This fall, the Hirshhorn
will present Shadows (197879), the monumental painting installation by Andy Warhol (American, b. Pittsburgh, 1928; d. New York, 1987). The Hirshhorns exhibition, which runs from Sept. 25 until Jan. 15, 2012, marks the first time that all 102 canvases have been shown at once. Installed edge-to-edge as the artist intended, Shadows will extend nearly 450 linear feet around the outer perimeter of the museums curved second-level galleries, offering the public a unique opportunity to view the work in its entirety. Associate curator Evelyn Hankins is coordinating the Hirshhorns presentation of Andy Warhol: Shadows, which is organized by Dia Art Foundation. The foundation acquired the piece from the artist during its inaugural exhibition at the Heiner Friedrich Gallery in New York in 1979. Prior to this tour, Dia has had 72 of the panels on long-term view at Dias Hudson River Valley location, Dia:Beacon. Through July 29, 54 panels are on view at the Arts Club of Chicago.
Warhol, an iconic American artist whose reputation has only increased in the quarter-century since his death, is best known for appropriations of images from popular cultureadvertisements, mass-media photographs and celebrity portraitsthat challenged the conventional definitions and subjects of art. In the last decade of his career, he began to take on the premises of abstraction in works such as the Shadows, as well as the Oxidation and Camouflage series. Warhols growing fascination with shadows in the mid-1970s is evident in the Skulls (1976) and the Hammer and Sickle series (1977); however, it was not until 197879 that shadows became subjects in their own right.
Each of the Shadows canvases measures 76 by 52 inches and features one of two compositions generated from photographs taken in the artists studio. Each also is hand-painted and/or silkscreened with one of 17 brightly colored monochromatic acrylic grounds. Ronnie Cutrone, Warhols painting assistant at the time, said the palette was chosen from Warhols favorite colors: aubergine, chartreuse, carmine red, yellow, midnight blue
and white. The imagery and the bold paint application, created with a sponge mop, at once suggest and mock the formal language and bravura paint handling of the Abstract Expressionists. Furthermore, the monumental scale of the paintings contradicts the banality of the subject matter and invokes a panoramic, cinematic quality. Moreover, the repetitive forms and silkscreen process undermine the notion of the unique artwork.
When questioned whether the paintings were art, Warhol answered ambiguously, in his characteristically self-deprecating tone: No. You see, the opening party had disco. I guess that makes them disco décor. Warhols multifaceted practice included the creation of environments for a variety of social and artistic events; his willingness to allow Shadows to be employed as a decorative backdrop for a 1979 fashion shoot in Interview magazine, which had been founded by the artist a decade earlier, further exemplifies his tendency to undermine longstanding art conventions. Artist and filmmaker Julian Schnabel remarked on the Shadows series significance: There is almost nothing on them. Yet they seem to be pictures of something and as full of imagery as any of Andys other paintings. These paintings embody the art historical landscape of postwar American painting as well as any other landscape I can think of.
Warhol was born Aug. 6, 1928, in Pittsburgh, Pa., and studied design at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh from 1945 to 1949. After establishing himself as a successful commercial illustrator in New York in the 1950s, he began making paintings featuring popular advertising and cartoon imagery in 1961. In the following years, the artist would garner international acclaim for his paintings, films, sculptures and performances, continuing to have a profound influence on contemporary art and artists after his death Feb. 22, 1987.