The war which is coming is not the first one. Great War 1914-2014 exhibition constitutes the main part of a major project called Mart
/Great War 1914-2014 involving the three sites of the museum.
The exhibition is a project directed by Cristiana Collu, and curated by Nicoletta Boschie- ro, Saretto Cincinelli, Gustavo Corni, Gabi Scardi and Camillo Zadra, with the collaboration of experts in history and contemporary art. Through the development of a series of complementary contributions, the exhibition draws a distance from a simple reflection about history and offers a more complex overview regarding the topicality of the conflict, which is still today at the centre of debate. The First World War being remembered now was one of the most dramatic and significant events in history, and here represents the starting point for a broader investigation running through 20th-century history to the conflicts of the present day.
The Mart tackles the hardest, most afflicted and thorny of issues, taking on not just the telling of history, but also the comprehensive exposure of some of the truths marking it.
This project has required and requires not only objectivity and detachment but also participation and clarity. It is not enough not to want war and to desire peace.
The exhibition takes as its starting point Bertolt Brechts famous poem: The war which is coming / is not the first one. There were /other wars before it. / When the last one came to an end / there were conquerors and conquered. /Among the conquered the common people / starved. Among the conquerors / the common people starved too. The museum tries to tell a story from which emerges an intense voyage rooted in that war and leading to the most tragic recent history.
The exhibition develops the theme by adopting a variety of viewpoints and touching also on the most sensitive, delicate and sometimes controversial points. It presents a view of the event as the result of a narrative composition in which art meets history, politics and anthropology. Making use of a sort of complex thematic and temporary assemblage, the exhibition avoids following a precise chronological order, demonstrating through new semantic combinations and short-cuts how all wars are the same and at the same time how each war is different.
The intention is not to provide an inventory of the conflicts of yesterday and today, and nor to downplay the irreducible historic differences, but to maintain open research and thinking in a place in which remembering does not mean reducing an event to something petrified, archived and definitively sealed within itself but, on the contrary, revealing interpretations and re-readings able to express all their complexity.
In the exhibition, art comes into contact with everyday life: the masterpieces of the avant-garde movements maintain a dialogue with the propaganda, with the format of the whole exhibition, and renews the value of the documents, reports and accounts on display. Installations, drawings, prints, photographs, paintings, posters, postcards, letters, diaries share the over 3.000 square metres of the top floor of the Mart, where they meet recent artistic experimentations, sound installations and film narratives: original documents, videos and films. Also on display are many war relics from the First World War: every object has its own story to tell, and their finding is the most recent chapter in an event that is still topical.
The layout, designed by the Catalan designer Martí Guixé, translates the two souls of the exhibition historic and contemporary building a palimpsest binding together folly, disorder, rhythm, light and hope. The expressions of contemporaneity are used to amalgamate and punctuate the route and times of the visit. What emerges is a transverse vision that takes into account points of view of history, art and contemporary thinking to contextualize the past. A story about war and of war.
The layout is arranged without any form of interruption so that the visitor can himself choose from which entrance to start his visit and how to construct it, exploring the exhibition and its theme in total freedom. Such an approach is fundamental in an exhibition that is so complex, which moves and disturbs but at the same time reconciles and places the individual in touch with one of his most visceral and obscure aspects.
The war which is coming is not the first one is a dizzying exhibition in which a variety of themes develop, with various narrative focuses and targeted asides, in which a common denominator emerges several times, binding the whole together: Futurism.
The exhibition presents some historic masterpieces from the Marts own collections, including works by Giacomo Balla, Anselmo Bucci, Fortunato Depero and Gino Severini. A long series of important loans from Italy and abroad, from public and private collections and galleries, rounds off the project. There are also numerous works by artists who lived through the horror of the Great War; on top of the exponents of Italian avant-garde movements mentioned above, this list includes Max Beckmann, Marc Chagall, Albin Egger-Lienz, Adolf Helmberger, Osvaldo Licini, Arturo Martini, Pietro Morando and Mario Sironi, and is joined by the work of directors of the time, like Filippo Butera, Segundo de Chomón and Abel Gance. Among the artists involved directly in the conflict, there is a section dedicated to the Czechoslovak photographer, Josef Sudek.
On display is not just war as a personal experience but also as a recurrent thought in the work of many artists, including Lida Abdul, Enrico Baj, Yael Bartana, Alberto Burri, Alighiero Boetti, Pascal Convert, Gohar Dashti, Berlinde De Bruyeckere, Paola De Pietri, Harun Farocki, Yervant Gianikian and Angela Ricci Lucchi, Alfredo Jaar, William Kentridge, Mateo Maté, Adi Nes, ORLAN, Sophie Ristelhueber, Thomas Ruff, Anri Sala and Artur Żmijewski.
Some of the best works by artists as yet unknown to the Italian public are on display. A masterpiece that has not yet been shown in Italy is the complete series of 15 woodcuts by Sandow Birk, measuring 2.5 meters each. Birk narrates the war in Iraq by basing himself on the 18 woodcuts by Jacques Callot (1633) called Les Grandes Misères de la guerre, which was an inspiration also to Francisco Goya for his own Desastres de la guerra (1810-1815) on the Spanish war of independence.
The famous installation, In Flanders Fields, by Berlinde de Bruyckere is presented for the first time alongside the historic photographs that inspired it, on loan from the photographic archive of In Flanders Fields Museum at Ypres (Belgium) in which the artist spent some time in residence.
Also on show is the entire series of House beautiful bringing the war home by Martha Rosler, one of the most noted reflections on the relationship between war and media; Atlantic Wall by Magdalena Jetevola, a photographic installation about the bunkers of the Second World War, inspired by the texts of the French philosopher, Paul Virilio, and the Picnic o il buon soldato installation by Fabio Mauri in which the artist created a sort of still life using original everyday objects from the war years. Paolo Ventura, artist in residence at the Mart and former guest at the Casa dArte Futurista Depero in 2013 has produced a context-specific project called A regiment that goes underground. And finally, the recently restored Guerra-Festa (War-celebration) by Fortunato Depero goes on show after its recent restoration, on loan from the Galleria Nazionale dArte Moderna in Rome.
Some important archive documents dating from the First World War have been restored for the exhibition at the Mart, together with works of art, posters and remains from the Museo dellaeronautica Gianni Caproni of Trento, the Museo Civico del Risorgimento of Bologna, the Soprintendenza per i beni architettonici e archeologici of the Autonomous Province of Trento and the Soprintendenza per i beni storici, artistici e etnoantropologici for the Provinces of Venice, Belluno, Padua and Treviso Salce collection.
The volume accompanying the project includes texts by Massimo Recalcati, Rocco Ronchi, Marina Valcarenghi, Jean-Luc Nancy, Marcello Fois, Gustavo Corni, Diego Leoni, Fabrizio Rasera, Camillo Zadra, Saretto Cincinelli, Gabi Scardi, Marco Mondini, Paolo Pombeni and Franco Nicolis, together with other contributions by Serena Aldi, Nicoletta Boschiero,Veronica Caciolli, Selena Daly, Duccio Dogheria, Daniela Ferrari, Francesca Franco, Luca Gabrielli, Denis Isaia, Mariarosa Mariech, Marta Mazza, Luciana Senna, Alessandra Tiddia and Federico Zanoner