SAN FRANCISCO, CA.-
Coinciding with the launch of a new UC Press publication about David Irelands former home, the 500 Capp Street Foundation
announced that the late conceptual artists modest two-story housea rundown building he transformed into a site-specific, inhabited artwork now widely considered the centerpiece of his career and a loadstar of the Bay Area art communitywill open to the public in January of 2016 as San Franciscos first historic artists house.
After completion of a two-year construction and preservation effort that began in 2014, visitors will be able to experience the 1886 Edwardian-Italianate home and its embedded artworks as Ireland intended, immersing themselves in an enigmatic, 360-degree portrait of one of the West Coasts most important practitioners of conceptual and installation art.
American artist David Ireland (1930-2009) is admired regionally as well as nationally and internationally for a diverse and prolific body of work concerned with the beauty inherent in everyday things and the making of art as a part of daily life. His idiosyncratic, hybrid practice blends sculpture, architecture, painting, and performance, and often draws on ordinary materials such as dirt, concrete, wood, or wire he collected over time. Irelands best-known work is the house at 500 Capp Street in San Franciscos culturally dense Mission District. Serving simultaneously as the artists environmental artwork, social sculpture, and residence for 30 years, it embodies his visual language and exists as both a container for his art and an artwork in its own right.
After Ireland moved out of 500 Capp Street in 2004 due to failing health, his family prepared to put the house on the market in order to help with his financial needs. The homes fate became uncertain during the following years. In 2008, San Francisco art collector and patron Carlie Wilmans, granddaughter of late Bay Area philanthropist Phyllis C. Wattis, purchased the building. Soon after she established the 500 Capp Street Foundation, appointing prominent local art patron Ann Hatch and Yale University Art Gallery Director Jock Reynoldsboth longtime friends and associates of Irelandas fellow founding trustees in oversight of the house as a venue for the preservation and study of the artists work. Ireland passed away in 2009 at the age of 78.
Irelands sphere of influence and the importance of his house to Bay Area cultural history cannot be overstated, says Wilmans. His ideas and creative spirit are ingrained in the artist community here, and its an honor to lead this collaborative effort to ensure the ongoing life of the space and to extend his legacy.
Developed in collaboration with Jensen Architects and ARG Conservation Services, the renovation and conservation efforts are designed to create public access to the sensitively restored site and to improve conditions for the art without altering the original spaces. It also utilizes the full footprint of the property to provide a new exhibition gallery, study center and permanent archive for Irelands work, and spaces to accommodate public events and activities related to a planned artist-in-residency programthe heart of the project, according to Wilmans.
David actively curated 500 Capp Street while he was alive, and we have no intention of placing a bell jar over it now, Wilmans explains. As a teacher and mentor, he opened his home to many younger artists. The residency program will continue that tradition, remaining a vital catalyst for artistic dialogue and providing resources and inspiration for generations of artists to come.
Since the foundations establishment in 2009, it has received a gift of more than 2,000 artworks by Ireland from the artists estate. This major concentration of objectssculptures, paintings, drawings, prints, and furniture that David made, as well as ephemera, personal papers, photographs, and publicationsforms the core of the houses permanent collection and archive, and will be displayed in changing exhibitions. The foundation will seek to grow its collection through the acquisition of additional Ireland works and by commissioning new artworks made in direct response to the house and its contents.
Ireland is perhaps the most influential West Coast artist youve never heard of, says Jock Reynolds, who oversees the Ireland estate. For many artists who lived in or visited San Francisco during the 1970s and 1980s, 500 Capp Streetand all that happened within itcame to be a focal point for the artist community. The house pays tribute to Davids achievements as the ultimate example of his aesthetic and as one of the most significant contemporary artworks created in San Francisco in the last quarter of the twentieth century.
In contrast to the citys rapidly changing skyline, the rescued Ireland house stands as a truly unique piece of San Franciscos historyone that preserves a particular time and continues as a living space in the same spirit of the original, yet creates something entirely new.
Irelands greatest work is 500 Capp Street, a fusion of life and art that is exceptionally rare, adds Gary Garrels, Elise S. Hass Senior Curator of Painting and Sculpture at SFMOMA, who is among the many local art experts invited by the foundation to consult on the project. Its significance is rooted in a sense of place and history that the artist absorbed, transforming the ordinary and overlooked into almost magical, even mystical experiences while remaining humble and wry. The art world is extraordinarily fortunate that this treasure will be preserved.
An Artwork as Big as A House
You cant make art by making art has become one of Irelands best-known sayings and its often used to summarize the philosophy that guided his Zen-like, interdisciplinary art practice. Concerned with formal and material invention and in happenings outside the sphere of marketable art, Irelands work explores complex questions of creativity, the role of the artist, and the meaning of art.
He boldly began his full-time art career in middle age after taking a circuitous route to his calling. In the two decades between his completion of a Bachelor of Applied Art degree from California College of the Arts (now California College of the Arts) in 1953 and finishing his graduate work at the San Francisco Art Institute in 1974, he followed a winding path through military service, marriage, fatherhood, insurance sales, carpentry, and extensive world travel in Asia and East Africa as a safari guide and importer of artifacts.
In 1975, after a yearlong post-graduation sojourn in New York City, Ireland returned to the Bay Area where he quickly became an integral member of the artist communitywhich included conceptual-art peers such as Terry Fox, Howard Fried, Paul Kos, Tony Labat, Tom Marioni, and Jim Melchertand helped establish San Francisco as an important center for conceptual art activity, then flourishing throughout the United States and globally.
He purchased a dilapidated Edwardian home at the corner of 500 Capp and 19th Streets and began implementing a 30-month maintenance action: removing window moldings, stripping wallpaper, sanding surfaces, and finally coating the walls, ceiling, and floors with high-gloss polyurethane varnish to preserve and highlight his modifications. His original intent was to clear out the house and use it as studio, but he soon grew to see it in a sculptural way, perceiving his activity as an artistic endeavor more than a simple architectural renovation.
I reached a philosophical point where I realized that the lively presence I was looking for in my art was here on the walls, as I stripped away and cleaned off the surfaces, Ireland explained in a 1981 interview. Why do we have to fabricate a stretcher, a canvaswhy not just make art out of an environment? I couldnt go back to normal work.
As Ireland slowly transformed the homes interior, it became known in the art world as the site, source, and repository of his mature work of the 1980s and 1990s. His art and life are so interwoven in the house that its difficult to distinguish between the art and non-artdistinctions irrelevant to Ireland who, like many of his peers, sought to deliberately confuse these boundaries.
Immersive Environment Redraws the Line between Art and Life
500 Capp Street and its artist-made interventions showcase Ireland's signature use of everyday materials and his rich sense of humor. Some examples include:
Installations that are part of the architecture, such as Untitled (The View from This Window, circa 1979), a window that Ireland removed and masked over with a copper plate. The work includes a recording of the artists voice describing the obscured view. Other pieces document Irelands removal of items left behind by the previous owner, including a heavy safe: two bronze wall plaques along the stairwell describe moving mishaps that caused substantial gouges in the plaster (The Safe Gets Away for the First Time November 5, 1975; and The Safe Gets Away for the Second Time November 5, 1975). Ireland also made round patties of stripped wallpaper (Untitled, circa 1978)inspired by the dung patties he saw used for fuel on his travels in Asiaand applied them in the upstairs hallways, running vertically like peas in a pod.
Works that give new life to objects left behind by the previous owner by refashioning them into sculptures, including Three-Legged Chair (1978), a non-functional chair with one of the legs sawed off. The work includes an attached notebook containing parallel narratives about the chairs meaning and history that conflate fact and fiction. A large, freestanding sculpture titled Broom Collection with Boom (19781988) is made of sixteen worn-out brooms that Ireland wired together in a circle based on extent of wear. A jar containing hundreds of rubber bands from daily newspaper deliveries (Rubber Band Collection with Sound Accompaniment, 1977) comes with a tape-recording of rubber bands being removed from rolled newspapersa meditation on the passage of time and the countless quotidian actions that make up life.
Explorations of light reflection in the home, most dramatically achieved by applying multiple coats of clear polyurethane to the signature saffron-colored interior walls. This final touch not only sealed the cracks and preserved the visible history of changes to surfaces, but also created a luminous sheen and highlighted every nuance of the architecture. A kinetic and slightly unnerving chandelier made from two blowtorches suspended from the ceiling on wires (Fire Drawing, n.d.)just one of the houses eccentric light fixturesforms a centerpiece in the upstairs parlor.
Sculptures made from remnants of his renovation activity, such as a jar of sawdust from refinishing the floor, a jar of dust collected from the window frames, a jar of dirt swept from the front doorsteps, and a jar of stripped wallpaper fragments mounted on a wooden pedestal (all Untitled, n.d.).
Artist-made furniture and an array of eclectic found objects, including animal skulls and African woodcarvings, as well as combines such as Untitled (Water Buffalo), 1995, and Three Wheeler, circa 1979pieces Ireland fashioned from relics of his early safari experiences.
Artful Restoration and Conservation
The 500 Capp Street Foundation has partnered with Jensen Architects, the award-winning Bay Area firm that designed SFMOMAs Rooftop Sculpture Garden, to create an addition to the existing 100-year-old home that will house a new publicly accessible study center, gallery space, basement archive, and adjacent outdoor terrace with a living wallelements that extend the architectural language of Irelands work through a similar palette of materials while clearly delineating the new and original structures. The plan also includes the installation of an elevator in the home to provide more universal access to the second floor and basement levels.
In collaboration with construction management firm Oliver & Company, Jensen Architects has also reengineered the homes existing foundation, seismically upgrading the structure and stabilizing the overall environment for Irelands installed spaces. The finishes inside the house are so incredibly delicate that not even a hammer could be used, says Jensen principal Dean Orr. So when it came to setting the home on a new concrete foundation, we were fortunate to work with contemporary art collector and contractor Steven Oliver, who is well acquainted with Irelands art and attuned to the projects needs.
ARG Conservation Services, who recently completed the structural restoration of Coit Tower, will restore 500 Capp Streets interior surfaces to their original appearance when Ireland completed the home in 1978. ARG brings to the project expertise in the philosophy and ethics of conserving vernacular architectural spaces such as Irelands house, and is working closely with the architect and contractor to assess vibration impact, clean and protect Irelands installed artworks, and sensitively conserve every interior feature, intervention, and piece of historical material altered by the artists handincluding testing various methods to restore the most accurate level of sheen to the high-gloss walls. Part of Irelands work on 500 Capp Street was concerned with revealing the buildings structural history, and in many ways were simply continuing the artists own process, says David Wessel, Principal of ARG Conservation Services.
Additionally, the color of the homes exterior will be restored to its original battleship grey using lead-free paint, and the iconic gold leaf signage on the front window and 500 house number will return to original condition.
David Irelands work is featured in collections of prominent institutions, including the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Smithsonian; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; and the Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art. Irelands work is influenced heavily by his travels in Africa and his studies in printmaking and industrial arts at Oaklands California College of Arts and Crafts (now California College of the Arts), but 500 Capp Street served as his primary source for material and inspiration. In 2004, the Oakland Museum of California organized the first full-scale traveling retrospective of Irelands work, which included objects and ephemera related to 500 Capp Street.
The public opening of the David Ireland House is the weekend of January 15, 2016.