Converging Lines: Eva Hesse and Sol LeWitt, on view at the Blanton Museum of Art
February 23May 18, 2014, celebrates the close friendship between two of the most significant American artists of the post-war era: Eva Hesse (19361970) and Sol LeWitt (19282007). Organized by Veronica Roberts, the Blantons curator of modern and contemporary art, the exhibition features approximately 50 works, including many that have not been publicly exhibited for decades.
While their practices diverged in innumerable, seemingly antithetical waysLeWitts work is associated with ideas and system-based conceptual art and Hesses is associated with the body and her own handthis presentation illuminates the crucial impact of their friendship on both their art and lives. A scholarly catalogue published in association with Yale University Press accompanies the exhibition and includes essays by Roberts, Lucy Lippard, and others.
It is a privilege for the Blanton to present this exhibition, which highlights one of the most fascinating and important artistic friendships of the 20th century, remarked Blanton director Simone Wicha. This presentation will shed new light on Eva Hesse and Sol LeWitt and provide a deeper understanding of their impact on one another, while capturing the vibrant nature of the artistic dialogues and collaborations that took root in New York City during the 1960s.
Robert Slutzky, a distinguished former architecture professor at The University of Texas at Austin, first introduced Hesse and LeWitt in New York in the late 1950s. They, and other artists including Robert Mangold, Sylvia Plimack Mangold, Robert Ryman and art critic Lucy Lippard, all lived within close proximity of one another on the Bowery and supported each other in significant ways. In a 1993 interview, LeWitt noted, The discussions at that time were involved with new ways of making art, trying to invent the process, to regain basics, to be as objective as possible. * A map pinpointing the locations of dozens of artists, composers, and dancers studios will be on display in the exhibition, underscoring the dynamic environment of Lower Manhattan in the 1960s.
In spite of the dramatic differences between their artistic processes, Hesse and LeWitt nevertheless developed a close bond, evident in the extensive correspondence that ensued over the course of their more than decade-long friendship. In 1965, while Hesse was in Germany for a 15-month residency, LeWitt sent her an extraordinary 5-page letter in which he famously urged, Just stop thinking, worrying, looking over your shoulder wondering, doubting, fearing, hurting, hoping for some easy way out, struggling, grasping, confusing, itching, scratching, mumbling, bumbling, grumbling, humbling, stumbling, numbling, rumbling, gambling, tumbling, scumbling, scrambling, hitching, hatching, bitching, moaning, groaning, honing, boning, horse-shitting, hair-splitting, nit-picking, piss-trickling, nose sticking, ass-gouging, eyeball-poking, finger-pointing, alleyway-sneaking, long waiting, small stepping, evil-eyeing, back-scratching, searching, perching, besmirching, grinding, grinding, grinding away at yourself. Stop it and just DO! This letter, and postcards from LeWitt to Lucy Lippard, will be on display in the exhibition. The accompanying catalogue also reproduces dozens of postcards from LeWitts extensive correspondence with Hesse, illuminating the affectionate, and often humorous, nature of their friendship.
In 1970, immediately upon learning of Hesses premature death from a brain tumor at the age of 34, LeWitt created Wall Drawing #46 for an exhibition of his work in Paris. The work consists of a wall covered with not straight pencil lines that LeWitt drew as a way of paying homage to the organic contours that were a hallmark of Hesses art. This landmark work will be one of five wall drawings in the exhibition. All will be installed by artists who worked closely with LeWitt during his lifetime, with assistance from students at the University of Texas, in keeping with LeWitts longstanding interest in having students help create his work. More than an isolated gesture of affection, Wall Drawing #46 demonstrates how Hesses artistic influence shaped LeWitts practice in indelible ways.
Numerous works in the exhibition also illustrate the reverse: LeWitts impact on Hesses work. Accession V, a galvanized steel and rubber sculpture, responds to LeWitt in its use of the cube (a quintessential LeWittian and Minimalist form); the sculpture also marks one of Hesses first attempts at working with outside fabricators, a practice commonly used by LeWitt at the time. The artists artistic dialogue is also evident in a striking 1969 Hesse drawing with gouache, silver paint and pencil that features stacked horizontal lines. With its silvery palette and grid-like composition, this untitled work, which has not been publicly exhibited for 30 years, hints at LeWitts influence on Hesses evolution as an artist.
Other highlights include several important early LeWitt sculptures (or structures, to use his preferred term) that have not been displayed in 50 years, a 1969 Hesse drawing from the collection of Agnes Gund, and several Hesse sculptures and drawings from the LeWitt Collection, The Museum of Fine Arts Houston, and the Yale University Art Gallery.