will offer Valentin Serovs masterwork Portrait of Maria Zetlin (1882-1976) (estimate: £1,500,000-2,500,000) in their auction of Important Russian Art on 24 November. Sold to benefit the Ramat Gan Museums in Israel, this extraordinary portrait depicts Maria Zetlin, the doyenne of Russian émigré life in Paris, and appears on the market for the first time in history.
Moshe Abramowitz, Vice Mayor of the city of Ramat Gan and Meir Aharonson, Chief Curator and Artistic Director comment: Over fifty years ago, Ramat Gan Municipality promised the Zetlin family that the Collection would be well-presented so that it would occupy its rightful place in the citys cultural life. In order to fulfil this promise, the Municipality wishes to upgrade the exhibition space and improve its visibility and accessibility to a wider audience. Ramat Gan has learned from leading Museums in the world that the results of a successful sale can significantly benefit and safeguard the future of Museums. The Zetlin Collection is solid and important; selling one work in order to benefit the Collection as a whole is the correct thing to do within the Museum sphere. The Collection includes other important works by seminal Russian artists and four other works by Valentin Serov, including another portrait of Maria Zetlin. The proceeds of the sale will be used to upgrade the presentation of the collection, enlarge the exhibition space, and benefit the cultural and artistic future of the city of Ramat Gan.
Alexis de Tiesenhausen, International Head of the Russian Art Department comments: Portrait of Maria Zetlin (1882-1976) is, without doubt, the most exquisite Serov that I have handled during my career at Christies. The devastating elegance and poise of the sitter, captured in Serovs unique silvery tones, epitomises the mastery of Russias preeminent portraitist. Painted in 1910 in Biarritz, this commission was undertaken at the apex of Serovs career, one year before his untimely death. In the same year Serov completed other major works, including iconic portraits of Ivan Morozov and Ida Rubenstein held in The State Tretyakov Gallery and The State Russian Museum respectively. Portrait of Maria Zetlin (1882- 1976) was shown in landmark Russian Art exhibitions in Malmö (1914), Brussels (1928), London (1935) and Prague (1935); and, at Serovs request, represented the artists oeuvre at the 1911 international art exhibition in Rome where it was hailed a portrait of unique tonal beauty. Portrait of Maria Zetlin (1882-1976) has never before appeared at auction and in a market where the appearance of true masterpieces is increasingly rare, I am thrilled to be presenting such an exceptional portrait this November.
Maria Samoilovna Zetlin (née Tumarkina) (1882-1976) and Mikhail Osipovich Zetlin (1882-1945) met in Paris in political exile and were married in 1910. The Zetlins briefly returned to Moscow following the October Revolution only to immigrate to France in the early 1920s. The Zetlins flat on avenue Henri Martin in Paris became one of the best-known literary salons of the Russian expatriate community and attracted writers, artists and politicians, including Pablo Picasso, George Braque and Diego Rivera.
Educated in Germany and Switzerland and with a doctorate in Philosophy, Maria was an intellectual foil to Mikhail, a successful and influential poet, editor and publisher. Having published poetry under the pseudonym Amari, Mikhail Zetlin also edited the poetry section of the magazine Sovremennye Zapiski in the 1920s and 1930s and later founded a new literary and political magazine, Novy Zhurnal, dedicated to the writers, poets and philosophers of Russias Silver Age.
A recognised beauty, Maria Zetlin was painted by a number of prominent artists of the time, including Léon Bakst, Sergei Chekhonin and Alexandre Iacovleff. By the late 1920s, the Zetlins had formed an impressive collection of Russian Art, comprising works by some of the most significant Russian artists of the 20th Century, including: Natalia Goncharova, Léon Bakst, Boris Grigoriev, Petr Konchalovsky, Dmitry Stelletsky, Mikhail Larionov, Alexandre Benois and Valentin Serov. In 1941, in the midst of World War II, the Zetlins fled to New York only to be reunited with their art collection after the war. The majority of the collection remained in the family until 1959 when it was donated to the Municipality of Ramat Gan.