The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, unveiled on September 8 its newly renovated William I. Koch Gallery, one of the Museums grandest spaces, evocative of a great hall in a European palace. Masterpieces from 16th- and 17th-century Italy, France, Spain, and Flanders hang on walls covered in red damask, complemented by a spectacular display of German silver and four tapestries from the Palazzo Barberini in Rome.
The Koch Gallery is the most majestic architectural space in the MFA, and the new installation enhances this effort, with an astonishing display of European paintings and silver, virtually unparalleled in America, said Malcolm Rogers, Ann and Graham Gund Director of the MFA, who is overseeing the project and a team of Art of Europe curators and designers.
The iconic Koch Gallery features masterpieces drawn from the Museums renowned European collection. Among the approximately 40 paintings on view are Nicolas Poussins Mars and Venus (about 1630), Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquezs Don Baltasar Carlos and Dwarf (1632), Peter Paul Rubenss Head of Cyrus Brought to Queen Tomyris (about 162223), and Guercinos Semiramis Receiving Word of the Revolt of Babylon (1624). A major conservation effort was undertaken to treat Anthony van Dycks Isabella, Lady de la Warr (about 1638), which was acquired by the MFA in 1930. It was recently rediscovered in storage, badly in need of attention and a new frame. Also featured in the gallery are select loans, including Frans Franckens Allegory of Man's Choice between Virtue and Vice (Private Collection, 1635).
The Koch Gallery has showcased Old Master paintings since 1996; previously, it was the MFAs Tapestry Gallery. Measuring approximately 33 wide x 95 long, the space was designed by the MFAs original architect, Guy Lowell, to connect the main building with the newly constructed Evans Wing, which opened in 1915. The nearly 40-high travertine marble walls of the renovated gallery are adorned with 18-high panels of rich red cotton damask made by Gainsborough Silk Weaving Company in an historic Bologna pattern fashionable in 18th-century English interiors. On this traditional backdrop for Old Master paintings, works are newly arranged and installed in sections along the gallerys expansive walls, divided by four 17th-century tapestries. On the east wall are paintings from Italy hung to the left of a display of German (Hanoverian) silver; while on the right are works from Venice and Spain (El Greco visited Titians workshop during his sojourn in Venice, before he moved to Toledo). The west wall features paintings from Flanders, Spain, and France. Large doorways to the north and south of the gallery are accented with Corinthian columns, and floors are made of Tennessee pink marble.
A focal point of the gallery is the installation of royal Hanoverian silver from the MFAs holdings, the most extensive collection of its kind in an American museum. Dating from the late 17th to early 19th century, these works are assembled in a tiered pyramid measuring 18 high. Comprising 103 pieces (nearly twice the number previously on view in another gallery at the Museum), the arrangement evokes extravagant displays of silver on state occasions in European courts, from medieval times onward. (It took conservators approximately five months to polish and coat with lacquer the vast array of silver.) At the center is the monumental fountain and cistern owned by King George II, flanked by livery pots (large flagons), and surrounded by dozens of gold and silver plates, serving dishes, tureens, and candlesticks from dinner services created for the use of the kings in Hanover. Framing the display is a pair of rare silver Baroque trumpets used in royal court ceremonies, on loan to the MFA, along with a pair of kettle drums from the MFAs collection. A short musical passage featuring these Baroque trumpets is included in the MFAs multimedia guide (in the Koch Gallery section).
Four 17th-century tapestries, each measuring approximately 19 high x 4 wide, also are on view in the gallery. Two are hung on the east gallery wall, and two on the west wall, dividing the space into three sections for the display of paintings. These vertical border panels, known as pilasters, originally flanked narrative panels and are part of a larger series, The Life of Pope Urban VII, honoring the Pope [Maffeo Barberini (15681644) elected to the office in 1623]. The series was commissioned by his nephew, Cardinal Francesco Barberini. Created from 166379 at the Barberini tapestry workshop in Rome, they are the only examples of Roman-made tapestries in the MFAs collection. The tapestries hung in the Barberini Palace in Rome until the end of the 19th century. They were given to the Museum in the 1950s and have not been on view in more than 20 years. After discovering during provenance research that these works were part of a Holocaust-era forced sale, the MFA initiated a settlement agreement with the heirs. Upon its successful resolution in 2010, the MFA acquired the tapestries. This provenance information is highlighted in the Art with a Past label that accompanies the tapestries.
The redesign of the Koch Gallery, which took place throughout the summer, included improvements to its acoustics, lighting, and visitor amenities. Sound-absorbing batting was placed under the damask wall coverings to reduce noise in the gallery, which also serves as an elegant space for special events hosted at the Museum. New lighting in the gallery, now illuminated solely by LED track lighting and chandeliers, improves viewing, eliminates glare, and enhances the rich color of the damask and chiaroscuro modeling of the paintings. Fixed stanchions lining the long walls feature easy-to-read labels identifying the works of art, and new burgundy upholstered seating is available so that visitors can linger in the magisterial hall.
To enhance the appreciation of the Koch Gallery, the MFAs website includes a dedicated page (European Painting 1550-1700 and Hanoverian Silver http://www.mfa.org/koch-gallery
), which presents a time-lapse video of the renovation process; a listing and slideshow of select works; information about related gallery tours, activities, and publications; and an interactive map of MFA galleries. In addition, visitors can rent an MFA Guide highlighting several works on view, such as the stop for Velázquezs Don Baltasar Carlos and Dwarf, which explains the role of dwarfs in royal courts. The MFA Guide now includes video of curators, artists, and historians, as well as images and audio, to expand a visitors knowledge of works of art in the Museums collections. It is available at ticket desks and the Sharf Visitor Center for $5, members; $6, non-members; and $4, youths.