NEW YORK, NY.- BachmannEckenstein | JapaneseArt
are showing in their 11th year in New York as an Affiliate Member of the JADA (Japanese Art Dealers Association), and as a member of Asia Week New York. The respected Swiss dealers show again at Gallery Schlesinger | Franklin Riehlman Fine Art on 73rd Street off Madison Avenue.
This years focus will be on landscapes: dramatic, idealized, existing and imagined. They all gravitate around the stylistic ideals of Literati painters from the 18th through to the early 20th centuries.
Japans Literati painters (also known as Nanga or Bunjinga) tried to emulate Chinese scholarly paintings for their ideal of art for art sake, rather than art for mere decoration or profit. Although travel to China was initially forbidden, Woodblock printed books, collections of Chinese paintings within temples, and the occasional itinerant Chinese painter served as educators for this style. In keeping with the principal of the scholar-recluse, they generally declined to serve the samurai class, and instead eking out their living through patronage from educated merchants and farmers. and in the early Meiji period to the new government leaders. They often painted for each other and prided themselves on being intellectuals, poets, tea masters, raconteurs, as well as painters.
Below are a few highlights from some of the most prominent and interesting of the scholar-painters .
Ikeno Taiga (1723-1776), a central figure of the second generation of Nanga painters, is represented by a dense vertical summer mountain landscape, executed around 1760. The limited use of color gives a warmth to the roughness of the mountain landscape.
Kameda Bosai (1752-1826), best known for his calligraphy, in which he received formal training. His landscapes are known for their simple compositions, and the spread and the unevenness of the tones of his ink across the surface.
Hine Taizan (1813-1869) called himself a professional Meiji literati painter; he was not only one of the leading literati masters of his time, but also one of the best landscape artists.
Yamanaka Shinten'o (1822-1885) a self-taught versatile artist who was very well connected in the Kyoto literati world, he wasnt only a participant, but also an important patron. His style typically shows landscapes with strong distortions and bold brushwork, primarily with just black ink, and only rarely with hints of other color. He made his own seals and an exceptionally wide range of them are used on his works.
Tomioka Tessai (1836-1924) is another self-taught artist, but inspired by various known artists of his time including Shinteno. He reached his pinnacle in old age.
Fukuda Kodojin (1865-1944) Stephen Addiss has described him as the last great Nanga painter and is readily identifiable easy by his erratic brushwork and radical form as in this eccentric waterfall landscape.