The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Mexican Archaeologists Discover a Second Ballgame Player at Court in Cerro del Teul, Zacatecas
The stone sculpture represents the body of a ballgame player (a 175 centimeters high cylinder with 56 centimeters diameter figure) and is almost complete. Photo: DMC,INAH/H. Montaño.

MEXICO CITY.- Researchers from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH Mexico) discovered a second sculpture of a ballgame player, which, unlike the one found in late 2010, has its head. The finding took place at Cerro del Teul Archaeological Site, Zacatecas, and specialists say both pieces could evoke a passage of Popol Vuh, the sacred book of the Maya people, related to divine twins.

The stone sculpture, discovered a few weeks ago, represents the body of a ballgame player (a 175 centimeters high cylinder with 56 centimeters diameter figure) and is almost complete. It was located in the southwestern corner of the Ballgame Court, during the field season headed by archaeologists Peter Jimenez and Laura Solar, who considered that it must have fallen after a wall collapsed due to the passing of time.

Cerro del Teul is one of the few uninterruptedly occupied sites in America, being dwelled from 200 BC to 1531 of the Common Era. Experts coincide this was the ceremonial center of Caxcan people, one of the bravest groups Spaniards fought during the conquest. The sculpture has been dated between 900 and 1100 of the Common Era.

Archaeologist Luis Martinez Mendez, in charge of excavations at Cerro del Teul Ballcourt, explained that both sculptures are unique in Mesoamerica. Only at Maya archaeological sites such as Tonina, in Chiapas, these types of sculptures have been found, only they represent captives, not players as in Zacatecas.

Evidence shows that only one was built with a head. Regarding the possible symbolism of the sculptures, they may refer to a widely divulgated myth in Mesoamerica that got to our days thanks to the Popol Vuh Maya book.

According to the book, Lords of Xibalba required the presence of divine twins Hunahpu and Ixbalanque. Through the road of underground, the brothers had to sort several tests and at the House of the Bat, Hunahpu was beheaded. Braveness and skills allowed Ixbalanque bringing his brother back to life, deceiving Lords of Xibalba at the ballgame court at the same time.

Both figures show their right arm over the chest and the left over the abdomen. Shoulders are enhanced probably recreating the players’ attire, protective shoulder pads, yokes at the hips and long skirts.

Luis Martinez explained that the second sculpture was found during work at the southern section of Cerro del Teul Ballgame Court. A probing well was made to explore archaeological strata, confirming there was a sculpture similar to the one found in 2010.

According to the Oriental Conjunct of Cerro del Teul map made by geodesic engineer Carl de Berghes in 19th century, there were several Prehispanic structures, among them the ballgame court, representing sculptures at the 4 corners. From the other pair of sculptures, only a fragment that could be a shoulder has been found at the northern sector.

Archaeological research must wait until restorers from INAH National Coordination of Cultural Heritage Conservation lift and consolidate the sculpture that presents cracks and fractures.

Martinez declared that exploration and consolidation of the archaeological site for the public visit would be ready to operate in 2012.

The researcher remarked that the ballgame court had a first operation stage between 600 and 900 of the Common Era. A second stage developed between 900 and 1100 AD, when masonry was used at the court, element of a different architectural style.

Today's News

June 23, 2011

Sotheby's London Establishes World Record Price at Auction For Egon Schiele in Sale

Outspoken Chinese Artist Ai Weiwei: Free in Body, Said Little in First Day Out of Detention

Egyptian Archaeologists to Restore Ancient Boat Found Near Pyramid of Giza

Mexican Archaeologists Discover a Second Ballgame Player at Court in Cerro del Teul, Zacatecas

Macedonia Erects Alexander the Great Statue, Further Inflaming Long-Running Row with Greece

Rare 16th Century Helmet Used by Opera House as a Stage Prop for Sale at Bonhams

Iron Age Gold Hoard, The Wickham Market Hoard, Saved for Ipswich Museum

Exhibition of Artists that Reframe Photography Opens at Marlborough Chelsea

Clock Designed for Napoleon's 1801 Exposition, Lost for Two Centuries, to Sell at Bonhams

National Portrait Gallery to Unveil New Portrait Photograph of the Queen and Prince Philip

Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics and Devotion in Medieval Europe at the British Museum

Artworks that Challenge the Viewer through their Visual Intensity at Paul Kasmin Gallery

Exhibition at Galerie Lelong in New York Explores Interventions in the Landscape

California's Surfing Madonna Mosaic to Come Down

Temporary Installation of Paul McCarthy's Work "Henry Moore Bound to Fail" in Vienna

Portraits of Major Artists by Important Italian Photographers at the Estorick Collection

Frieze Projects 2011: Programme of Eight Artists' Commissions Announced in London

Some September 11 Families Angered by Museum Entry Fee

Prized Nobel Blades Highlight Bonhams & Butterfields' $1.2 Million Arms & Armor Sale

Mining Heiress, Huguette Clark, Leaves Fortune to Arts, Monet to Washington's Corcoran

Exceptional Drawing by Francisco de Goya y Lucientes to Be Offered at Christie's

Delft: Johannes Vermeer, Porcelain, Bridges and Canals in Quaint Dutch City

Haunch of Venison to Open New Chelsea Location With Dynamic Group Show

Shining Stars Grace Gala at New Mercedes-Benz Manhattan Flagship Store

A Crusader Town Emerges Under an Old Israeli Port, Workers Prepare to Open It to the Public

Renowned Chinese Artist Ai Weiwei Free After Confessing to Tax Evasion, Stays Quiet

New Study Says Image of Ancient Mammoth or Mastodon Found on 13,000 Year-Old Bone

VMFA Presents Scraps: British Sporting Drawings from the Paul Mellon Collection

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Underground in Jerusalem, a rare look at an ancient tomb

2.- Research reveals new species are evolving fastest in Antarctica

3.- Tate Modern opens the UK's first major Pierre Bonnard exhibition in 20 years

4.- Travel ban for 'fragile' Van Gogh's 'Sunflowers'

5.- Holocaust museum stokes controversy among Hungary's Jews

6.- Rare Hassam, Jefferson letter and Sèvres porcelain offered at Potomack Auction

7.- 'Discriminating Thieves: Nazi-Looted Art and Restitution' opens at Nelson-Atkins

8.- Andy Goldsworthy to create Walking Wall on Nelson-Atkins campus

9.- US university to cover Christopher Columbus murals

10.- Leonardo da Vinci's drawings go under the microscope in a new publication

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful