A major international exhibition opening this fall at the Cleveland Museum of Art
explores a watershed moment of transformation in Gauguins career that introduces the themes, motifs and the style that would emerge as hallmarks of his career. Featuring more than 75 paintings, sculptures, and works on paper by Paul Gauguin and his contemporaries, Paul Gauguin: Paris, 1889, is the first exhibition to focus on 1889 as a critical juncture in Gauguins artistic development. Paul Gauguin: Paris, 1889 is on view at The Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) from October 4, 2009 through January 18, 2010; it will then travel to the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.
Predicated on new research by Clevelands associate curator of drawings, Heather Lemonedes, in collaboration with Agnieszka Juszczak, a guest curator at the Van Gogh Museum, and Belinda Thomson, Honorary Fellow, University of Edinburgh, Paul Gauguin: Paris, 1889 reveals a more complete picture of how well-formed Gauguins artistic vocabulary was by 1889. That year Gauguin staged an independent exhibition during the Exposition Universelle in Paris that showcased his emerging post-Impressionist style.
Excluded from the exhibition of academic paintings at the Grand Palais, Gauguin presented his work and works by his contemporaries in Monsieur Volpinis Café des Arts, located on the grounds of the Exposition Universelle. The exhibition in Café Volpini, LExposition de peintures du groupe impressionniste et synthétiste is recognized as the first Symbolist exhibition in Paris. Paul Gauguin: Paris, 1889 recreates the 1889 avant-garde exhibition at Volpinis café, showing paintings Gauguin exhibited as well as works exhibited by Louis Anquetin, Émile Bernard, Charles Laval and Émile Schuffenecker. This exhibition will be the first reinstallation of works from the Volpini exhibition, and will include many works that have not hung side-by-side since 1889.
Also on view at the Café des Arts was Gauguins suite of 11 zincographs, printed on oversized sheets of canary yellow paper, which chronicled the artists early career and travels to exotic Martinique, rural Celtic Brittany, and Provençal Arles. The Cleveland Museum of Art owns a complete set of the prints which will be on view in a gallery that recreates the Café Volpini exhibition. Complete sets of Gauguins zincographs in pristine condition are rare; it is thought that the artist only printed an edition of about 30. The prints provide a visual resume of Gauguins early work and prelude themes explored in his future works, including bathers, laundresses, and figures in exotic landscapes while also foreshadowing bold innovations that were to become typical of his mature, Tahitian style. The exhibition will focus on artistic process and the way that Gauguin used and reused motifs over time and across media, shedding new light on this previously underappreciated suite of prints.
Gauguins art works are perennially fascinating, said Timothy Rub, Director of the Cleveland Museum of Art. That such a robust exhibition is built around one of our most significant holdings of works on paper and one of our most iconic modern paintingsGauguins Volpini Suite and In the Wavesis particularly exciting.
For this exhibition, the Cleveland Museum of Art has also reunited the only hand-colored set of the Volpini Suite, colored by Gauguin and disseminated among American and European museums and private collections. These prints will be juxtaposed with other works by Gauguin that echo the prints themes. Gauguins multimedia interpretations of similar motifsthrough ceramics, woodblocks, paintings and drawingswill offer insight into his imagination and artistic process. The synergies between Gauguins 1888-89 paintings and prints of bathers and his later Tahitian woodcuts from Noa Noa emphasize that the foundation for Gauguins South Seas works was established during his time in Brittany. One print from the CMAs collection particularly emphasizes this continuity: one side features the Volpini Suite zincograph of laundresses crouching beside a river, while five years later Gauguin printed an impression of one of his Noa Noa woodcuts the sheets verso. The Volpini Suite had, both literally and figuratively, stayed with the artist, a rich source of artistic innovation to be mined in the years to follow.
This exhibition unites pairs of work that are rarely seen together, and that in concert create a dialogue that enriches our understanding of Gauguins imagination and creative process, said Heather Lemonedes, associate curator of drawings at the Cleveland Museum of Art, and co-curator of the exhibition. Together, the exhibitions rare pairings illuminate both Gauguins growth and foundation: for instance, prints and paintings of bathers will be on view alongside Gauguins La Baignade, a drawing only recently discovered in a Polish private collection. Other rare pairings include the hand-colored zincograph of the Volpini laundresses alongside the painting The Laundresses from the Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao.
Exhibition highlights include:
The Volpini Suite, by Paul Gauguin (1889), eleven zincographs, The Cleveland Museum of Art.
Young Wrestlers, by Paul Gauguin (1888), oil on canvas, Private Collection.
Breton Girls Dancing,Pont-Aven by Paul Gauguin (1888), oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
In the Waves, by Paul Gauguin (1889), oil on canvas, The Cleveland Museum of Art. This work was originally exhibited as part of the Volpini Exhibition in 1889.
The Laundresses, by Paul Gauguin (1888), oil on canvas, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao.
The Arlèsiennes (Mistral) (1888), oil on canvas, The Art Institute of Chicago
Be Mysterious (1890), polychrome woodcarving, Musée dOrsay, Paris
Young Christian Girl (1894), oil on canvas, The Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute