LONDON.- Wellcome Collection
s spring exhibition, 'Souzou: Outsider Art from Japan', brings together more than 300 works for the first major display of Japanese Outsider Art in the UK. The 46 artists represented in the show are residents and attendees of social welfare institutions across the main island of Honshu, and they present diverse bodies of work including ceramics, textiles, paintings, sculpture and drawings. 'Souzou' is a word that has no direct translation in English but a dual meaning in Japanese. It can be written two ways, meaning either 'creation' or 'imagination'. Both allude to a force by which new ideas are born and take shape in the world.
Organised in association with Het Dolhuys, the Museum of Psychiatry in Haarlem (the Netherlands) and the Social Welfare Organisation Aiseikai (Tokyo), the exhibition reflects the growing popularity of and acclaim for Outsider Art often defined as works made by self-taught artists perceived to be at the margins of society while questioning assumptions about the category itself. Eschewing a purely biographical approach, the show is object-led, with a startling array of works offering singular and affecting explorations of culture, memory and creativity.
The exhibition records both intimately personal and expansive approaches to creating art and the processes of making, through six overlapping sections. Language explores the creative release of visual expression for artists for whom verbal or written communication is challenging or impossible. Works range from Takanori Herai's diary of hieroglyphics to Toshiko Yamanishi's kaleidoscopic love letters to her mother, which express depth of emotion through movement and colour rather than words. Ryoko Kodas intricate cityscapes are composed of a single symbol, resembling a fictional character from the Japanese alphabet, while Hiroyuki Komatsu's work recalls word-for-word the dialogue of his favourite TV programmes. Making looks at engagement with material, the repeated use of particular and unusual media, and the meditative and therapeutic aspects of creativity. Koichi Fujinos immersive ink paintings cover every inch of the paper, Yumiko Kawais textile landscapes are built up through repeated freehand circular stitching and Shota Katsubes repurposing of wire ties creates a vast yet diminutive army of action figures: all these pieces are marked by the occupation and passing of time.
Works in Representation' and 'Relationships reflect the things and people surrounding the artists, often taking surprising and curious forms. The eerie pastel still lifes of Takashi Shuji and abstract assemblages of Takanari Nitta hold an ethereal, otherworldly quality but are inspired by everyday objects, while Satoshi Nishikawas surreal sculptures of fruit are made entirely from dense aggregates of small ceramic rabbits. Takako Shibatas expansive and repeated portraits freeze her absent mother in time, while Sakiko Konos dolls representing friends and carers in the facility where she resides grow in size and stature according to the levels of her affection. Dreams and desire figure strongly with idealised self-projections in the work of Yoko Kubota and Masao Obata, Nobuji Higas highly stylised and sexualised nudes and Marie Suzuki's darkly dystopian drawings exploring female sexuality and gender. Self-expression is framed through physical and emotional environments, but interpreted in richly imaginative and sometimes fantastical forms.
The absorption, reflection and acute observation evident in Culture contests the myth of Outsider Art as being solely reflective of the interior mind. Daisuke Kibushis immaculately rendered postwar movie posters, copied from memory, Keisuke Ishinos origami figurines and Ryosuke Otsujis ceramic Okinawan lions all attest to a sharp awareness of the cultural contexts and traditions of Japanese society. The final section, Possibility, feature works that seek to comprehend and reorder the surrounding world. Koichiro Miya explores notions of ability, disability and super-ability with statistic-strewn works, Shingo Ikedas beautiful notebook infographics calculate the endless possibilities of subway journeys he might make, and Norimitsu Kokubos densely sketched cartographies imagine real places through information gleaned online, reframing the world through a keen and creative curiosity.
Shamita Sharmacharja, Curator at Wellcome Collection, says: "We are delighted to be staging the first substantial exhibition of Japanese Outsider Art in the UK. This is a show that will reward inquisitive minds, with astonishing levels of creativity and resource at play in exhibited pieces. These diverse bodies of work offer unique visions of the world, richly expressed, which we hope will move, surprise and inspire visitors."
A series of documentary films featuring a selection of the exhibiting artists play at the end of the exhibition.
'Souzou: Outsider Art from Japan' runs from 28 March to 30 June 2013 at Wellcome Collection, 183 Euston Road, NW1 2BE.