For more than fifty years Claes Oldenburg (b. 1929) has surprised, humored, and disoriented audiences with his unconventional use of media and scale to depict ordinary objects. The latest exhibition at the Menil Collection
, Claes Oldenburg: Strange Eggs, will showcase a remarkable group of collages by the Swedish-born American artist. These works, amalgams of commercial advertisements and newspaper and magazine images, are some of Oldenburgs earliest known pieces and represent a pivotal moment of experimentation in his prolific career.
Completed over the course of two years after Oldenburg moved to New York City from Chicago in 1956, the exhibitions eighteen collages feature self-contained forms that the artist made by seamlessly melding fragments cut from magazines purchased near his apartment on the Lower East Side. While many of the arrangements are unidentifiable, within them some original references remain: a piece of pie, the hind legs of a horse, a tree branch, the creased skin of a clenched fist, the texture of concrete. The process of combining art and everyday life would later define Oldenburgs work.
Born in 1929 in Stockholm, Sweden, Oldenburg grew up in Chicago where his father was Consul General of Sweden. After studying literature and art history at Yale University and later taking classes at the Art Institute of Chicago, Oldenburg moved to New York and eventually became part of a group of artists challenging Abstract Expressionism by returning to realism, working with found objects and figurative images. As an innovator of New Yorks nascent Pop Art movement, he orchestrated happenings (anti-narrative, theatrical pieces staged in offbeat places) in the late 1950s and early 1960s. His happenings were performed in fabricated environments created in his studio and galleries and staged around soft props that were early incarnations of the large-scale, sagging sculptures of mundane objects, such as Floor Burger (1962), which the artist later developed.
In 1965, Oldenburg began to make small collages and drawings of imagined outdoor monuments, becoming increasingly concerned with the relationship between structure and site. His first large-scale outdoor sculpture to be realized was Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks, installed at Yale University in 1969. The project led Oldenburg to focus almost exclusively on the permanent installation of large-scale monuments in public places. Many of these works were made in collaboration with Dutch writer and art historian Coosje van Bruggen (1942-2009), whom Oldenburg married in 1977. Over the next several decades the Oldenburg/van Bruggen team executed more than forty works in various urban settings across Europe, Asia, and the United States.
Oldenburg and van Bruggens gargantuan sculptures of everyday objects are an attempt to, in the artists words, communicate with the public, but on our own terms, even if the images are stereotypical. Examples include a garden hose with more than 400 foot-long steel coils (Gartenschlauch (Garden Hose), 1983); the 52 foot-long Spoonbridge and Cherry, 1988; the 123 foot-long Flying Pins, 2000; and the 143 footlong bow and arrow of Cupids Span, 2002.
Claes Oldenburg: Strange Eggs will be installed in the galleries housing the Menils collection of Surrealist art, setting up a conversation between Oldenburgs work and that of forebears such as Max Ernst, René Magritte, and Yves Tanguy. Viewers will recognize the artists shared desire to create startling and evocative juxtapositions using material from the everyday world to alter the way we think about reality.
"It is a particular privilege to be able to present, for the first time, these important early works by Claes Oldenburg," said Menil Curator Michelle White. "Strange Eggs intriguingly hints at this pivotal American artist's interests early in his career, and illuminates his brilliant view of the American landscape. These collages − following presentations of the artist's works in exhibitions organized by the Menil Drawing Institute − have found an ideal setting and context in this museum, in our Surrealist galleries."
The Menil has long celebrated Oldenburg and van Bruggens deliberate and imaginative approach to making art. In 2009, the Menil Drawing Institute organized the exhibition, Drawings On Site: Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, in cooperation with the artists. The show centered on Oldenburg and van Bruggens highly interactive and multi-tiered creative process, showcasing visualizations of both feasible and unfeasible large-scale sculptures. Claes Oldenburg: Strange Eggs, organized by Michelle White, Curator at the Menil Collection, offers a similarly rare glimpse into the artists early investigational works that were harbingers of the colossal objects to come.