The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, December 26, 2014


Vincent van Gogh’s left ear produced by means of artificially engendered living tissue on view at ZKM
Diemut Strebe, Sugababe, 2014 (ongoing project) © Diemut Strebe.
KALSRUHE.- The exhibition of the work Sugababe by Diemut Strebe opened at the ZKM. The work is a replica of Vincent van Gogh’s left ear produced by means of artificially engendered living tissue. The reconstruction not only has the form of van Gogh‘s ear; it is constituted of living cells which contain natural and artificial information derived from one of van Gogh’s envelopes. The ear’s tissue was produced by means of 3D printers. Visitors can speak to the ear through a microphone. The words change once they pass through the nutrient solution in which the ear is placed and penetrate the artificial nerve tissue. The sound, as perceived by the ear is, in turn, rendered audible through a sound installation.

In Sugababe, Diemut Strebe, together with scientists, has regrown Vincent van Gogh’s ear.

Vincent van Gogh probably represents more than any other artist the stereotypical romantic image of the artist as a genius. Even some positions in theory of art tend to a certain mystification of artistic creativity compared to any other form of human innovations.

The ear is grown from tissue engineered cartilage and is “identical” in shape to van Gogh’s ear by using computer imaging technology. It is composed of living cells that contain natural genetic information about him as well as engineered components, replicating in the ear as a “living art-piece”.

The philosophical Theseus’ paradox forms the literary basis of the scientific approaches used in this art-project, that is the replacement of the genetic code at the molecular level, the cellular organization at the microscopic level and the composition of tissues and organs at the anatomic level.

In the late 1st century Plutarch asked in The Life of Theseus whether a ship, which was restored by replacing all its parts, remained the same ship. In the course of time many variations of the principle have been described. One of these variations refers to the title of the project.

The famous paradox is carried out with biological material making a particular form of human replication, from historical or synthesized material, a central focus of this project. The ear is one of a series of a limited edition, made of different scientific components referring in various way to the same principle of replacement.

Due to the preservability of the nutrient solution the work Sugababe will only be on display until July 6th, 2014 on the ground floor of the ZKM | Media Museum. Diemut Strebe is represented by the Feldman Gallery, which will present her work in New York in spring 2015.

Scientific description
Foreign DNA has the ability to replicate in living cells if it is incorporated properly, and if such DNA can be expressed as RNA and its encoded proteins in that species.

Replacement of new DNA that is present in living cells with segments of old DNA or synthesized segments of historic DNA can be used to recreate segments of DNA from a historical person that can be incorporated into living cells. By replacement of an entire genome a historical person could in theory be genetically “recreated” by inserting his or her DNA into the cell line of another human. The art-project works with this concept of replacement in various ways.

The Custodia foundation in Paris provided an envelope Vincent van Gogh used in 1883. On the 3rd of September 2012, samples of biological material were taken at Centre Universitaire Romand de Médecine Légale, Lausanne, from the stamp and the flap of an envelope.

DNA was extracted, a small part of the mitochondrial DNA was sequenced, cloned in vitro and incorporated into living cartilage cells, which had been acquired from Lieuwe van Gogh, a 4th generation descendant of Vincent van Gogh. As a male descendant in an uninterrupted male line he shares the Y chromosome with Vincent van Gogh and 1/16th of his genome.

The mtDNA that was found on the original envelope does not match the van Gogh maternal linage. However, for the principal of replacement it does not matter whether the historical material stems from Vincent van Gogh or anyone else. At this time, only sequenceable historical nuclear DNA, typically derived from bone marrow or teeth, has the ability to replicate and to function within the genome of a living cell line. Consequently, the historical mtDNA from the van Gogh-envelope was used in both a symbolic and to a certain degree conceptual manner. The segments of historic mtDNA were introduced into the nucleus of the cells to grow the ear, attached to entirely synthetic segments of DNA, that produce a foreign fluorescent protein.

According to the chronological development of this project in the starting format shown at ZKM | Karlsruhe, the historical mtDNA from the van Gogh-envelope was used and attached to additional DNA, consisting of a vector and a reporter gene, which was then inserted into the nucleus of the cells.

It multiplies and replicates as the cell multiplies. In the course of the project, the described concept of replacement will be developed by using other historical sources of nuclear DNA for the replacement of chromosomes or the replacement of an entire cell nucleus, by using nuclear transfer for cloning, as well as from scratch generated synthetic DNA rather than purely biological samples.





Today's News

June 4, 2014

"Hendrick Goltzius and Dutch Mannerist Printmaking" exhibition opens in Frankfurt

Distilled: Bernard Jacobson Gallery opens group exhibition at New York gallery

Vincent van Gogh’s left ear produced by means of artificially engendered living tissue on view at ZKM

Collection of founder of the Buffalo Bills NFL franchise to lead Sotheby's sale

Portland Art Museum acquires important collection of Robert Adams photographs

Ewbank's to sell The Michael Compton Collection of Post War and Contemporary Art

A summer sale of fine English furniture and decorative arts at Christie's South Kensington in July

Pop culture lasting legacies at Christie's South Kensington on 20 June 2014

Inside the White Cube: Alex da Corte opens exhibition at White Cube Bermondsey

Cuban-American artist Jorge Pardo opens exhibition in the Augustins Museum in Toulouse

Very rare eyewitness account of Zulu Battle of Rorke's Drift for sale at Bonhams

Bonhams turns 1859 dated $20 coin into $210,000 at Coins and Medals auction

Feed Folks, 1974, by David Hammons brings $1.2+ million at Heritage Auctions

Personal collection of moonwalker Alan Bean auctioned for $625,375

Jon Rafman's Hope Springs Eternal opens at galerie antoine ertaskiran in Toronto

Bonhams June Fine Jewelry Auction to feature the Onnalee Olson Doheny collection

Illuminating Objects: West African carved wooden pulley on view at the Courtauld Gallery

Titanic Belfast to close for major film production

St. Moritz Art Masters 2014 to focus on India

Thin Skin: Six artists from Beirut curated by Saleh Barakat opens at Taymour Grahne Gallery

Invaluable raises $33.75 million investment led by Insight Venture Partners to scale the live auction industry

Franco-German fund for contemporary art and architecture launches

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Colossal statue of Amenhotep III unveiled on the west bank of the Nile in Egypt

2.- British royals crown New York visit with gala dinner

3.- Missing artwork rediscovered in "Stuart Little" sells for over 200,000 euros at auction

4.- Rossetti's Venus Verticordia soars at Sotheby's in London to sell for £2.88 million

5.- Russian magnate buys, then returns Nobel prize to American geneticist James Watson

6.- Egyptian Museum unveils four newly renovated halls of the famed Tutankhamun gallery

7.- 'The Secret of Dresden: From Rembrandt to Canaletto' on view at the Groninger Museum

8.- Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum reopens after three-year renovation

9.- More than 200 queries about works by possible heirs received on Nazi-era art hoard

10.- Attorney, artist and filmmaker reflects on the seven lessons learned at 2014 Art Basel Miami Beach



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site