Since the year 2000, the Boston AthenŠum
has added more than fifty paintings and sculptures to its collection of fine arts. Collecting for the Boston AthenŠum in the 21st Century: Paintings and Sculpture, on view in the AthenŠums Norma Jean Calderwood Gallery from September 25, 2013, through February 15, 2014, features the highlights, including paintings by Cephas Thompson, William McGregor Paxton, William Morris Hunt, John Sloan, and Frank Duveneck and sculpture by Thomas Ball, Leonard Baskin, Bashka Paeff, Richard Henry Park, and Albert Wein . All have been acquired for the AthenŠum by gift, bequest, or purchase since the turn of the twenty-first century.
Besides exploring recent directions in the AthenŠums collecting, the exhibition serves as an update and addendum to the paintings and sculpture section of the AthenŠums bicentennial exhibition, Acquired Tastes: 200 Years of Collecting for the Boston AthenŠum. This 2007 traveling show surveyed the AthenŠums collecting during its entire first two centuries.
At least twenty percent of the objects in the current exhibition have a connection to another object or group of objects already in the collection, says David B. Dearinger, Susan Morse Hilles Curator of Paintings & Sculpture. Others fill historical or aesthetic gaps in the collection, especially for those periods in the history of American art, such as the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, when the AthenŠum was doing little systematic collecting of art.
Among the works in Collecting for the Boston AthenŠum is William McGregor Paxtons Impressionist-influenced Elizabeth Vaughan Okie (ca. 1895). Okie was a Boston artist who later became Paxtons wife. This is the earliest known portrait of [Elizabeth Okie] by her husband, Dearinger says, and may have been painted specifically for her, possibly as an engagement or wedding gift. Most of Paxtons early paintings were destroyed in a studio fire in the first decade of the twentieth century, making this a rare survivor of that part of his oeuvre.
Albert Weins plaster maquette Libby Dam, 1973, is, as Dearinger notes, a study for the sculptors chef doeuvre, a monumental relief sculpture that he created in 1973 for the Treaty Tower of the New Libby Dam in Montana. The finished sculpture measures over thirty by twenty seven feet and was carved from Vermont granite. The work is a gift from the artists estate.
Polly [Ethel] Thayers engaging Shopping for Furs (ca. 1945) brings the total number of Thayers paintings in the AthenŠum's collection to seven. The work is the first genre painting by Thayer to enter the collection and, therefore, adds depths to the institutions holdings. Undoubtedly posed by a carefully selected model, the figure is a brilliant study in the numbing exhaustion brought on by the mundane, ultimately meaningless activity of shopping for luxury items.
Born in 1904, Thayer had a remarkably long artistic career in Boston and died in 2006, aged 101. This work was acquired in 2010.
Prominent Boston School painter William Morris Hunts allegorical nude, Boy with a Butterfly (1870), illustrates Hunts classical training in Dusseldorf and Paris and the influence of contemporary French painters such as Thomas Couture and Jean-Franšois Millet. The painting was originally in the collection of Hunts famous architect brother, Richard Morris Hunt, and remained in the family until its bequest to the AthenŠum in 2004.
The Boston AthenŠum began actively collecting and exhibiting art in 1827, one of the first American institutions to do so. It has continued to collect ever since, even after closing its public exhibition spaces in 1876. In July of that year, after several years of exhibiting at the AthenŠums galleries, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, opened its doors in its first permanent home in Copley Square. Thereafter, the Museum of Fine Arts took on the role of Bostons leading public art museum.
The AthenŠums art collection now constitutes over 100,000 works, including paintings, sculptures, prints, drawings, photographs, and decorative arts. When the AthenŠums Norma Jean Gallery opened in 2002, the Athenaeum reinvigorated its program of public art exhibitions.