STOCKBRIDGE, MASS.- Norman Rockwell Museum
and South Dakota Art Museum are presenting the first major exhibition celebrating the art and legacy of American illustration master, Harvey Dunn. A brilliant and prolific illustrator of Americas Golden Age, Dunn was a prodigy of legendary artist Howard Pyle, and an admired teacher in his own right. Born on a homestead near Manchester, South Dakota, he left the farm to study at the South Dakota Agricultural College and the Art Institute of Chicago before becoming one of Pyles most accomplished studentsalong with N.C. Wyeth and Frank E. Schoonoverand eventually opened his own studios in Wilmington, Delaware, and in Leonia and Tenafly, New Jersey. Of his mentor, Dunn said, Pyles main purpose was to quicken our souls so that we might render service to the majesty of simple things.
In 1906, Dunn obtained his first advertising commission from the Keuffel and Esser Company of New York, and throughout his prodigious career, he created painterly illustrations for the most prominent periodicals of his day, including Scribners, Harpers, Colliers Weekly, Century, Outing, and The Saturday Evening Post. Exceptional examples of Dunns art for publication are featured in this exhibition, which also highlights the artists powerful work for the American Expeditionary Forces, recording the unforgettable realities of combat. During World War I, Dunn was one of eight war artists assigned to the American Expeditionary Forces in France. He struggled emotionally as a result of his wartime experiences, but found solace in painting visions of the prairie, inspired by his boyhood memories and his love of South Dakotas landscape and history.
In 1914, following Howard Pyles death in 1911, Dunn moved from Wilmington to Leonia, New Jersey, which provided close access to his publishers in New York City. The following year, he founded the Leonia School of Illustration with artist Charles S. Chapman, explaining his unique mission: Art schools teach complexities, while I teach simplicities. The only purpose in my being here is to get [students] to think pictorially. Among his prodigious students there was artist Dean Cornwell, who acknowledged Dunns influence on his career. I gratefully look back on the time when I was privileged to sit at Harvey Dunns feet, Cornwell said. [He] taught art and illustration as one. He taught it as a religionor awfully close to such. Though Dunn and Chapman ultimately parted ways and closed their Leonia school, Dunns desire to share his artistic knowledge with the next generation never waned. He went on to teach at the Grand Central School of Art, Pratt Institute, and the Art Students League, inspiring many of the twentieth centurys most influential visual communicators.
Among the masterworks in this exhibition are original paintings by Dunns most prominent students, each of whom went on to achieve successful careers as illustrators themselves, including James A. Allen, Harry Beckhoff, John Clymer, Mac Conner, Dan Content, Mario Cooper, Wilmot Emerton Heitland, Walt S. Louderback, Henry C. Pitz, Arthur Sarnoff, Mead Schaeffer, Harold Von Schmidt, Frank Street, and Saul Tepper. Speaking to his students in clear and direct terms, as Dunn was known to do, he urged them to maintain the passion that first led them to pursue a life in art. Merely knowing your craft will never be enough to make a picture, he said. If you ever amount to anything at all, it will be because you were true to that deep desire or ideal which made you seek artistic expression in pictures. In 1952, when Dunn died, his New York Times obituary announced his passing with the headline Harvey Dunn, 68, Artist, Teacher, reflecting upon his ongoing dedication to his art and his strong belief in the value of sharing ones knowledge for the benefit of others.