Acting Librarian of Congress David Mao announced today the annual selection of 25 motion pictures to be named to the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress
. These films, which epitomize the diversity and richness of the nations cinematic heritage, have been identified as motion pictures that deserve to be preserved because of their cultural, historic or aesthetic importance.
"Selecting a film for the National Film Registry recognizes its importance to cinema and Americas cultural and artistic history," said Mao. "The registry is an invaluable way to advance public awareness of the richness, creativity and variety of our nations film heritage."
Under the terms of the National Film Preservation Act, each year the Librarian of Congress names to the National Film Registry 25 motion pictures that are "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant. The films must be at least 10 years old. The Librarian makes the annual registry selections after conferring with the distinguished members of the National Film Preservation Board (NFPB) and Library film staff, as well as considering thousands of public nominations. The public is urged to nominate titles for next years registry at the NFPBs website.
In addition to advising the Librarian of Congress on the annual selection of titles to the National Film Registry, the board also provides counsel on national preservation planning policy. "The National Film Preservation Board focused much of its attention this year on the recognition of photochemical film as a distinct medium. Emerging digital technologies offer many alternative opportunities, but the board encourages the preservation of film on film. Film remains the best existing archival medium and the board encourages archives and rights-holders to continue to preserve titles on film as they have done in the past," NFPB issued in a statement.
Spanning the period 1894-1997, the films named to the registry include Hollywood blockbusters, documentaries, silent movies, animation, shorts, independent and experimental motion pictures. This years selections bring the number of films in the registry to 675, which is a small fraction of the Librarys vast moving-image collection of 1.3 million items.
The 2015 registry includes such iconic movies as the 1997 film-noir crime classic "L.A. Confidential," starring Russell Crowe and Kevin Spacey; "Top Gun," the 1986 adrenaline-charged Navy drama, starring Tom Cruise and Kelly McGillis; the 1959 melodrama "Imitation of Life," starring Lana Turner; and director Ivan Reitmans 1984 horror comedy "Ghostbusters," starring Bill Murray and Dan Aykroyd.
"Making Ghostbusters was one of the great joys of my life," said Reitman. "Its an honor to know that a movie that begins with a ghost in a library, now has a spot on the shelves of the Library of Congress. Its humbling to be part of a collection of extraordinary films that I have loved all my life."
One of the more contemporary films on this years list is director Frank Darabonts 1994 movie based on a Stephen King novella. "I can think of no greater honor than for The Shawshank Redemption to be considered part of our countrys cinematic legacy," said Darabont. "I express my deepest thanks to all those who chose it for inclusion in the National Film Registry.
and most of all to the audiences who embraced our movie and have kept it alive all these years."
Also on the list of significant films is one of the earliest film recordings and the oldest surviving copyrighted motion picture, which was produced by Thomas Edisons team of inventors. Recorded in 1894, "The Sneeze" became synonymous with the invention of movies. Other films on the list that feature pioneering cinematic techniques are the 1906 "Dream of a Rarebit Fiend" and Disneys 1937 "The Old Mill."
The documentaries and shorts named to the registry include "Portrait of Jason," an exploration of a gay hustlers life in his own words; Su Friedrichs 1990 autobiographical tale about the schism between a daughter and her father, "Sink or Swim"; and "The Story of Menstruation," a 1946 Disney-produced film seen by nearly 93 million women and girls over two decades.
The silent films selected this year include "A Fool There Was" (1915), starring one of cinemas first vamps, Theda Bara; Douglas Fairbanks 1920 swashbuckler "The Mark of Zorro"; and "Humoresque," the 1920 story of the rise of a Jewish immigrant to violin virtuoso. Another addition to the list is the Spanish-language version of Dracula from 1931, which was shot concurrently with the English-speaking film starring Bela Lugosi.
In 2013, the Library of Congress released a report that conclusively determined that 70 percent of the nations silent feature films have been lost forever and only 14 percent exist in their original 35 mm format.
The Librarys National and International Outreach Service Unit (NIO) National Programs Directorate manages and provides staff support for the Library of Congress National Film Preservation Board, the National Recording Preservation Board and the National Registries for film and recorded sound. This constitutes part of NIOs broader mission to administer the public-facing programs and activities of the Library of Congress with the mission of "broadening awareness and use of the Library and its resources through outreach and external partnerships."
Many titles named to the registry have already been preserved by the copyright holder, the filmmaker or archives such as the Library of Congress, Academy Film Archive, George Eastman Museum, Museum of Modern Art or the UCLA Film and Television Archive. In cases where a selected title has not already been preserved, the Library of Congress Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conservation works to ensure that the film will be preserved by some entity and available to future generations, either through the Librarys motion-picture preservation program or through collaborative ventures with other archives, motion-picture studios and independent filmmakers. The Packard Campus is a state-of-the-art facility where the nations library acquires, preserves and provides access to the worlds largest and most comprehensive collection of films, television programs, radio broadcasts and sound recordings. It is home to more than 7 million collection items.