The extraordinary collaboration between avant-garde gallerist Richard Demarco (b. 1930) and the innovative and inspirational German post-war artist Joseph Beuys (1921-86) is being explored in an unprecedented and comprehensive new display at the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art
Richard Demarco and Joseph Beuys: A Unique Partnership examines the works, lectures and the unique styles of performances called actions (which the artist invented) that Demarco commissioned from Beuys, from 1970 until the latters death in 1986.
Photography, film and original correspondence drawn from the Demarco Archive, acquired by the Gallery in the mid-1990s, illuminate how Beuys relationships with both Scotland and Demarco proved to be a huge influence on the German artists work.
Film footage of Beuys performances on Rannoch Moor and in Edinburghs Forresthill Poorhouse brings an important aspect of Scotlands art history back to life. The display also focuses on the ground-breaking Strategy: Get Arts exhibition that Demarco organised at the Edinburgh College of Art in 1970.
Richard Demarco recognized the visionary quality of Beuys work and visited him in the Oberkassel district of Düsseldorf in January 1970. Determined to focus Beuys attention on Scotland, he presented him with a set of postcards. Beuys responded with the Shakespearean line, I see the land of Macbeth, so when shall we two meet again, in thunder, lightning or in rain?
Later that year, they reunited in Edinburgh and Demarco led him northwards along the ancient track he calls The Road to Meikle Seggie, Demarcos invented description of a physical or metaphysical journey. This initial experience of the Scottish landscape inspired Beuys and laid the foundation for their remarkable sixteen year-long artistic relationship.
In 1970, Beuys exhibited three works in the Strategy: Get Arts exhibition. The show also included exciting new work from artists with links with the Düsseldorf Art Academy, including pieces by Gerhard Richter, Blinky Palermo and Günther Uecker.
However, it was Beuys works which stood out and captured the publics imagination, namely his now-iconic sculpture The Pack (1969). The work consisted of a VW bus, out of the back of which poured rows of sledges, each equipped with a survivor pack of a roll of felt, a torch and a lump of fat. Beuys sculpture Sled (1969), which recreates one of the sledges used in the original piece, will be on display.
After Beuys had worked with neo-dada Fluxus artists in the Rhineland, Beuys developed his unique style of performance which he called actions in the early 1960s. The Fluxus artists had attempted to break down the barriers between the arts and between art and life, by mixing together visual art, with music, acting, sound and installations of real objects. Beuys took this a step further and created a sort of performance dominated by his mesmeric personality and ability to make the spaces he performed in sacred.
The 1970 show also included one of the actions, Celtic (Kinloch Rannoch) Scottish Symphony, created with the composer Henning Christiansen. Filmed footage and a striking display of photographs taken of the event are on show alongside a replica of Christiansens instrument, Green Violin (1974).
The Keiller Librarys supplementary display contains an assortment of photographs, news cuttings, scrapbooks, ephemera and original correspondence, all pertaining to the 1970 art college exhibition. Original correspondence between Demarco and Beuys, as well as artists featuring in the 1970 exhibit such as Richter and Uecker, illuminates the type of relationship Demarco had with these artists, and the respect they held for him.
Beuys was invited back by Demarco on numerous occasions to perform actions including Three Pots for the Poorhouse (1974), captured on film and through photographic images in a dilapidated Edinburgh Poorhouse. Both media are shown alongside the action-object made at the time, comprised of two blackboards with chalk drawings and three cast-iron pots linked by a cord.
Thanks to Demarcos invitations, Beuys also taught, gave lectures, and made works in Edinburgh, most notably A New Beginning is in the Offing (1981). A powerful image of Beuys emerging from the old Poorhouse doors during the Black and White Oil Conference in 1974 shows the significance of the doors which became the work. This work was later installed at Inverleith House in 1981, at which point Beuys added a red light bulb under the doors.
This example is one of the many ways in which Demarcos influence impacted on Beuys work, and encouraged him to explore the importance of the Celtic world, not only in Scotland but in Ireland and elsewhere in Europe.
A Unique Partnership coincides with Modern Twos new major summer exhibition ARTIST ROOMS: Joseph Beuys A Language of Drawing, which for the first time brings together the extraordinary group of over 110 Beuys drawings held in the ARTIST ROOMS collection.
Simon Groom, Director of the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, said: This comprehensive display is a wonderful complement to the Gallerys exhibition of extraordinary drawings by Joseph Beuys, ARTIST ROOMS: A Language of Drawing. On the 30th anniversary of Beuys death, the original photographs, letters, and unique documentation shed new light on Beuyss activity in Scotland, the significance of his relationship with Demarco, and the artworks it directly inspired.