PRAGUE.- Sparkling motifs, teeming with birds of paradise and intoxicatingly sweet flowers, are Raqib Shaws journey into the landscape of dreams. The rediscovered paradise within the dramatic beauty of nature and the wildness of an animal bestiary form a blinding and opulent Pans symphony that soon transforms into a howling, cruel spectacle with a strong erotic, almost sadomasochistic, subtext. Majestic sceneries, abundantly filled with hybrid creatures half man, half animal that behave so humanly it is almost brutal, eloquently present the relationship between human and animal behavior and reveal the bloody riddles of mythological stories. They are exquisite depictions of spectral otherworldly fairytales reflecting a melodramatic fusion of sensual beauty and painful sorrow that recount the artists personal story and sense of life.
Raqib Shaw is an admirer of nature who loves mountains and lakes above all else. He seeks to quiet scarred emotions in paintings that form an immense arc linking his Indian past with a deep knowledge of European visual and literary culture. Besides a passion for nature and natural wonders, Shaws main source of inspiration is the tradition of European and Eastern literature. With this in mind, if we look at his paintings we can identify references to Homers Odyssey, Aeschylus Prometheus Bound, the stories from Ovids Metamorphoses, the poetic visions found in Miltons Paradise Lose, the perversion, eccentricity and surrealism of Lautréamonts Songs of Maldoror, and a more than striking similarity with the protagonist of Huysmans novel Against the Grain, Wu Chengens Monkey King, and many others.
Shaws phantasmagoric world of the triumph of delight and enchanting beauty is a synthesis of religion and mythology, combined with a foreboding admixture of omnipresent danger. Just as the ephemeral beauty of the flower has been compared to the grace of the ballet dancer, whose dreamlike fragility contains a singular strength, so too is the work of Raqib Shaw proof of an uncommonly surprising intensity, energy and merit.
Raqib Shaw was born in 1974 in Calcutta and grew up in Kashmir, the son of an Indian merchant of rare fabrics, rugs and jewelry. His family loosely combined Hindu, Buddhist and Christian traditions. He lived in India until he was 18, and in 1998 moved to London to study art at Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design. His early career is marked by the unusual decisiveness with which he opted for painting in a world dominated by conceptual art and new media. Since the classical medium of oil painting failed to entice him, he began to experiment with the use of enamel, which occurred for entirely practical reasons. Enamel paints and lacquer used in the automotive industry were more readily available and more than sufficient for the experiments that eventually gave rise to a specific, almost alchemist technique marked by an extraordinary level of precision and unique colors reminiscent of the radiant glimmer of the morning dew. Shaw applies the enamel using porcupine quills; he does not mix the colors to create additional hues but keeps them in their pure form. As a result, we can see the precision with which white paint has been mixed into the clear tones, giving the motifs plasticity and blinding intensity. All this is combined with and further accentuated by the use of rhinestones and jewels that increase the scenes relief-like nature, vitality and wildness. This technique most closely resembles the traditional cloisonné approach found primarily in medieval objects of applied art. It is an exceptional form of painting.
This is the first time that Raqib Shaws work is being exhibited in the Czech Republic to such an extent. The exhibition presents works from recent years representing the pinnacle of his career to date. It has been organized in collaboration with the Manchester Art Gallery, where it originally premiered. Nevertheless, its Prague version is unique in that it was designed in direct collaboration with the artist. Shaw has previously exhibited at some of the worlds leading galleries, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, Tate Britain and White Cube in London, and Kunsthalle Wien. Now, his work comes to Prague as well. Shaw holds a unique position within contemporary art; he is a solitary gem whose art cannot be compared to any contemporary artistic tendencies.
The exhibition includes works held by private collections from around the world, in particular from the series Absence of God, Whimsy Beasties, Suites, Paradise Lost, Garden of Earthly Delights, as well as the sculpture Small Adam. The latter helps to develop a dialogue between Shaws painting and sculpture, and accentuates the spectacular nature of his painted works. Through these central series whose main sources of inspiration are nature, beauty, sorrow and literature, Shaw reflects upon the moral and social state of todays era; he becomes the master of a staged spectacle of wanton destruction, decay and the fall of man, set against a refined blend of motifs from the cultural tradition of human civilization that unconsciously reflect the interconnected nature of contemporary global culture.
His dramatic animal scenes and intentional botanical metaphors form a set of encrypted stories of mythological, religious and mythical origin in which he combines suggestive interpretations of the Old Masters of Western artistic tradition with the history of the visual and literary culture of East and West. His art addresses the international cultural scene with the ambition to creatively incorporate the tradition of Eastern art into Western art history without engaging in a mindless adoration of either. Shaw explores post-colonial issues typical for Britain while remaining fully aware of his own roots, for instance by evoking the cultural heritage of India from the viewpoint of a Brit or Great Britain. The double nature of this approach allows him to observe the birth of a new, independent attitude unburdened by simplistic readings of both countrys historical, political and social development; instead, the complex mosaic of nuances and subtle webs of meaning reveal the barbaric and bestial nature of civilization that, though sometimes more cleverly hidden, fully pervades all his work.
The art of Raqib Shaw offers a sensual way out of crisis and a refuge from the aggression and vulgarity of the world a refuge made flesh in Shaws personal studio, overflowing in a profusion of flowers and reminiscent of an artificial grotto; it is an apotheosis of art for arts sake. Shaws philosophy in life thus often resembles the eccentric attitude of the central figure in the novel Against the Grain, Jean Des Esseintes, with whom he shares a committed and focused attention for sensory experiences and aesthetic experiences, thus creating tasteful aesthetic excess without purpose, for arts sake only. In this hedonistic view, every day is an aesthetic surprise and enchantment. Des Esseintes took delight in the hedonistic observation of paintings introducing him to an unfamiliar world, revealing to him traces of new possibilities, stirring the nervous system by erudite phantasies, complicated dreams of horror, visions of careless wickedness and cruelty. Des Esseintes favorite themes are strikingly similar to Shaws fantastical visions, and both of them also share an admiration for the work of Gustave Moreau. Like Shaw today, Moreau was an exceptional artist in his day, and it is difficult to compare their work or find a kinship with other works of art.