NEW YORK, NY.-
Antonio Canova (1757-1822), the greatest of all Neoclassical sculptors, remains famous above all for his elegant, nude mythological subjects carved in marble. But he also worked in a spiritual mode, at once deeply serious and deceptively simple. This less familiar Canova is revealed in an extraordinary series of full-scale plaster models illustrating episodes from the Old and New Testaments that are on view in Antonio Canova: The Seven Last Works at the Metropolitan Museum
through April 27, 2014. The sculptures in this exhibition were made in connection with a project for 32 reliefs, illustrating scenes from the Bible, that were to adorn the Tempio Canoviano, the churchlater his mausoleumthat he built for his home town of Possagno. He completed only seven of the models before his death. They constitute Canovas last, profoundly moving masterworks.
The low reliefs, fashioned as metopes, were intended to occupy the frieze on the three sides of the Tempios porch. Canova worked on the full-scale clay models between December 1821 and April 1822, by which date he had completed four reliefs from the Book of Genesis and three from the Gospel of Luke: The Creation of the World, The Creation of Adam, Cain and Abel, The Sacrifice of Isaac, The Annunciation, The Visitation, and The Presentation of Christ in the Temple. He then had plaster casts madethese were a distinctive feature of Canovas sculptural practice that allowed him to review his compositions and transfer them into stone. He sent the plasters from Rome to Venice, where reputable sculptors carved them in Istrian stone. Canova died a few months later, following a trip to Possagno to check on the progress of work on the temple, leaving his final project incomplete. Drawing inspiration from ancient sculpture and early Renaissance masters, the models are striking for the marked linearity of the figures, arranged in brilliantly syncopated compositions.
Newly restored, the works have been lent for the first time to the United States. Six of the reliefs come from the Gallerie dellAccademia in Venice and one from the Gipsoteca in Possagno. New technical study and art-historical research demonstrate that of the three series of these plaster reliefs that survive, the Accademia reliefs are Canovas original plaster working models. They still preserve the impression of the clay reliefs from which they were molded. A seventh plaster, The Creation of the World, from the Gipsoteca in Possagno, is exhibited in place of the lost original.
The reliefs are both stilling and charged with intensity.
The exhibition is organized by Peter Jonathan Bell, Assistant Curator, and Paola dAgostino, formerly Senior Research Associate, both in the Department of European Sculpture and Decorative Arts at the Metropolitan Museum.
Gallery design is by Michael Langley, Exhibition Design Manager; lighting is by Clint Ross Coller and Richard Lichte, Lighting Design Managers; and graphics are by Sophia Geronimus, Graphic Design Manager, all of the Museums Design Department.