans in the mid-400s, by the Byzantines in the 500s, or by the Muslims or Crusaders up to the 12th century AD.

The rediscovery of the 10 Commandments Stone was first related in a 1947 article in a scholarly journal written jointly by a Mr. Y. Kaplan, the stone's then-owner, and Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, later President of Israel (1952-1963) and a noted archeologist specializing in ancient texts. It was first uncovered in 1913 during excavations for a railroad station near Yavneh, and was acquired by an Arab man who set it in the floor of his courtyard. Over many years, foot traffic wore down some of the letters at the center of the slab, although the forms are still discernable.

In 1943, it was acquired by Mr. Kaplan, who brought in Dr. Ben-Zvi and other scholars to study it. Noted antiquities dealer Robert Deutsch acquired the piece in the 1990s, and Rabbi Saul Deutsch obtained it for his Living Torah Museum in Brooklyn, NY in 2005. It has been the centerpiece of the Museum's collection since then and was subsequently published in Biblical Archaeology Review magazine and other publications.

Although considered a "National Treasure" of Israel, the Israeli Antiquities Authority (IAA) approved export of the piece the United States in 2005 on the condition that it be displayed in a public museum, a condition that still pertains, Michaels said. "We seek either an institutional buyer or a private one who will agree to exhibit the 10 Commandments Stone so that all can see, enjoy and learn from it," Michaels said.

"Property Of the Living Torah Museum" will include at least 50 other artifacts from the museum's collection, including a nine-spouted ceramic oil lamp dated to the first century AD that is regarded by some experts as the earliest known first Hanukkah menorah, Michaels said. "Most of these objects date to Biblical times and have particular relevance to the Old and New Testaments," he noted. "All have been researched, vetted, and carry the appropriate provenance and export paperwork. Anyone with an interest in Jewish, Christian, or Classical history will find something in this sale."

The Living Torah Museum, 1601 41st Street in Brooklyn, NY, is a unique "hands on" facility that brings people of all faiths into direct contact with Biblical times, said Rabbi Saul Deutsch, the museum's founder and operator.

"People of all ages, young people especially, can come to our museum and actually touch objects that might have been handled by the Prophets and the earliest Jews and Christians," Michaels added. Proceeds from the November 16 auction will be used to expand and upgrade museum facilities, Deutsch said, including construction of a full-scale replica of the original Tabernacle in Solomon's temple.

Exhibitions of the 10 Commandments Stone and other artifacts will be held in Heritage's offices in Dallas, New York, and Beverly Hills in October and November. Special viewings can be arranged by appointment.





Today's News

October 25, 2016

Funding drive for Wizard of Oz slippers soars over the rainbow to more than $300,000

TEFAF New York Fall 2016 opens to rave review and record crowds

Earliest 10 Commandments tablet slated for Heritage Auctions

Big data reveals mixed authorship in 17 Shakespeare plays

Exhibition illuminates Syria's contributions to world heritage

First Egyptian animal mummy exhibition opens at World Museum

The Fauves: Passion for Colour" opens at Fundacion MAPFRE

Exhibition explores faith and culture in South America during the colonial period

Gold coin from boy's treasure box identified as extreme rarity minted from seized-circa 1702 Spanish booty

Diego Rivera's Portrait of Marevna to lead Phillips' auction of Latin American Art

Christie's Prints & Multiples sale features an exceptional private collection of Surrealist masterworks

The Partridge Family animated artwork collection by legendary artist Sandy Dvore to be auctioned

Museum Director Nathalie Bondil named Officier des arts et des lettres of France

"Hot, Hotter, Hottest: 300 Years of New Jersey Ceramics" on view at the Newark Museum

"Trailblazers: Women in the Arts" event held at the Brooklyn Museum

Sotheby's S/2 presents its first Los Angeles exhibition featuring works by British artist Danny Fox

Seattle Art Museum hires Geneva Griswold as Associate Objects Conservator

Chinese Pop artist Jacky Tsai explores China's conflicting identity in new exhibition

Art of Bugatti exhibit opens at the Petersen Automotive Museum

"Yves Saint Laurent: The Perfection of Style" opens at Seattle Art Museum

Phillips announces first Sale of 20th Century & Contemporary Art & Design in Asia

The Burrell Collection brings rare works by Joseph Crawhall to Kelvingrove

Tabanlioğ lu Architects and Aqua Creations collaborate for Thru

Cheech Marin celebrates Richard Duardo and Chicano art at Cal State LA

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Original 'Star Wars' creators lift lid on special effects challenges

2.- Lost '$170 million Caravaggio' snapped up before French auction

3.- Mansell's 'Red Five' on pole for Bonhams sale

4.- Impressionism's 'forgotten woman' shines in new Paris show

5.- Sotheby's to auction the best-surviving NASA videotape recordings of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing

6.- Exhibition explores Dutch and Spanish painting of the 16th and 17th centuries

7.- Cyprus discovers 'first undisturbed Roman shipwreck'

8.- Sotheby's unveils 'Treasures from Chatsworth' with Leonardo Da Vinci drawing, Lucian Freud portraits, and more

9.- Infamous botched art restoration in Spain gets makeover

10.- 1958 Gibson Flying V Korina played by Dave Davies to grab center stage in Heritage Auctions' sale



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez


Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org avemariasound.org juncodelavega.com facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful