This summer, from 12 June to 5 August, the Hayward Gallery presents Invisible: Art about the Unseen 1957 2012, the first UK survey exhibition of artworks that explore ideas related to the invisible, the hidden and the unknown. The exhibition is a highlight of Southbank Centre
s summer-long Festival of the World with MasterCard.
From an invisible labyrinth and canvases primed with invisible ink, animals mental energy and snow water, to an empty plinth that presents space cursed by a witch and a haunted black tunnel, the exhibition features works by some of the most important artists from the past half century including Andy Warhol, Yves Klein, Robert Barry, Chris Burden, Yoko Ono, Maurizio Cattelan and Carsten Höller.
The contemporary history of invisible art begins with French artist Yves Klein who in the late 50s embarked on a project of producing immaterial art and architecture, and was the first artist to stage an exhibition devoid of any visible content. The Specialization of Sensibility in the Raw Material State of Stabilized Pictorial Sensibility (La Spécialisation de la sensibilité à l'état de matière première en sensibilité picturale stabilisée), which opened in Paris in May 1958, featured empty white rooms saturated with what the artist claimed to be invisible energy. The exhibition attracted enormous public attention and put invisible art on the map. Many artists after Klein have continued to explore the invisible, and this exhibition, curated by Hayward Gallery Director Ralph Rugoff, will trace the highlights of this history. It will feature over 50 works, both by seminal figures in the history of conceptual art, including Robert Barry, and Art & Language, and more recent artists, such as Tom Friedman, Ceal Floyer and Jeppe Hein, who have responded to their legacy. The exhibition also includes a room dedicated to the tradition of invisible public monuments.
The artworks presented in Invisible: Art about the Unseen, 1957 2012 will challenge visitors assumptions about what art is. Directing attention away from our cultural bias that works of art are inherently visual, the exhibition instead emphasises the ideas behind artworks, the role of visitors imagination in responding to art, the process of creating art, and the importance of context and labelling in shaping our understanding of what we see.
Ralph Rugoff, Director of the Hayward Gallery, said: Invisible art challenges our assumptions about art by emphasising its interactive and communicative properties over its visual qualities. Many of the works in Invisible re-direct our attention towards the unwritten rules and conventions that shape our understanding of art. Others underscore the limits of our perceptual capacities or emphasise the role of our imagination in responding to works of art. Still others use invisibility as a metaphor for death and the politically-sanctioned disappearance of certain social groups. This exhibition surveys this rich history as it unfolds in the mind of each visitor.
Spanning a range of different practices over the last seven decades, the artists and works presented in Invisible: Art about the Unseen, 1957 2012 include:
Yves Klein one of the earliest proponents of invisible art, Klein embarked on a long-term project between 1957 and 1962 to create an architecture of air: walls, ceilings and furniture would be made of air, and while these things would exist, they wouldnt be visible. The exhibition includes Kleins architectural drawings, as well as a series of works and supporting documentation revolving around his concept of le Vide (the Void)
Andy Warhol: Invisible Sculpture (1985) an invisible sculpture that Warhol created at New Yorks Area nightclub by stepping on a plinth and then stepping off, presumably leaving traces of his celebrity status in the plinths airspace
Tom Friedman: Untitled (A Curse), 1992 to create this sculpture, Friedman hired a practicing witch and instructed her to cast a curse on a spherical space, eleven inches in diameter and positioned eleven inches over an empty plinth. Friedman will also be exhibiting 1000 Hours of Staring (1992 97), a piece of white paper which the artist stared at for 1000 hours over the course of five years
Gianni Motti: Magic Ink, 1989 a series of drawings, sketched in invisible ink, which were visible only for a brief instant before vanishing
Yoko Onos Instruction Paintings (1961 1964) a set of typed instructions exhibited on the wall that encourage the audience to create the work in their imagination
Jeppe Heine: Invisible Labyrinth (2005) a maze that only materialises as visitors move around it. Visitors are equipped with digital headphones operated by infrared rays that cause them to vibrate every time they bump into one of the mazes virtual walls. The maze structure spans seven different variants, changing from day to day
Bruno Jakob over the past 25 years Jakob has devised different means of making invisible paintings, including a method involving exposing a lightly primed canvas to the energy of a person, animal or environment. The exhibition will feature a selection of these paintings, inviting the viewer to consider them as an action-based practice rather than a finished product
James Lee Byars: The Ghost of James Lee Byars (1969/1986) an eerie black tunnel that visitors can walk through, designed to evoke the artists spiritual afterlife
Robert Barry: Energy Field (1968) a battery-powered transmitter encased in a nondescript wooden box sends out waves of energy, filling the gallery space with an invisible, immeasurable, but nonetheless real force
Teresa Margolles: Aire / Air, Zurich (2003) an installation consisting of two cooling systems that create a superfine mist by drawing on a container filled with 20 litres of water that was previously used to wash the bodies of murder victims in Mexico City prior to autopsy.
Maurizio Cattelans Untitled (Denunzia) (1991) a standard Italian police form that officially documents the artists claim that an invisible sculpture had been stolen from his car in Milan.
Lai Chih-Sheng will create a giant invisible drawing by using a pencil to draw over all of the existing lines formed by the gallerys interior architecture.
Full list of artists: Art & Language, Robert Barry, Chris Burden, James Lee Byars, Maurizio Cattelan, Jay Chung, Song Dong, Ceal Floyer, Tom Friedman, Mario Garcia Torres, Jochen Gerz, Horst Hoheisel, Carsten Höller, Tehching Hsieh, Bethan Huws, Bruno Jakob, Yves Klein, Lai Chih-Sheng, Glenn Ligon, Teresa Margolles, Gianni Motti, Claes Oldenburg, Roman Ondák, Yoko Ono and Andy Warhol.