WASHINGTON, DC.- The Smithsonians National Museum of American History
in collaboration with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) opened the exhibition Inventing in America July 1 in the Johnson-Louis Gateway to Innovation. Patent models, prototypes, trademark examples and inventions by National Invention Hall of Fame members illustrate the ways that the United States has always depended on invention. The exhibition will be on view for five years, through 2020.
Through three large-scale cases, the gateway showcases more than 70 objects that represent how inventions influenced the past and play a key role in the current world. Alexander Graham Bells experimental liquid transmitter telephone from 1876, a patent model for an 1841 pin-making machine, an Apple I computer and the first digital-camera sensor are among the artifacts on display that introduce the museums 5 million visitors to its new Innovation Wing.
The United States itself was a new idea, and it was ingenuity that helped form the nation we live in today, said John Gray, director of the museum. Inventing in America will illustrate the global impact of that innovation on human history.
More than two centuries of cumulative innovation have transformed our nation and our way of life in ways the Founding Fathers could never have imagined, said Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of USPTO Michelle K. Lee. This exhibit will provide an exciting opportunity for the public to interact with and appreciate the role innovation has played in our countrys history.
From inventions with the global impact of the telegraph to simpler innovations such as the button stitch for sewing machines, Inventing in America looks at the challenges of conceiving new ideas and crafting the physical devices to prove those ideas work. For most of the 19th century, the U.S. Patent Office required inventors to submit a model with their patent application. The museums patent-model collection began with the acquisition of 284 models from the Patent Office in June 1908. Today, the museums collection exceeds 10,000 patent models dating from 1836 to 1910. The partnership with USPTO gives the museum a way to explore the role of the federal government in the innovative process, including the management of patents and trademarks.
Patent models and other inventions from the museums collection are being 3-D digitized as part of a new education initiative, American Innovations in an Age of Discovery. The project will create digital invention kits to enable students to reconstruct early inventions from the collection such as a telegraph, electric motor and telephone using 3-D printers.