A lady looking into a mirror in the soft candlelight, proud, a little pert perhaps, but certainly enigmatic. Few artists have matched the ability of Godefridus Schalcken (Made near Breda 1643 16 November 1706 The Hague) to capture such magical moments on canvas so powerfully that they still compel attention three centuries later.
In autumn 2015 the Wallraf-Richartz-Museum
& Fondation Courboud launched in cooperation with the Dordrechts Museum the first-ever exhibition to survey Schalckens oeuvre as a whole, inviting a reassessment of this unique painter and seducing visitors to have a detailed look at the charming and enchanting art of Schalcken. More than eighty loans from public and private collections worldwide are on show, a third of his known painted oeuvre. Lenders include the Leiden Collection, New York, The Rose-Marie and Eijk van Otterloo Collection, Naples, Uffizi Florence, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Mauritshuis The Hague, National Gallery London, Národní galerie in Prague, Statens Museum Copenhagen, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin, Ashmolaen Museum, Oxford, Städel Museum, Frankfurt, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Gemäldegalerie Dresden, Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe and Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister Kassel.
Schalcken will not have seemed predestined for an artistic career when he was born in 1643 into a family headed by a Protestant pastor. At the age of nineteen, following an apprenticeship with Samuel van Hoogstraten, a pupil of Rembrandt, he entered the workshop of Gerrit Dou, the celebrated founder of the school of artists known as the Leiden fine painters. Dordrecht, London, The Hague and Dusseldorf were further stages in his impressive career. Despite the political and economic turmoils and an ailing art market: Schalcken established himself as a self-branded artist. His paintings fetched top prices and entered the most illustrious collections. Royal clients, such as Florences Grand Duke Cosimo III de Medici and Elector Palatine Johann Wilhelm in Dusseldorf, helped Schalcken to international fame.
As a master of light, especially candlelight, Schalcken entered the canon of art history and was lauded by art lovers even including Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. First with the changes in taste that came in the nineteenth century did the typically Dutch, bourgeois art by painters like Vermeer, Rembrandt and Frans Hals gain in preference. Schalckens elegantly painted aristocratic gems languished in obscurity. With the consequence that the artist ranks today among the great unknowns of the Golden Age of Netherlandish painting.
Here in the first ever exhibition of his work, we are invited to set out on a journey of rediscovery. With rarely shown masterpieces, including many works from private collections, it opens up the painters rich world of imagery. A world that captivates by its wide range of genres and subjects, its tromp-loeil illusionism, and the gallant conversations that Schalcken invites us viewer to join.
The exhibition catalogue, with essays and extensive entries by Guido M.C. Jansen, Wayne Franits, Anja K. Sevcik, Nicole Elizabeth Cook, Eddy Schavemaker, Sander Paarlberg and Marcus Dekiert aims to update the meritorious Catalogue raisonée by Thierry Beherman of 1988.