NEW YORK, N.Y.- The Museum of Biblical Art
presents On Eagles Wings: The King James Bible Turns 400, an exhibition exploring the tumultuous origins and dramatic impact of a literary masterpiece widely considered one of the most celebrated books in the English-speaking world. On view through October 16, 2011, On Eagles Wings features over 130 objects, including more than 50 remarkable editions from 1440 through 2005. These are seldom-seen treasures from one of the largest and finest collections of printed scriptures in the Western hemisphere, the Rare Bible Collection @ MOBIA, on long-term loan from the American Bible Society. An influence upon countless authors throughout history, the King James Bible is linked to the writings of such prominent Americans as Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), Walt Whitman (1819-1892) and Cormac McCarthy (b.1933). MOBIA also features five major new works by noted contemporary artist Makoto Fujimura (b. 1960) created to commemorate the anniversary of the King James Bible.
On Eagles Wings invokes an era when translating the Bible was deadly dangerous. Several of the storied Bibles on display faced destruction, while translators were executed, exiled and excommunicated. During the 16th century amid the turbulence and conflict of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation scholars risked their lives to translate the Bible into English. To produce the King James Bible, more than 50 scholars drew upon these early translations. Published in 1611, after seven years, this legendary translation shaped the modern English language, which is peppered with hundreds of phrases from this iconic volume.
"We are excited to participate in this international celebration of the 400th anniversary of the King James Bible," said Dr. Ena Heller, Executive Director of the Museum of Biblical Art. "The impact of the King James Bible on our culture is incalculable. Visitors to MOBIA can learn about it from every angle theological, historical, artistic and literary."
The Bibles on view are drawn from the Rare Bible Collection @ MOBIA, a selection of more than 2,200 printed Bibles (including some of the earliest printed editions) and approximately 15 manuscripts. Over the course of 200 years, the American Bible Society has amassed one of the most comprehensive printed collections of its kind a resource for specialists that is now being made available to the general public through a series of thought-provoking exhibitions, public programs, and publications.
Manuscript on vellum c. 1440
Wycliffe is credited with producing the first English translation of the entire Bible in the 1380s. Manuscript copies of the Wycliffite Bibles, produced by his followers, were often destroyed. About 250 of these still survive.
Bible with Apocrypha, 1568
This was the official Bible of Queen Elizabeth, revised by a dozen of her most prominent bishops. King James did not suppress or discredit the Bible of his predecessor, but recommended his own team of translators to follow its wording whenever possible.
Bible with Apocrypha, 1611
The first edition of the King James Bible. In the title page, the Sacred Name in Hebrew characters, the Dove of the Holy Spirit and the Lamb of God represent the Trinity. Right in the middle of the Twelve Apostles, Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, James original kingdom, is hugging his X-shaped cross.
Pennyroyal Caxton Press Bible, 1999
Published in Massachusetts and New York to coincide with the new millennium, this two-volume edition on handmade paper has earned a privileged place among the most beautifully printed editions of the King James text. It was both designed and illustrated by Barry Moser (b. 1940), the first major artist to create a complete set of Bible illustrations for a folio volume since Gustave Doré in the 1860s.
Also on view are five new, large-scale paintings and more than 80 small works by Makoto Fujimura. This original artwork will appear in The Four Holy Gospels, a limited-edition volume commissioned by Crossway Publishing, to be published in January 2012 in commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the King James Bible. Makoto continues the legacy of the illuminated Bible while incorporating images drawn from his abstract contemporary paintings.
An additional component of the exhibition goes behind the scenes to explore the tools, techniques and secrets of conservation. In this tribute to typographers, illustrators, printers, binders, and conservators, visitors will learn the process of binding and rebinding a book; how a letterpress works; and innovative ways printers reused typeset to make attractive yet economical volumes.