The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Monday, August 19, 2019

Queen Elizabeth's reign rooted in ancestor Victoria
Britain's Queen Elizabeth II (C), Britain's Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (L) and Britain's Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (not pictured) attend the annual Braemar Gathering in Braemar, central Scotland, on September 5, 2015. The Braemar Gathering is a traditional Scottish Highland Games which predates the 1745 Uprising, and since 1848 it has been regularly attended by the reigning Monarch and members of the Royal Family. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN.

By: Robin Millard

LONDON (AFP).- Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth II, Britain's longest-reigning monarchs, both came to the throne young yet remained a steady presence through eras of dramatic change.

Queen Elizabeth will overtake her great-great-grandmother's record of 63 years and 216 days on September 9, a remarkable reign that began in 1952 as Britain rebuilt after World War II.

When Victoria was born in 1819, she, like Elizabeth, was thought unlikely to inherit the throne.

Yet the young princess, who became queen in 1837 shortly after turning 18, lent her name to an age of invention and discovery, as well as a moralistic outlook on life.

The Victorian Era was a time when Britain was at its zenith, making grand industrial, scientific, cultural and imperial advances.

The roots of 89-year-old Queen Elizabeth's duty-driven style of monarchy lie with her illustrious ancestor.

"The great similarity between Elizabeth and Victoria is that they're both exceptionally conscientious, strong-minded women, determined to do it absolutely as correctly as they could," writer Andrew Gimson told AFP.

Victoria's 'moral earnestness 
The only child of prince Edward, the fourth son of king George III, Victoria was born fifth in the line of succession.

But the late Edward's elder brothers, including George's successors George IV and William IV, all died without surviving legitimate children, leaving Victoria to inherit the throne.

Born at Kensington Palace on June 24, 1819, Victoria was brought up under the "Kensington System", a series of rules invented by her mother that kept her isolated and constantly monitored.

On inheriting the throne, she set about changing how the monarchy operated.

"It had fallen into very low repute under her wicked uncles who behaved in the most disreputable fashion," Gimson said.

"Victoria plugged into this new middle-class morality, the moral earnestness which was emerging in the 1830s."

On becoming queen, she was mentored by prime minister Viscount Melbourne and sidelined her overbearing mother.

She married her German first cousin prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840 and was besotted with him. She survived the first of several assassination attempts later that year.

When Albert died in 1861, she plunged into mourning, retreated from public view and wore black for the rest of her life.

She formed a close bond with her Scottish manservant John Brown through the 1860s and 70s.

Amid rising republican sentiment, Victoria began to appear in public again starting in the 1870s.

Victoria's nine children married into continental royalty, making her the "grandmother of Europe".

Her 1887 golden jubilee and diamond jubilee in 1897 were celebrated throughout the empire, with Victoria seen to embody British greatness.

States, cities, mountains, lakes, streets, squares, buildings and monuments around the world still carry her name.

British expansion and contraction 
"Under Victoria, the British empire was expanding to an enormous extent and she got given this grand title of empress of India. British power was at its height," Gimson said.

"Under Elizabeth II, the British empire has vanished. She and the whole British nation have had to cope with a period of relative decline, although the standard of living has gone up colossally."

Queen Elizabeth's beginnings resemble those of Victoria and neither was born to be a future queen.

Elizabeth only did so because her father became king after her childless uncle Edward VIII was forced to abdicate to marry the twice-divorced Wallis Simpson.

After a somewhat cloistered youth, Elizabeth married Prince Philip, her second cousin once removed.

The great statesman Winston Churchill -- who entered parliament in 1900 -- was the first of her 12 British prime ministers and a mentor.

Victoria got much more heavily involved in politics than Elizabeth would see prudent to do, however.

The Times columnist Matthew Parris said Elizabeth "works much harder" than Victoria, but little else has changed since.

"We must not let in daylight upon magic remains the guiding principle," he wrote.

Buried in Windsor, west of London, Victoria died in 1901 aged 81, but Elizabeth is still fully active at 89.

She has reigned with the steadfast support of 94-year-old Prince Philip, while Victoria was 42 when Albert died.

Judith Rowbotham, visiting research fellow at Plymouth University, said that as she enters her 90s, Elizabeth's reign would likely come to resemble that of Victoria in mourning.

"We're actually going to enter a phase where the similarities between the two become much more acute," she said.

"We're used to seeing the queen actually doing things. We're used to seeing her turn up to open things. Victoria received state visitors and kept royal diplomacy going but in a way which was much more static."

© 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse

Today's News

September 6, 2015

Van Gogh Museum opens new entrance with a labyrinth of 125,000 sunflowers

Exhibition of 102 photographs and one video by Francesca Woodman opens at Moderna Museet

Sotheby's London Rock & Pop sale to offer the contract that launched the Beatles

Solo exhibition of the work of Irish-born artist Sean Scully opens at Kewenig in Berlin

Royal portraits from Chequers join new display of Anthony Van Dyck's self-portrait

Iran photographer Newsha Tavakolian to share prize money with Syria refugees

David Douard's first personal exhibition opens at Galerie Chantal Crousel in Paris

Replica of most powerful nuclear bomb ever goes on display at exhibition in Moscow

National Trust: Withdrawn exhibition by Luke Jerram ends with boats for communities

Swedish artist Tarik Kiswanson's first solo exhibition at Almine Rech opens in Paris

San Francisco couple donate contemporary ceramics to Asian Art Museum

The Art Gallery of Nova Scotia launches a new exhibition featuring the works of John Devlin

Bonhams Chantilly sale sees rare Maserati Boomerang return £3.3 million

Billings Auction announces inaugural modern design auction event in downtown Los Angeles

Queen Elizabeth's reign rooted in ancestor Victoria

DJ Avicii tackles human trafficking in directorial debut

Scotland's 'Walter Scott Express' back on track

Lights out for movie houses in Libya's 'Mermaid of Med'

McGregor Coxall selected to work with SANAA to develop landscape design concept

Solo exhibition by contemporary artist Mark Jenkins opens at Fabien Castanier Gallery

Belfast Exposed exhibits the work of Paul Gaffney and Jill Quigley

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Conservation reveals Wellington Collection work was painted by Titian's Workshop

2.- New dinosaur discovered after lying misidentified in university's vaults for over 30 years

3.- Unseen Texas Chainsaw Massacre outtakes and stills sold for a combined $26,880

4.- National gallery reveals conserved Italian altarpiece by Giovanni Martini da Udine

5.- London's Tate Modern evacuated after child falls, teen arrested

6.- Bavarian State Minister of the Arts restitutes nine works of art

7.- Boy thrown from London's Tate Modern is French tourist visiting UK

8.- Child thrown from London gallery has broken spine, legs and arm

9.- £10 million Turner masterpiece may leave British shores

10.- Tourists banned from sitting on Rome's Spanish Steps

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful