BOLOGNA.- The Morandi Museum
in Bologna carries on its program of tracing connections between Morandis oeuvre and that of some of the greatest contemporary artists, after the 2005 homage to Josef Albers and the wide-ranging Bernd and Hilla Becher exhibition in 2009. Through October 2nd, 2011, the works of world-famous American artist Wayne Thiebaud entered the museums main rooms alongside Morandis oeuvre, establishing a dialogue meant to underline both their similarities and differences, beyond the immediately evident serial and chromatic aspects.
Wayne Thiebaud, born in Arizona in 1920, is considered a key figure in contemporary American art. Often associated to Pop Art, Thiebaud has nonetheless always refused to be ascribed to any artistic movement, just like Morandi. If, on the one hand, his subjects of choice seem to bring him close to Pop artists symbols of consumer culture such as candy, sweets, chewing gum, hot gods, cosmetics, toys on the other hand the absence of both critique and celebration of American culture, the technical research, the slow, materic, grainy brushstrokes, the attention to perspective and formal, geometrical aspects of composition used to depict the soul of those objects set Thiebaud far apart from the mechanical, impersonal clichés of Pop painting in general. This attention to painting as a discipline, in particular Thiebaud always referred to himself as a painter rather than an artist is what Thiebaud and Giorgio Morandi share with other key figures such as Chardin and Edward Hopper.
Thiebaud often stated his admiration for Morandi: he did, most recently, in the conversation with curator Alessia Masi he carried out in preparation for this exhibition, published in the shows catalog (Edizioni Corraini), which includes the following excerpt:
There are such good lessons to learn from looking at his work. They have to do with certain propositions that I think serious painters need to be aware of. One of them, I think, is the wonder of intimacy and the love of long looking. Of staring but at the same time moving the eye, finding out whats really there, and there are so many things that are subtle and may look like something at one moment but not the next. Theres always that kind of not quite with Morandi and yet the feeling of totality is so nicely complete. Its always a joy to look at his work. He also cautions us painters against the idea of over doing. Its alright to have drama but not melodrama. So many good lessons.
Wayne Thiebaud started his activity as a cartoonist, briefly working as an animator at Walt Disney Studios. This experience will play a crucial role in the subsequent developments of his aesthetic research. He will enjoy fame as a commercial artist before fully devoting himself to painting.
Among the prizes he was awarded over the course of his career: in 1994 he was presented with the National Medal of Arts by then President Clinton; in 1998 he was made member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in Boston, and received a honorary doctorate from the San Francisco Art Institute; in 2004 he was shortlisted for the NY American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for Graphic Arts; in 2010 he entered the California Hall of Fame alongside other famous figures such as
movie director James Cameron, Secretary of State George Schultz, historian Kevin Star, singer Barbra Streisand, tennis champion Serena Williams and Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg.
Wayne Thiebauds work has been included in the collection of the most prestigious American museums, such as the MoMA and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and the Chicago Art Institute.
If, on the one hand, Thiebauds and Morandis still lives and landscapes can seem very distant in their inspirations and context, on the other hand a deeper scrutiny reveals strong affinities: an interest for everyday objects, simplified so as to become purely formal elements, the tendency to align them in strictly ordered progressions, the apparent repetition of representations, the study of variants, the aesthetic isolation of objects or groups thereof, the search of strong visual impact through a deep attention to light, form and brushstroke quality. The juxtaposition of their work reveals a shared tendency to subjectively interpret and reconstruct visual reality in conformity to their inner vision.
A video on Wayne Thiebaud, shot by Bologna-based young director Germano Maccioni and winner of the 2010 Michelangelo Antonioni prize for the best short film at the International Film & Tv Festival in Bari, can be viewed by the public alongside the shows exhibition path.
The presence of one of the most representative contemporary American artists within the complete collection of Morandis work further proves the importance of Giorgio Morandis practice within the international art world. Yet another proof of this is offered by the wide-ranging travelling exhibition Dialogo con Morandi, da De Chirico a Fontana which will be held between April 9th and September 19th in three important Japanese museums. The first will be the Toyota Municipal Museum of Art, opened in 1995 and since become a point of reference for Japanese, European and American modern and contemporary art. Based on an extraordinary design by Yoshio Taniguchi, the museum is built on a hilltop overlooking the city of Toyota, on the former site of the Shichishu castle whose tower is reproduced by the buildings entrance. After Toyota, the show will travel to the Tottori Prefectural Museum and to the Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura & Hayama.