NEW YORK, NY.- The Whitney Museum of American Art
announced the loan of two Edward Hopper paintings to The White House. The two paintings, Burly Cobbs House, South Truro and Cobbs Barns, South Truro, both dated 19301933, were installed in the Oval Office last week.
We are pleased and honored to lend two paintings by Edward Hopperthe artist with whom the Whitney Museum of American Art is most closely identifiedto The White House for display in the Oval Office, said Adam D. Weinberg, the Alice Pratt Brown Director of the Whitney. Edward Hoppers history with the Whitney goes back to our roots in 1920, when he was given his first one-person exhibition at the Whitney Studio Club, forerunner to the Whitney Museum. Since the founding of the Museum in 1930, we have exhibited Hoppers work more than any other artist and are proud to house the greatest collection of Hoppers in the world. We hope these beautiful Cape Cod landscapes will give great pleasure to President Obama and to all who see them.
Edward Hopper (18821967) is universally recognized as one of the most significant artists of the twentieth century. Known primarily for the oil paintings of urban life and the American landscape that he created from the 1920s to the 1960s, Hopper subtly intertwined observations of the real with his imagination to create an aesthetic that has influenced not only painting but also popular culture, photography, and film.
Born in Nyack, New York, to a middle-class family, Hopper was artistically inclined from a young age. In 1900, after a brief stint in a school for commercial illustration, Hopper entered the New York School of Art in in Manhattan, which was founded by the celebrated American painter William Merritt Chase. While there he changed his focus from illustration to painting, studying with Robert Henri, the leader of the Ashcan School, a group of artists known for their realistic depictions of contemporary American life. Despite being included in the landmark Armory Show exhibition in 1913, Hopper received little critical attention in his early years and supported himself as an illustrator for magazines and journals.
In 1920, Hopper had his first one-person exhibition at the Whitney Studio Club in Greenwich Village and was included in eight subsequent exhibitions there before it closed to make way for the Whitney Museum of American Art. On July 9, 1924, Hopper married Josephine Verstille Nivison, a fellow painter who had also studied at the New York School of Art. By the end of the decade, he had begun to receive greater attention from critics, curators, and the public. He was included in the Museum of Modern Arts second exhibition, Nineteen Living Americans (1929). When the Whitney Museum opened in 1931, Hoppers landmark painting Early Sunday Morning (1930), a gift from founder Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, was among its most important early acquisitions. In 1932, his painting Room in New York (1932) was exhibited in the first Whitney Biennial, and his work continued to be shown in the Museums Biennials and Annuals throughout his career.
In 1930, Hopper and his wife began dividing their time between Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and Washington Square in New York. By this point, Hoppers work had been presented in Philadelphia, Boston, and Chicago, giving him a prominent national presence. Hoppers three lifetime retrospectives were all held in New Yorkthe first at the Museum of Modern Art (1933), the others at the Whitney Museum (1950 and 1964). By the time of his death in 1967, Hoppers reputation as one of the countrys most important artists was firmly cemented. After Josephines death, Hoppers artistic holdings, including Burly Cobbs House, South Truro and Cobbs Barns, South Truro, were bequeathed to the Museum. Because of this bequest, the Whitney Museum has more than 2,500 paintings, drawings, watercolors, and prints by Hopper in its collection, making it the worlds largest repository of works by the artist. It is also home to the Edward and Josephine Hopper Research collection in the archives of the Whitney Museums Frances Mulhall Achilles Library, which preserves a wide array of primary materials on Hoppers life and career.
Arrangements for the loan of the two Hopper paintings to The White House were overseen by Dana Miller, curator of the Whitneys permanent collection.
Burly Cobbs House, South Truro and Cobbs Barns, South Truro
Hopper and his wife began to spend their summers in South Truro, on Cape Cod in 1930, eventually building a house of the artists own design there in 1934. Although there had been important artistic communities for decades on Cape Cod, Provincetown in particular, South Truro was more rural and isolated. Solitary and introspective by nature, Hopper found the quietude of South Truro restorative. They rented a cottage they nicknamed Bird Cage Cottage, which was perched on a hill overlooking the farm of the local postmaster A. B. Burleigh Cobb, from whom they rented the house. Between 1930 and 1933, Hopper made a series of paintings, watercolors, and drawings of the buildings and barns on the Cobb property, exploring the structures from several angles and at different times of the day. Burly Cobbs House, South Truro and Cobbs Barns, South Truro feature the lush, rolling hills and open, luminous skies that attracted the Hoppers to the region. Although he worked in a figurative mode, Hopper was always attentive to formal structure and abstract design in his workan approach that is evident in the interlocking planes formed by the barn and outbuildings in these two paintings. Emblematic examples of his work, these paintings capture the strong sense of atmosphere and light as well as the empty stillness that characterize much of Hoppers imagery. They also demonstrate Hoppers fascination with the various forms of this countrys vernacular architecturea subject he would return to again and again, resulting in some of the most enduring images of American art.