NEW YORK, N.Y.- Christies
Post-War and Contemporary Art Evening Sale, including the first part of the Peter Norton Collection, achieved $247,597,000 (£153,510,140/ 178,269,840) demonstrating the continuing appeal of this category among collectors worldwide. Thirty-three works sold for over the $1 million mark and 16 new world auction records were established for artists including Roy Lichtenstein, Paul McCarthy, Charles Ray, Louise Bourgeois, among others. In total, sell-through percentages were very strong, with 90% sold by lot and 87% by value.
The top lot of the sale was Roy Lichtensteins, I Can See the Whole Room
and There's Nobody in It!, which set a new auction record of $43,202,500 (₤26,785,550/31,105,800). Painted in 1961, it is one of the earliest and most important of Lichtenstein's Pop Art pictures, formerly in the collection of the pioneering collectors Emily and Burton Tremaine. The previous record for a Lichtenstein work was for Ohhh ... Alright..., 1964, sold at Christies New York in November 2010 for $42.6 million.
This is an extremely strong sale result, with great depth of bidding across multiple genres and periods, from the great giants of Pop Art to the strongest artists of the 1990s and the 2000s, said Brett Gorvy, Chairman and International Head of Post-War and Contemporary Art at Christies. The worlds top ten collectors were present in the saleroom tonight, and a global community of collectors was bidding aggressively on works by the pre-eminent artists in this category from Lichtenstein to Bourgeois, Ligon to McCarthy, Gursky to Ray. We are delighted to report more than a dozen new records for many well-deserving artists, and a new top price for any photograph sold at auction.
The sale got off to a strong start with Part I of the Collection of Peter Norton, the Los Angeles collector and software entrepreneur. Eager bidders snapped up each one of the 26 lots offered, driving prices to new auction records for nine artists. The star lot of the Collection was Paul McCarthys Tomato Head (Green), a life-size re-interpretation of a childs toy, with interchangeable body parts. After a bidding battle involving multiple clients in the room and on the phone, the work sold for $4,562,500 (£2,828,750/3,285,000), setting a new auction record for the artist.
Further highlights from the Peter Norton Collection included Robert Gobers Prison Window, an installation work, which sold for $3,386,500 (£2,099,630/2,438,280), and Charles Rays Table, a multimedia sculpture, which fetched $3,106,500 (£1,926,030/2,236,680) a new world auction record for the artist. The Collection also featured the provocateur Maurizio Cattelan, whose Untitled, a miniature replica of a commercial elevator, achieved $1,022,500 (₤633,950/736,200).
In the main portion of the Evening Sale, strong prices were achieved for Mark Rothkos White Cloud, which sold for $18,562,500 (₤11,508,750/13,365,000) and two works by Andy Warhol: Silver Liz, a luminous portrait of Elizabeth Taylor, which sold for $16,322,500 (₤10,119,950/11,752,200), and Four Campbells Soup Cans, painted in 1962, which realized $9,826,500 (₤6,092,430/7,075,080).
Among the themes and trends that emerged during the sale was the strong demand for works by top women artists, led by Louise Bourgeois, Sophie Calle, Barbara Kruger, Vija Clemins, Kara Walker, and Mona Hatoum. Louise Bourgeoiss 21-foot wide bronze, Spider, soared beyond its pre-sale estimate of $4-6 million to achieve a new world auction record for the artist at $10,722,500 (£6,647,950/7,720,200). The price stands among the highest prices ever achieved at auction for a work by a female artist, exceeding the record price by GBP of £6.4 million set for Natalia Goncharovas Espagnole at Christies London in 2010, and narrowly missing the record price by USD of $10.86 million set for Goncharovas Les Fleurs at Christies London in 2008.
In addition to the new world auction records for Lichtenstein and Bourgeois, new records were established for the following artists, including:
*Barbara Kruger - $902,500 for Untitled (When I hear the word culture I take out my checkbook), 1985
*Paul McCarthy - $4,562,500 for Tomato Head (Green), 1994
*Glenn Ligon - $1,178,500 for Untitled (Stranger in the Village #17), 2000
*Mona Hatoum - $470,500 for Silence executed in 1994.
*Sophie Calle - $218,500 for The Sleepers (Les dormeurs), executed in 1979
*Charles Ray - $3,106,500 for Table, plexiglas and steel, executed in 1990
*Yinka Shonibare MBE - $194,500 for Hound, executed in 2000
*Christian Marclay - $266,500 for Guitar Neck, executed in 1992
*Fred Tomaselli - $1,650,500 for Untitled (Expulsion), executed in 2000
*Vija Celmins - $902,500 for Sea Drawing with Whale, circa 1969
*Andreas Gursky - $4,338,500 for Rhein II, executed in 1999; WORLD AUCTION RECORD FOR ANY PHOTOGRAPH SOLD AT AUCTION
Additional records were established for a specific medium, including:
*Alexander Calder - $4,786,500 for Sumac, executed in 1961; WORLD AUCTION RECORD FOR FOR A MOBILE BY THE ARTIST
*Jean Dubuffet - $1,202,500 for Canotin mâche oeil, executed in 1967; WORLD AUCTION RECORD FOR A SCULPTURE BY THE ARTIST
*Wayne Thibaud - $1,650,500 for Sixteen Pies, executed in 1965; WORLD AUCTION RECORD FOR A WORK ON PAPER BY THE ARTIST