STANFORD, CA.- The Cantor Arts Center
is presenting an exhibition, Missing Persons, which considers both the aesthetic and political implications of what it means to be missing. The 50 photographs, prints, artist books and archival objects on view visually play with the tension between absence and presence, so that the absence of the subject becomes the substance of the work. The exhibition features objects that range from a 19th-century silhouette by American painter Raphaelle Peale to contemporary works by internationally known artists including Kara Walker, the Guerrilla Girls, Lee Friedlander, Richard Misrach, Allen Ruppersberg, Diane Arbus, Ana Mendieta, Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Glenn Ligon, Sophie Calle, Catherine Wagner and Ester Hernandez. Many of these artists recognize populations who are excluded from representation, or who have gone missing under oppressive political institutions; art works address those displaced from their homes by colonialism, gentrification, incarceration and authoritarian regimes.
Missing Persons begins with an introductory section featuring both contemporary and historic artworks. The first work visitors encounter, Untitled (Portrait of Ross in L.A.) by artist Felix Gonzalez-Torres, is a 175-pound pile of multi-colored hard candies that represents the body of Gonzalez-Torress partner, who died from AIDS-related complications in 1991. Visitors are encouraged to consume a single piece of candy from the pile. As the pile diminishes, it gradually echoes the deterioration of Rosss body and memorializes his life. The introductory section continues with a selection of 19th-century silhouettes and highlights artists who use shadow and tracing to depict a human presence. Included in this section is Portrait of H. L. (c. 1820), a miniature silhouette made in Charles Willson Peales American Museum in Philadelphia. This shadow portrait, produced by tracing the projected silhouette of the sitter, was a popular form of portraiture in the 18th and 19th centuries before the advent of photography. And yet the resulting profile speaks more to absence than presence: all that remains is a traced shadow, standing in for the body of a person who is no longer with us.
Following this introductory section, the exhibition is divided into three sections: Wanted, Remains and Unseen. In Wanted, artists consider systemic injusticefrom slavery to mass incarceration, gentrification and political violence. The word wanted takes on multiple meanings in this section; the artists might want justice, freedom from oppression, or representation on the walls of museums and in the pages of history. Historical objects such as a 19th-century runaway slave advertisement and the F.B.I. wanted poster for Angela Davis ask the viewer to think about those who intentionally flee from a system of enslavement, imprisonment or institutional racism. Contemporary artists Glenn Ligon and Kara Walker provide a modern-day lens on the legacy of slavery in America.
Remains focuses on the repercussions of invisibility, and the objects that make visible those people or communities excluded from the historical record. Photographs by Richard Barnes and Sophie Calle direct our gaze downward, documenting the people and places outside of our everyday field of vision. Meanwhile objects from the Stanford familys personal collection tell a complex story of family legacy: a missing lock of hair conjures the memory of the Stanfords themselves, while a Native American cradle bought by Jane Stanford in 1899 directs our attention to indigenous peoples displaced by white settlement and industry.
The works in Unseen highlight the artistic processes of framing and composition, and also ask visitors to consider how the unseen or off-frame can assert their presence. The hands of Judy Dater, the bare, tattooed chest by John Gutmann and the eyeball on television by Lee Friedlander present fragmented bodies, prompting the viewer to imagine the parts of the image that they cannot see. Like photographs, objects can be informed by the invisible and unseen: the shoes that Allen Ginsberg wore while trekking through Czechoslovakia in 1965 serve to memorialize the body and words of the legendary Beat poet.
This exhibition is curated by five graduate students at Stanford University: Ph.D. candidates in Art History Caroline Murray Culp, Alexis Bard Johnson, Natalie Pellolio and Yinshi Lerman-Tan; and Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Theater and Performance Studies Gigi Otálvaro-Hormillosa. It is the culmination of a graduate seminar about curatorial practice co-taught by Connie Wolf, the Cantors John and Jill Freidenrich Director, and Richard Meyer, Robert and Ruth Halperin Professor in Art History. The class spanned three academic quarters, totaling about seven months from the initial meeting of the curatorial team to the final exhibition and publication. The student curators were given only one real parameter for the exhibition: that it be drawn primarily from the permanent collection at the Cantor Arts Center and from other Stanford University Special Collections. After researching, proposing and rejecting a host of ideas, the students eventually selected Missing Persons as the exhibitions title and concept. Throughout the spring and summer quarters, the group grappled with questions about scope, concept and installation, and also wrote text for the exhibition labels and publication. Working closely with Wolf and Meyer, the students read and discussed histories and theories of curatorial practice and carefully researched each artist and object in the exhibition.