In its first large-scale exhibition devoted exclusively to the graphic arts, the Seattle Art Museum
presents Graphic Masters: Dürer, Rembrandt, Hogarth, Goya, Picasso, R. Crumb (June 9August 28, 2016). Featuring over 400 works by some of historys greatest printmakers, the exhibition offers an in-depth exploration of the more than 500-year history and process of printmaking.
Requiring less costly materials than painting or sculpture, printmaking gave artists the freedom to experiment, push boundaries, and express their own views with a much larger audience. The reproductive medium also gave rise to the popularity of the serial form; the several print series presented in this exhibition represent milestones of that form. From underground comic legend R. Crumbs masterwork The Book of Genesis to Francisco Goyas entire influential Los Caprichos print series to Pablo Picassos important Vollard Suite etchings, the prints and drawings in the exhibition not only highlight some of the finest examples of the artists work in the print medium, but also offer fresh perspectives on these exceptional artists.
This exhibition is about how great artists tell stories through images and wordsoften together, says Chiyo Ishikawa, Susan Brotman Deputy Director for Art and Curator of European Painting and Sculpture. These works are some of the greatest artworks ever made, and yet their light sensitivity means that they often stay in storage. Its a very rare treat to see these works presented together.
A free booklet illustrated by Seattle artist Tim Marsden highlights the printmaking techniques on display in the exhibition, giving visitors an insight into these complicated processesand the deftness these artists brought to the medium.
Albrecht Dürer, German
May 21, 1471 April 6, 1528
The son of a Nuremberg goldsmith, Dürer became the most accomplished German artist of the Renaissance, transforming painting, printmaking, design, and artistic theory. Durers innovative work in woodcuts turned what had been a crude form of illustration into an achingly expressive medium. On view in this exhibition are 10 of a set of 12 woodcuts from The Large Passion (1497/1510). Produced in two stages separated by 13 years, it tells the story of the last days of Jesus Christs life. Eventually issued as a publicationanother example of Durers pioneering innovationsit set a new standard for the fine woodcut.
Rembrandt van Rijn, Dutch
July 15, 1606 October4, 1669
Picasso said Every painter takes himself for Rembrandt. Everybody has the same delusions. Rembrandts oeuvre displays a disarming intimacy; deftness with forms and volumes; and ingenious use of light, shade, and line that had an enormous influence on Picasso, Goya, and innumerable other artists. Several of his beautiful etchings are on view, including Self-Portrait with Saskia (1636) and Christ Healing the Sick (The Hundred Guilder Print) (1647-49).
William Hogarth, English
November 10, 1697 October 26, 1764
Hogarth was a painter, printmaker, editorial cartoonist, and social critic. On view in this exhibition are 14 engravings from The Harlots Progress (1732) and The Rakes Progress (1735), moral progress melodramas that chart the corruption of an innocent or gullible figure in the big city. With a facility for caricature, acute observation of the telling detail, and indignation at societal inequities, these modern moral subjects are ancestors of the modern comic strip. They were immensely popular, resulting in a proliferation of cheap imitations; this piracy led Hogarth to petition Parliament to pass the Engraving Copyright Act of 1734.
Francisco Goya, Spanish
March 30, 1746 April 16, 1828
Named court painter to King Charles III and later, Charles IV, Goya painted countless portraits of the royal family and nobles. At the same time, he embarked on a radically subversive project, 80 prints called Los Caprichos (published 1799). The entire series of printsvariously using etching, aquatint, drypoint, and burinwill be on view. The prints and their enigmatic captions are often lacerating critiques of injusticesparticularly within the Church and aristocracywhile others are mysteriously dreamlike or nightmarish. Tied to their time and place, these utterly original works continue to inspire and humble artists to the present day.
Pablo Picasso, Spanish
October 25, 1881 April 8, 1973
In addition to groundbreaking paintings and sculptures, Picasso was a prolific printmaker. On view in this exhibition are all 100 etchings of the Vollard Suite (1930-37), commissioned by art dealer and publisher Ambroise Vollard. Unlike other series in this exhibition, the Vollard Suite has neither an explicit relationship with text nor a clear beginning or end. Some themes are treated in depth, others seem like one-offs; some are light-hearted and lyrical, others are brutally passionate. Of the more than 2500 etchings Picasso produced in his long career, the Vollard Suite is considered his most important work.
R. Crumb, American
Born August 30, 1943
A cartoonist since he was a teenager in Delaware, R. Crumb defined the underground comix world of the 1960s-70s with indelible characters such as Mr. Natural and Fritz the Cat. Crumbs choice of subject matter has won him as many detractors as fans; he has used his incredible talent to create outrageous cartoons that unashamedly lay bare personal obsessions. Unlike the other artists in this exhibition who worked in many types of media, drawing is Crumbs primary medium. On view in this exhibition are all 207 drawings from The Book of Genesis, a massive project in which he illustrated the first book of the Bible, creating a believable biblical world in comic book form.