The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, November 28, 2014


"Surrealism and the Dream" opens at the Thyssen-Bornemisza museum in Madrid
A man watches a photography of Paul Nouge next to the painting "La isla invisible" of Roland Penrose (L) during the exhibition entitled "Surrealism and the Dream" at the Thyssen-Bornemisza museum in Madrid, on October 7, 2013. AFP PHOTO/ GERARD JULIEN.
MADRID.- The Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza is presenting the first monographic exhibition on Surrealism and the dream. Including a total of 163 works by the great Surrealist masters –André Breton, Salvador Dalí, Paul Delvaux, Yves Tanguy, Joan Miró, René Magritte, Max Ernst, André Masson, Jean Arp and Man Ray– the exhibition will offer a thematic presentation of the Surrealists’ visual interpretation of the world of dreams. The works in the exhibition are loaned from museums, galleries and private collections around the world including the Centre Pompidou (Paris), Tate Modern (London), the Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), among many others.

Surrealism should not be considered just one more art movement: rather, it was an attitude to life essentially based on a vision of interior images accessed through the flow of desire. Its ideas have had a key influence on all subsequent art and on the contemporary mindset. The present exhibition aims to demonstrate that this influence has its most profound roots in the Surrealist connection between dream and image.

In order to do so, the exhibition will include examples from the wide range of media in which this link is evident: painting, drawing, graphic work, collage, objects, sculptures, photography and film. The Surrealists’ creative horizon encompassed all art forms that could enrich and expand the mind, and its doors were equally open to painters, sculptors, photographers and filmmakers who were the first to adopt the fusion of expressive genres with a multimedia aesthetic during a period of major technological advances in the production and reproduction of images.

From this viewpoint, the role played by film was crucial. The darkness of the cinema brought about an encounter with the unexpected and the amazing of an unpremeditated and unconscious kind. Looking at the silver screen was the realm of waking dreams. According to André Breton, it was in cinemas that “the only totally modern mystery was celebrated”.

In the present exhibition the cinema is represented by seven video installations that will project excerpts from selected Surrealist films including Un chien d’Andalou (1929) by Louis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí, in which the idea of alienation or rootlessness – a key concept in the Surrealist aesthetic - is taken to its furthest limit. The film discards any narrative ordering in order to unfold a flow of images that is as open as a dream.

The significant presence of female artists in the exhibition is another important feature. For the first time, women artists encountered a key role within the context of Surrealism and one that gradually extended beyond their initial function as muses, objects of desire or companions. Many of them developed a creative personality that challenged or differed from those of their male colleagues. The large number (eleven) of women artists represented in the present exhibition, including Claude Cahun, Kay Sage, Nadja, Toyen, Dora Maar, Leonor Fini, Remedios Varo, Dorothea Tanning, Ángeles Santos, Meret Oppenheim and Leonora Carrington, offers proof of the unique nature of their contribution to the Surrealist representation of dreams.

The other half of life
The Surrealists’ most important contribution to the artistic concept of the dream lies in the way that they ceased to consider it a void or a hole in consciousness, rather seeing it as the other half of life and a conscious plane of experience. Knowledge and liberation of this plane was central to the enrichment and expansion of the interior world, which was the principal aim of these artists. In this sense, Goya, with his depiction of the dream as a realm of human reality devoid of the supernatural or mythical connotations that were present in earlier art, crucially embarked on a direction that would be pursued by the Surrealists a century later.

From the dream to art
The liberation of the visual arts from a mimetic reproduction of exterior reality was one of the factors that brought about the transformation of modern art, particularly from the second half of the 19th century with the artistic avant-gardes. One of the most crucial aspects of the Surrealists’ contribution to this transformation was their championing of the representation of the dream world in art. In order to do so, they looked for a place in which dream and reality came together, moving to and from between the interior and exterior. Through their artistic endeavours the Surrealists thus transcribed the materials of the dream in visual form.

The visual material in Surrealism and the Dream is divided into eight thematic sections: 1. Those who paved the way (of dreams) (Key antecedents, by way of an introduction…); 2. I is another (The variations and metamorphoses of identity); 3. The infinite conversation (The dream is the surmounting of Babel: all languages talk to one other, all languages are the same); 4. Beyond good and evil (A world in which neither morality nor reason prevail); 5. Where anything is possible (Omnipotence, anything is possible in the dream) 6. The harsh glint of desire (The compulsion of Eros freed from the censorship of conscious life) 7. Landscapes of a different place (An alternative universe that is nonetheless part of the existing one) and 8. Irresistible perturbations (The nightmare, the anxiety);





Today's News

October 9, 2013

"Surrealism and the Dream" opens at the Thyssen-Bornemisza museum in Madrid

"Avigdor Arikha: Works from 1966-2010" opens at Marlborough Fine Art in London

Last de Kooning painting consigned to Keno Auctions by artist's caregiver Grace Tafe

French reign at Bonhams New York European Paintings auction on November 6

New book from SteidlDangin: Hustlers by New York based photographer Philip-Lorca diCorcia

Rainbow selection of fancy colored diamonds, long-held fine art collection headline Morphy's Nov. 1-2 auction

Joint works by L.S. Lowry and Harold Riley collected by top 70s football manager for sale at Bonhams

In an unusual take on what constitutes an art gallery, artists shine at Hong Kong contemporary art show

Collaborative exhibition represents photographer's first career-spanning presentation

Amherst College debuts "once-in-a-Generation" acquisition: Ancient Roman sarcophagus

The San Diego Museum of Art receives $1.5 million donation from Conrad Prebys and Debbie Turner

Julien's Auctions hosts The Trilogy Collection: Props & Costumes From Middle Earth

"Kabuki: Japanese Theatre Woodblock Prints" opens at National Museum of Scotland

Exhibition of paintings by pioneering Palestinian artist Samia Halaby opens at Ayyam Gallery in London

Two new exhibitions explore the influence and history of the kibbutz on art and Jewish life

Major exhibition of photographic and video works by Willie Doherty at City Factory Gallery

Alex Schweder: Rehearsal Space at the Glass House

Mid-career survey of New Orleans artist Gina Phillips on view at The Ogden Museum of Southern Art

Erskine, Hall & Coe Ltd. opens exhibition of works by Jennifer Lee

QUAD in Derby presents the first UK showing of Monocular by Lindsay Seers

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Greece holds breath as skeleton found in Alexander the Great-era tomb at Amphipolis

2.- Spain mourns the death of art collector Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, Duchess of Alba

3.- Meet the ancestors: Exhibition at Bordeaux gallery reveals faces of prehistoric humans

4.- Getty Foundation and partners launch free of charge online art collection catalogues

5.- Historic photos of dead Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara resurface in small Spanish town

6.- Exhibition showcases the first two 'Poesie' created by Titian following their restoration

7.- O'Keeffe painting sells for more than three times the previous world auction record for any female artist

8.- Crystal Bridges announces the departure of museum President Don Bacigalupi

9.- artnet Auctions offers a later example of Yayoi Kusama's important Infinity-Nets series

10.- 'Degenerate art' should go back to museums: German advisor Jutta Limbach



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site