|The First Art Newspaper on the Net
||Established in 1996
|| Sunday, February 25, 2018
|Archive of WW II Codebreaker Alan Turing Preserved by National Heritage Memorial Fund|
This is a Tuesday, June 25, 2002 file picture, showing a four-rotor Enigma machine, right, once used by the crews of German U-boats in World War II to send coded messages, which British World War II code-breaker mathematician Alan Turing, was instrumental in breaking, and which is widely thought to have been a turning point in the war. AP Photo/Alex Dorgan Ross.
By: Jill Lawless, Associated Press
LONDON (AP).- Papers relating to codebreaker and computer pioneer Alan Turing will go to a British museum after the National Heritage Memorial Fund stepped in to help buy them for the nation.
The government-backed fund said Friday it had donated more than 200,000 pounds ($320,000) to a campaign to stop the notes and scientific papers from going to a private buyer.
The fund's chair, Jenny Abramsky, said the collection would be a permanent memorial to "a true war hero."
The documents were put up for auction by Christie's in November but did not sell.
An online campaign to keep them in Britain raised 28,500 pounds from members of the public, and computer firm Google contributed $100,000.
The papers will go to the Bletchley Park Museum northwest of London, which commemorates the famous World War II codebreaking center.
One of the founders of modern computing, Turing worked at Bletchley Park, and helped crack Nazi Germany's secret codes by creating the "Turing bombe," a forerunner of modern computers, to help reveal the settings for the Nazi's Enigma machine.
Turing also did pioneering work on artificial intelligence, developing the "Turing Test" to measure whether a machine can think. One of the most prestigious honors in computing, the $250,000 Turing Prize, is named after him.
But he was not always considered a national treasure. Turing was prosecuted for homosexuality, stripped of his security clearance and forcibly treated with female hormones. He then killed himself in 1954 at age 41.
Homosexuality was illegal in Britain until 1967.
In 2009, then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown made a public apology on behalf of the government for Turing's "inhumane" treatment, saying: "We're sorry, you deserved so much better."
Most of Bletchley Park's secret files were destroyed after the war, and Turing left few records of his work.
The papers in this collection belonged to his friend and fellow codebreaker Max Newman and include 16 of the 18 scientific papers Turing published in his lifetime notably "On Computable Numbers," a landmark in the history of computing.
Copyright 2011 The Associated Press.
February 27, 2011
Marc Chagall in Paris During the Early 20th Century at the Philadelphia Museum of Art
People Flock to See Lost Letter from Martha Washington at History Museum in Concordia
SFMOMA Showcases Exhibition: Helios: Eadweard Muybridge in a Time of Change
Archive of WW II Codebreaker Alan Turing Preserved by National Heritage Memorial Fund
Artist Joel Shapiro Creates an Installation of New Works for the Museum Ludwig
Neighbors Bid to Save 'Oliver Twist' Workhouse that Inspired Charles Dickens
United States Government Returns Stolen Trove of Historic Archive Documents to Russia
A New iPhone App, Which Recognizes Art, Set to Transform the Art Fair Experience
Exhibition of the Work of Thornton Dial Premieres at the Indianapolis Museum of Art
Cincinnati Art Museum Celebrates The Amazing American Circus Poster in Exhibition
Hundreds of Egyptian College Students Rally at Iconic Pyramids for Return of Tourists
Genetic Tests by Department of Agriculture Show Fire Ants in Asia Came from the United States
Abstract Sculptor Roy Gussow,Who Liived and Worked in Long Island City, Dies at 92
Smithsonian and MIT Partner to Turn Kids into Scientific Investigators
Artist Sues Kevin Costner to Force Sculpture Sale
Barnum Museum Repair Project to Cost Up to $17 Million
National Portrait Gallery to Present Portrait of Pitcher Pedro Martinez
Candid Cameras Give a Chance to See Wildlife as a Scientist Does
Old Coca Cola Sign Causes Flap in San Francisco
The Role of Dreams in Creativity, Prophecy and Consciousness to be Explored in a Series of Dialogues at the Rubin Museum
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- The Morgan explores the Medieval world's fascinating approach to the passage of time
2.- Experts discover hidden ancient Maya structures in Guatemala
3.- Egyptian archaeologists unveil tomb of Old Kingdom priestess Hetpet
4.- The Speed Art Museum and Italian Ministry reach loan agreement on ancient calyx-krater
5.- Major exhibition features artistic masterpieces from the glorious Church of the Gesù
6.- From Beowulf to Chaucer, the British Library makes 1,000 years of rich literary history freely available online
7.- Truck damages Peru's ancient Nazca lines
8.- Trish Duebber is new Coordinator of Youth Programs at Boca Raton Museum Art School
9.- Exhibition examines the way art, like language, was used to articulate a rhetoric of exclusion
10.- The Dallas Museum of Art announces gift of three major European works
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.