Visitors to the Menil Collection
have a rare opportunity this fall to experience works from the museums Surrealist collection in dialogue with one of the movements major figures Salvador Dalí. On loan from the Dalí Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida, the artists 1932 painting, Eggs on the Plate Without the Plate, greets viewers on a wall by itself as they enter the first of three galleries reinstalled for this special exhibition. Curated by Assistant Curator Clare Elliott and consisting of some 30 works by 12 artists, The Secret of the Hanging Egg: Salvador Dalí at the Menil opened on November 5, 2015 and will remain on view through June 19 of next year.
The generosity of the Dalí Museum allows us not only to bring this exceptional painting to Houston audiences, but also to create a new framework through which to view the Menils extensive Surrealist collection, said Clare Elliott, assistant curator.
With a selection of works by artists such as Victor Brauner, Max Ernst, and René Magritte, the museum enjoys a reputation for having an exceptional representation of Surrealist art the twentieth-century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind. Visitors, however, are often surprised to learn that the museum has no paintings by Dalí, only Gangsterism and Goofy Visions of New York a rarely seen 1935 drawing that also appears in the show.
Though indelibly linked to Surrealism, Dalí was both accepted and later rejected by the movements leader, André Breton (whose death mask is on view in an adjacent gallery).
With its eerie landscape and an even more disquieting still life that includes one of Dalís most familiar motifs, a watch that appears to be melting, Eggs on a Plate Without the Plate engages in conversation with other works that include small, egg-like painted rocks by Brauner and Joan Miró, as well as enigmatic landscapes by Yves Tanguy and Joseph Cornell. A painting attributed to Giuseppe Arcimboldo, a sixteenth-century Italian painter that Dalí admired, provides an antecedent to the artists surreal imaginings.
Dalís fascination with food is echoed in simulacrums of cheese made by his contemporary Magritte and by the contemporary artist Robert Gober. Works by the latter, as well as a new work made especially for the exhibition by Houston-based artist David McGee, attest to the continuation of the Surrealist tradition both in present-day artistic practices and in the Menils holdings. Steve Wolfe, the subject of a 2010 Menil exhibition, also appears in the reconfigured galleries. On view are examples of Dalís many collaborations with Surrealists in Paris in the 1930s in the form of a selection of rare publications from the Menils library, including Violette Nozières (1933) and a 1937 portfolio of twenty-one Surrealist postcards. As the centerpiece of this exhibition, the Dalí painting strongly resonates with a collection that emphasizes the power of the evocative image.
Surrealism at the Menil
With a collection of more than 300 Surrealist paintings, sculptures, and works on paper, the museum can only display a fraction of its holdings at any one time, and this exhibition highlights the practice of quietly rotating works throughout the permanent galleries. Next door to Dali, visitors will find The Night, Its Volume and What is Dangerous for It, 1934, a recently acquired painting by Meret Oppenheim, one of the movements pioneering female artists, as well as Man Rays erotic portrait of the artist.