LOS ANGELES, CA.-
A. Quincy Jones: Building for Better Living is the first major museum career survey of the Los Angeles-based architects work and pays special attention to the unique collaborative nature of his practice. The exhibition is presented as part of the larger Getty-sponsored initiative Pacific Standard Time Presents: Modern Architecture in L.A. Archibald Quincy Jones (19131979), who was known as Quincy, practiced architecture in Los Angeles from 1937 until his death in 1979. A quiet modernist and dedicated architecture professor at the University of Southern California, Jones worked to bring a high standard of design to the growing middle class by reconsidering and refining postwar housing and emphasizing cost-effective, innovative, and sustainable building methods. In addition, Jones is among the first architects of this period to view developments as an opportunity to build community through shared green spaces, varied home models, and non-grid site planning. Jones is credited with over 5,000 built projects, most of which still exist today, as the clients and homeowners shared Joness compassion for better living. Known by architects for designing from the inside out, Joness homes and buildings are celebrated for expansive interior spaces, thoughtful and efficient building layouts, and a reverence for the outdoors, which still resonates in contemporary design today. A. Quincy Jones: Building for Better Living is organized by the Hammer
and guest-curated by Jennifer Dunlop Fletcher, Head of Department/Associate Curator of Architecture + Design at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
The Getty has once again created an opportunity for us to develop a long overdue scholarly examination of L.A.s hidden history, remarks Hammer Director Ann Philbin. A. Quincy Jones is among the citys most under-recognized native sons and his designs in many ways encapsulate the complexity of the urban landscape here. Like L.A. itself, his work is on one hand glamorous and trendsetting, however the real thrust and strength can been seen in everyday work environments and domestic spaces.
The exhibition and the accompanying publication are significant additions to the field of architecture history as they illuminate Joness largely under-recognized contributions to late mid-century modern architecture and planning. To demonstrate Joness ability to work at many scales and across a wide variety of building types, the exhibition is organized thematically. On view in Gallery 4 of the Hammer, the exhibition groups similar architectural typologies together to give a sense of how he designed to enhance the use of a buildingthe groupings include community developments, large-scale single family homes, work spaces, churches, schools, and libraries. In addition, a central space will be dedicated to mapping Joness collaborative practice, which was often aligned with corporate sponsors, developers, and design colleagues with a shared goal of improving livable space not just for economic gain but for societal betterment as well.
The show draws from significant design collections including Joness personal and professional archives, which are housed at UCLA in the Charles E. Young Research Librarys Department of Special Collections. The exhibition presents original architectural drawings, a rare Case Study House model, and vintage photographs by Julius Shulman, Ernest Braun and other notable photographers of the period. The architectural drawings include a range of sketches, architectural plans, and exquisite perspective and axonometric drawings by Jones and associate architects in Jones and Frederick E. Emmonss office, including Kaz Nomura. New photography of many of the projects, which the Hammer commissioned from the photographer Jason Schmidt, are also included in the exhibition with a few key images enlarged to close to actual scale in order to give the visitor a sense of a physical experience of Joness architecture.
Jones is equally well-known for the glamorous homes he designed for clients like the actor Gary Cooper and the art collectors Frances and Sidney Brody, as he is for his sensitive and modest housing developments built in the 1950s and 1960s. From 1946 to 1950 Jones worked with a collaborative team of other architects, engineers, and landscape architects to design the Mutual Housing Association of Crestwood Hills, a unique housing cooperative of more than 160 homes in Los Angeless Santa Monica Mountains. Additionally, with his professional partner Frederick E. Emmons, Jones designed many Eichler Homes developments in California around San Francisco and Los Angeles. Easy-going and ambitious, Jones worked closely and often with other designers, including architects Paul R. Williams, Frederick Emmons, Whitney Smith, and Edgardo Contini; landscape architects Garrett Eckbo and Thomas Church; developer Joseph Eichler; and interior designer William Haines, among others, throughout his career.
It is a good moment to revisit A. Quincy Joness practice as public interest design is resurfacing, notes exhibition curator Jennifer Dunlop Fletcher. Formally, Jones employed signature gestures for maximal comfort and efficiency on projects of any scale, which in itself is interesting. However, conceptually, Jones is significant for his unrelenting pursuit of designs obligation to provide high-quality communal spaces, which could be a single-family home, a restaurant, a library as well as a development, which includes all of those. Im noticing a return to design as problem-solving for the collective, and Joness practice deserves a second-look in this regard.
In addition to residential architecture, A. Quincy Jones also designed churches, restaurants, libraries, university buildings, schools, and commercial buildings. Jones prioritized the spatial experience of each buildings interior space, used lightweight structural systems, and had an interest in greenbelt planning, making him a premier architect for the residential developments and corporate campuses that flourished during the post-war period. He constantly experimented with materials including steel, plywood, and masonry block construction and put particular emphasis on the siting of buildings to ensure access to light, air, ventilation, and views.
Projects include work for John Entenzas Case Study House program, Sasha Brastoff ceramics factory, USCs Annenberg School of Communications, expanded headquarters for furniture manufacturer Herman Miller, and a Tiny Naylors restaurant and bar. Notable built projects around Los Angeles, which are still in use, include St. Michael and All Angels Episcopal Church (Studio City, 1962) and the Northridge Congregational Church (Northridge, 1962), both of which feature soaring interior spaces that utilize laminated timber construction, and the headquarters for Warner Bros Records (Burbank, 1975), which brought the warmth of materials associated with the domestic scale to a large office building.