William T. Wiley (b. 1937) has created a distinctive body of work during a 50-year career that addresses critical issues of our time. The exhibition Whats It All Mean: William T. Wiley in Retrospect will be on view at the Smithsonian American Art Museum
October 2 through January 24, 2010. This retrospective, which features 88 works from the 1960s to the present, is the first full-scale look at Wileys long career and explores important themes and ideas expressed in his work. Many artworks in the exhibition are on public display for the first time, and the installation includes several of Wileys avant-garde films of the 1970s, which are rarely screened.
Art, politics, war, global warming, foolishness, ambition, hypocrisy and irony are summoned by Wileys fertile imagination and recorded in the personal vocabulary of symbols, puns and images that crowd his objects. His wit and sense of the absurd make his art accessible to all with multiple layers of meaning revealed through careful examination. Joann Moser, senior curator at the museum, organized the exhibition.
In a world where Twitter allows us only 140 characters, William Wileys art demands close attention and patient looking to decipher each coded reference, pun and scenario of his imagery, said Elizabeth Broun, The Margaret and Terry Stent Director at the museum. In this exhibition, Wiley emerges anew as a universal commentator with more relevance than ever. We are proud to present this great American artist.
Wileys influence and importance in California are well established, said Moser. This exhibition and accompanying publication affirm his significance as an artist of national and international stature whose accomplishment has meaning for us all.
Wileys extensive body of work challenges the principles of mainstream art. His work ranges from traditional drawing, watercolor, acrylic painting, sculpture and printmaking to performances, constructions of assorted materials and, more recently, printed pins, tapestries and a pinball machine. He has developed a distinctive style and masterful drawing skills that are recognizable in all his work, yet allow for variety, invention and subtlety. Wiley has refined wordplay into a distinctive mode of expression and has established a vocabulary of forms and symbols, such as an anvil or the sign for infinity, which have accumulated meanings and nuance as he repeats and transforms them. Wileys imagery is personal and idiosyncratic. He is aware that some people do not take his work seriously because of the many puns, cartoons and double entendres, but whimsy and irreverence draw viewers to his work, and his use of language challenges viewers to consider multiple layers of meaning.
Wiley studied at the San Francisco Art Institute from 1956 to 1962, where he first encountered the broad array of art, music, film, books and Asian philosophies that inform his work. Wiley abandoned the formalism that dominated the art world at the time and introduced language, narrative and figurative imagery into his work. He was exposed to assemblage artists who blurred the boundaries between high art and popular culture.
Bruce Nauman, a student of Wileys at the University of California at Davis in the late 1960s, became a close friend and collaborator. Both admired Marcel Duchamps work and shared an interest in the process of making art and in incorporating words into their work. Around this time, Wiley began to introduce a regular cast of alter egos into his performance pieces and paintings, including Mr. Unatural who was a response to cartoonist R. Crumbs Mr. Natural. Wiley uses Mr. Unatural, a tall, lanky figure who wears a long fake nose and a dunce cap, to both express and disguise his own awkwardness.
From the 1990s to the present, Wiley has found inspiration in medieval art, such as alchemical texts with woodblock images, and 16th-century painters Hieronymous Bosch and Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The centrality of symbols and narratives in their work attracts Wiley, as well as their engagement with the contemporary events of their own time. Wiley in turn addresses topical issues, including the effects of the Chernobyl nuclear accident, the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and the Abu Ghraib scandal.
Wileys art has been described as eccentric, hermetic, idiosyncratic, irreverent, enigmatic, paradoxical, wacky, whimsical, childlike, cryptic, burlesque, ironic, folksy bewilderingand all these terms fit, said Moser. But he is not purposefully obscure. Wiley seeks to engage us in exploring pressing concerns, leaving us to make our own connections and draw our own conclusions.