An exquisite selection of drawings by Victorian artist Edward Burne-Jones opened at the Lady Lever Art Gallery
on 14 June 2013 and runs to 12 January 2014.
Composed of around 30 delicate drawings and watercolours, The Drawings of Edward Burne-Jones: A Pre-Raphaelite Master is an exploration of the method and skills behind some of his best-known works.
Works too delicate for long-term display have been brought out of storage, including the stunning watercolour, Sponsa de Libano. At more than three meters tall, the spectacular piece is one of Burne-Joness most ambitious watercolours, and has not been on public display for almost two decades.
Assistant Curator of Fine Art, Lucy Gardner said: Burne-Jones was one of the most significant British artists of the 19th century. This exhibition explores his passion for drawing and the painstaking commitment he had to his work. Drawn entirely from National Museums Liverpools own collection, this is our first exhibition completely dedicated to Burne-Jones.
The outstanding collection gives a captivating overview of his varied career and an understanding of his ardent belief in arts ability to inspire and uplift.
Arranged thematically the exhibition starts with independent drawings, made not with a composition in mind but as artworks in their own right. Tender images of beautiful women with wide, expressive eyes, demonstrate his fascination with female beauty and youth.
These drawings trace some of the changes in the artists style which continued to develop throughout his long career. They also point to the influence of Italian Renaissance artists whose work, under the influence of art critic and writer John Ruskin, Burne-Jones fervently studied and admired.
The second section explores the preparatory studies and drawings Burne-Jones produced as research for larger drawings, watercolours and tapestries. It includes studies made for major works such as his Pygmalion Series, The Briar Rose Series and The Wheel of Fortune. They reveal Burne-Jones exhaustive method of building compositions.
The content of these well thought out compositional studies also convey Burne-Jones passion for Romantic and classical literature. Knights, mermaids, goddesses and beautiful women are all present in drawings inspired by myth and legend.
The final section presents a number of designs for stained glass windows. In 1861 Burne-Jones assisted William Morris in founding Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Co. Until his death Burne-Jones supplied the company with vast numbers of designs for all sorts of decorative schemes, his most stunning and effective designs being those made for stained glass.
Originally Burne-Jones planned to enter the church and it is clear from this work that religion remained an important drive to his creativity. Similarly the influence of his artistic-pilgrimages to Italy, continue to be present within these designs. (He was once so moved by the work of Michaelangelo he lay on the floor in the middle of the busy Sistine Chapel to gain a more complete view.)
Two watercolours of St Gabriel and St Raphael have a personal significance. They are designs for the stained glass windows of St Margarets Church, Rottingdean, Sussex, which Burne-Jones donated to the church to commemorate the marriage of his daughter. The village had a special hold on the Burne-Jones family who had a summer home there, an escape from busy London life.
Also on display are pages from a rare loose-leaf edition of The Flower Book. Comprising of 38 watercolours inspired by folklore flower names, only 300 copies were ever made. The project took more than 16 years to complete, but the dedicated artist worked on it for his own pleasure, commenting he was striving to uncover the secrets locked inside each name.