The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Monday, April 27, 2015


INAH Researchers Find 8 Camps Occupied by Nomadic Groups, Some of Them, 8,000 Years Ago
Among the most relevant aspects of the camps’ information is the obsidian exchange they had with other cultural regions, having rock from the nearby deposits found in archaeological sites at Riverside; places where the people that exploited the deposits had never been studied until now”. Photo: Archaeologist Antonio Porcayo/INAH.
MEXICO CITY.- Eight archaeological sites, some of them occupied 8,000 years ago by nomadic groups, were discovered by archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) in the municipality of Ensenada, Baja California. Lithic tools were found at the settlements mainly made out of obsidian, similar to those discovered in Riverside County, California.

The last would verify obsidian exportation conducted by ancient dwellers of Baja California with exchange purposes, informed archaeologist Antonio Porcayo, coordinator of the excavation project at Ensenada, mentioning that several of these sites are located inside caves and were discovered during the recent archaeological salvage work conducted due to the remodeling of San Felipe-Laguna Chapala highway.

Camps are distributed throughout 9 kilometers to the east of Santa Isabel Mountain Range, to the northeast of the Mexican state, and correspond to 3 different occupation stages: the earliest is related to fishermen groups that went from the mountain range to the coast of the Sea of Cortes, at least 8,000 years ago.

“Findings will bring in relevant information to solve the riddle of Baja California history, since archaeology of the Sea of Cortes is still unknown, it has only been studied recently”.

The archaeologist, who works at the Baja California INAH Center, mentioned that the names given to these sites are: Puertecitos, El Regino, El Huerfanito, El Juanjo, Caro´s Cave, Paido’s Cave, El Zacateco and Los Pescadores.

“Among the most relevant aspects of the camps’ information is the obsidian exchange they had with other cultural regions, having rock from the nearby deposits found in archaeological sites at Riverside; places where the people that exploited the deposits had never been studied until now”.

Porcayo explained that the ancient indigenous dwellers of what today is Baja California did not build constructions; they slept and ate inside the caves, where intact vestiges of the last nomadic groups that dwelled them have been found.

Among discovered material are pipe fragments; lithic artifacts like arrowheads; ceramics, and remains of animals consumed by the early South Californians, such as mollusks, sharks, dolphins, deer, wild sheep and pronghorns.

A great amount of bonfires were found –up to nine in a 6 by 2 meters area- that correspond to different ages. Carbon was collected from different contexts to conduct dating studies that will accurately determine the different occupation moments.

According to preliminary studies, the archaeologist proposes 3 different temporalities for the vestiges: the earliest could be between 8,000 and 9,000 years ago, corresponding to the Paleo-Indian period; other material, around 3,000 years old, would correspond to the Archaic age, and the latest could correspond to Cochimi Culture, being approximately 1,000 years old.

Antonio Porcayo commented that the caves have different sizes, being the most important Caro’s Cave, measuring approximately 20 square meters, where a lot of material was found. It has been calculated that each rocky shelter was dwelled by families of 5 to 7 members.

Deposits of agate, rhyolite and obsidian were identified; according to the specialist, they were exploited by inhabitants to manufacture tools.

To verify possible exchange of obsidian with regions where artifacts made out of Baja California raw material were found, the lithic objects undergo chemical studies conducted in the University of California, Berkley, while dating of carbon samples is still taking place at the INAH Radiocarbon Laboratory, concluded Antonio Porcayo.





Today's News

February 3, 2011

Art Historian Silvano Vinceti Claims Male Model Behind Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa

National Gallery Presents Historical and Scientific Studies on Degas Sculpture Collection

Israeli Archaeologists Find a 1,500-Year-Old Byzantine Church Southwest of Jerusalem

INAH Researchers Find 8 Camps Occupied by Nomadic Groups, Some of Them, 8,000 Years Ago

Art Institute Presents Works by Celebrated Swiss Contemporary Artists Peter Fischli and David Weiss

With Financial Crisis a Distant Memory and as Art Market Booms, Some See the Risk of Bust

Historic, Three-Year Preservation Project Restores The Landmark Façade of the Library On 42nd Street

Auschwitz Decays Due to Age and Mass Tourism, Prompting Preservation Effort

Mid-Career Overview of Vicky Civera's Work at the Valencian Institute of Modern Art

Anri Sala's First Solo Exhibition in Canada Opens at the Musée d'art Contemporain de Montreal

Solo Exhibition of New Paintings and Works on Paper by Robert Zandvliet at Peter Blum Gallery

World's First Museum Exhibit Dedicated to Women Who Rock Opens at the Rock Hall this Spring

Exhibition of Polish Design 1955-1968 from the Collection of the National Museum in Warsaw

First U.S. Solo Museum Show of Gabriel Kuri at the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston

Collection of Contemporary Bengali Scrolls Leave Liverpool to Tell Tales from India

John Miller Awarded the Wolfgang Hahn Prize

Posing Beauty: African-American Images from the 1890s to the Present at Newark Museum

Generali Foundation Presents "unExhibit", an Exhibition by International Artists

Homage to Yosl Bergner: Illustrations to Franz Kafka's Oeuvre at Tal Aviv Museum of Art

University of Pennsylvania Museum Removes Mummies After China Objects

Hungarian Revolutionary Posters and Plywood Featured in New Exhibitions at MoMA

Dual Exhibitions Present Changes in Urban Life and Photography Over the Last 60 Years

International Museums on High Alert for Looted Ancient Egyptian Artifacts Due to Crisis

Ryan O'Neal Donates Farrah Fawcett's Red Swimsuit to Museum of American History

Ten Museums in Running for £100,000 "Museum of the Year" Art Fund Prize 2011

Leading Contemporary Figurative Painter John Wonnacott Exhibits at Agnew's

Studio Museum Launches Two New Initiatives: Studio (un)framed and Studio Lab

First "Bat-man" Comic Proof Pages, Saved from the Trash in Queens, Highlight Comics Event at Heritage Auctions

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Archaeologists find 5,000-year-old skeletons in an ancient village in northern India

2.- Exhibition at the Louvre museum offers rare glimpse of the ancient Thracian culture

3.- Most Britons ignorant over Battle of Waterloo: National Army Museum poll

4.- Sotheby's to offer the historic collection of Mary, Duchess of Roxburghe

5.- Van Gogh and Rothko: Two masterpieces of modern art unveiled at Sotheby's London

6.- Recently discovered self-portrait headlines 'Leonardo da Vinci and the Idea of Beauty' at MFA Boston

7.- Supermodel Gisele Bundchen, world's top-earning model, makes teary last catwalk turn

8.- Le Corbusier legacy threatened by revelations in new books that architect was 'fascist'

9.- Groundbreaking photographs of India's Sidi community go on show in the UK for the first time

10.- William and Kate: royal parents with a modern image



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site