The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Wednesday, July 24, 2019


Albania opens dictator Enver Hoxha's top secret Cold War nuclear bunker to public
Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama (L) visits a bunker built by late communist dictator Enver Hoxha in Tirana on November 22, 2014. A gigantic, secret underground bunker that Albania's communist regime built in the 1970s to survive a nuclear attack by the Soviet Union or the United States has been opened to the public for the first time. AFP PHOTO / STRINGER.


TIRANA (AFP).- The massive, top secret Cold War nuclear bunker of former Albanian dictator Enver Hoxha was opened to the public on Saturday, decades after it was built by the paranoid communist regime fearing an attack by the West that never came.

The ex-dictator's bed, covered with a red mattress, is still in place in his bunker bedroom, with a Soviet-era radio placed on his bedside table. 

During Hoxha's 40-year rule, Albania was one of the world's most isolated countries, obsessed about an attack by the West. 

Now, 24 years after the fall of the regime, its countryside is still dotted by the remains of some 700,000 bunkers. Officials have said the structures, referred to as "mushrooms" by locals, were built to be indestructible and defend against an army of millions.

According to informed sources, Hoxha, who died in 1985, had at least four secret refuges built for him and his family around Tirana.

Built into the side of a mountain just east of the capital Tirana, the 2,685 square metre (28,900 square foot) underground shelter opened Saturday sprawls over five levels and contains 106 rooms, including a cinema. 

Built covertly between 1972-1978, it was designed to serve as the headquarters of the central committee and the communist assembly in the event of war.

A guide at the opening described it as a "real five-star" complex.

"We have decided to open everything up," Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama after visiting the site.

"The idea to build it arose after a visit (by Hoxha) to North Korea in 1964," said defence ministry spokesperson Edlira Prendi. 

Until recently the giant bunker still featured on an Albanian army "top secret" list, she added.

The bunker will be placed under the care of the tourism and culture ministry, and will also host a museum and an exhibition space for artists. 


© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse





Today's News

November 24, 2014

Old works and new creations by Giuseppe Penone on view at Musée de Grenoble

Albania opens dictator Enver Hoxha's top secret Cold War nuclear bunker to public

'The Traveler's Eye' at Smithsonian's Sackler Gallery envisions journeys through Asia

Exhibition presents the most important paintings of the British painter Peter Doig

19 photographers come to Puerto Rico in an exhibition that will travel the Ibero-American cultural space

10th Shanghai Biennale: China's longest running contemporary art biennial opens

New-York Historical Society announces plans to establish Center for Women's History

New world record for Corto Maltese comic book art at French auction house Artcurial

View culturally important Canadian artwork at Heffel Fine Art Auction House's Toronto preview

Christie's announces the inaugural New York Exceptional Sale to take place on December 11

Solo exhibition by Shea Hembrey on view at Bryce Wolkowitz Gallery in New York

Ever dreamed of seeing your face on a coin? Local Bruce Museum scientist gets pretty close

'Confessions of the Imperfect, 1848-1989 to Today' opens at the Van Abbemuseum

Exhibition including a body of new works by Anri Sala opens at Hauser & Wirth Zurich

Exhibition chronicles the culture as well as the procedures of the country's oldest law enforcement agency

A series of new works by the London-based artist duo Kai & Sunny opens at Jonathan LeVine Gallery

Discover innovative and diverse artworks by artists from different generations and regions across Canada

Rä di Martino's first UK solo exhibition opens at Copperfield Gallery

Bonhams announces inaugural auction at the 2015 Goodwood Members' Meeting

Thomas Wachholz's first solo exhibition in Switzerland on view at RaebervonStenglin

Recent photography acquisitions go on display in new Art Gallery of Western Australia exhibition

First comprehensive overview of Thomas Müllenbach’s paintings and drawings opens in Zurich

Moving sculptures by Sigalit Landau on view at the Capella MACBA

A. Lange & Shöne Platinum Tourbillon wristwatch brings $245,000

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Original 'Star Wars' creators lift lid on special effects challenges

2.- Lost '$170 million Caravaggio' snapped up before French auction

3.- Mansell's 'Red Five' on pole for Bonhams sale

4.- Impressionism's 'forgotten woman' shines in new Paris show

5.- Sotheby's to auction the best-surviving NASA videotape recordings of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing

6.- Exhibition explores Dutch and Spanish painting of the 16th and 17th centuries

7.- Cyprus discovers 'first undisturbed Roman shipwreck'

8.- Sotheby's unveils 'Treasures from Chatsworth' with Leonardo Da Vinci drawing, Lucian Freud portraits, and more

9.- Infamous botched art restoration in Spain gets makeover

10.- 1958 Gibson Flying V Korina played by Dave Davies to grab center stage in Heritage Auctions' sale



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez


Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org avemariasound.org juncodelavega.com facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful