The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Wednesday, August 5, 2015


MoMA Explores Relationship Between Built Environment and Surrounding Landscape
Bernard Tschumi (French and Swiss, born Switzerland, 1944) Parc de la Villette, Paris, France Follies and Galleries Isometrics (1986) Gouache and color ink on gelatin silver photograph. 34 x 50" (86.3 x 127 cm) The Museum of Modern Art. Purchase, 1996 © 2009 Bernard Tschumi.
NEW YORK, NY.- The exhibition In Situ: Architecture and Landscape draws from the rich collection of The Museum of Modern Art to examine the diverse attitudes towards landscape over the last 100 years. Featuring approximately 60 drawings, models, and videos, projects include single houses that frame the landscape, designs for buildings based on the surrounding landscape, urban gardens that compose “nature” within the city, and parks that transform former industrial areas into new attractions. The exhibition closes with three cemeteries whose designs demonstrate that our relationship to landscape often transcends our quotidian needs. The exhibition is on view in The Philip Johnson Architecture and Design Galleries, third floor, from April 8 to September 14, 2009. It is organized by Andres Lepik, Curator, and Margot Weller, Curatorial Assistant, Department of Architecture and Design, The Museum of Modern Art.

In recent decades landscape has taken on an expanded definition in architecture. In the first half of the twentieth century, the architectural avant-garde celebrated autonomy from nature, and architects devised utopian schemes for creating urban realms ex novo. More recently, however, the challenges of a threatened environment and rapidly expanding cities have fostered a revised understanding of landscape. Harmony between the spatial, social, and environmental aspects of human life has become a priority in political thought, and this has had profound reverberations in both architecture and landscape design. Landscape—no longer understood merely as nature untouched—now encompasses complex interventions by architects and landscape architects in urban and rural surroundings.

Frank Lloyd Wright’s famous Fallingwater, Edgar J Kaufmann House (1934-1937) in which architecture becomes part of a dramatic setting in the nature, and Mies van der Rohe’s Wolf House (1925-27), built atop a prominent ridge of Gubin overlooking the Neisse River Valley, are among the earliest examples in the exhibition. Other examples that demonstrate a similar profiting relationship between architecture and landscape are Edward Larrabee Barnes’ Haystack Mountain School of Crafts (1958-61), Emilio Ambasz’s Casa de Retiro Espiritual in Spain (1976-1979), and Diller + Scofidio’s Slow House project (1988-90). Hans Hollein’s Vulcania (1994-2001), Tadao Ando’s Chikatsu-Asuka Historical Museum in Osaka (1989-1994) or Toyo Ito’s Relaxation Park in Torrevieja, Spain (2001-2006) all seem to merge with their surroundings. Roberto Burle Marx’s lively landscape design for Saenz Pena Square (1948) and Duque de Caxias Square (1948) in Rio des Janeiro bring nature back into the densely populated city. These examples show his painterly style, mixing biomorphic abstraction with tropical planting into a new geometric language for urban gardens.

A contemporary approach for urban parks is the Southeast Coastal Park in Barcelona (2000-2004) by Foreign Office Architects. Inspired by seaside dunes, the parks gentle peaks swell to accommodate two open air-auditoriums. One of the famous competitions for the transformation of former industrial areas into “an urban parc for the twenty-first century” with new attractions is the Parc de la Vilette of 1982-83. Bernard Tschumi and Zaha Hadid had both developed highly complex concepts to create a new space for recreation, sports, and culture in which nature is included as one layer among many others. Cemeteries have also been a traditional exercise to combine architecture and landscape. This is represented in examples from Erik Gunnar Asplund’s Woodland Crematorium (1935-1940), Aldo Rossi’s San Cataldo Cemetery (1971-1984), and Enric Miralles and Carme Pinos’s Igualada Cemetery (1985-1996).





Today's News

April 12, 2009

MoMA Explores Relationship Between Built Environment and Surrounding Landscape

Como Shows Exhibition by Masters of Russian Avant-garde: Chagall, Kandinsky and Malevich

Monumental Roy Lichtenstein Sculpture Acquired by the Smithsonian American Art Museum

Matisse, Giacometti, and Miro to Highlight Christie's Spring Evening Sale of Impressionist and Modern Art

American Masters Exhibition Returns to the Salmagundi Club

Jimson Weed Returns from the White House and Georgia O'Keeffe: Beyond Our Shores

300 Portraits of Fourth-century Christian Saint Fabiola to be Shown at NPG in UK

Montclair Art Museum Announces Exhibition to Explore Influence of Cézanne on American Art

Snite Museum of Art Opens Italian Drawings Seminar Exhibition

Collectors and Decorators to Attend Antibes Antiquity Dealers Exhibition

First Museum Survey of the Artistic Work by Kalup Linzy on View at Studio Museum in Harlem

Seattle Art Museum Honors Titus Kaphar, Inaugural Fellowship Recipient, with a Solo Exhibition

Chazen Museum of Art Announces Exhibition of Kawase Hasui Color Woodcuts

London Auction to Offer Photographs from the Realms of Cutting-edge Contemporary Art and Fashion

Fleisher Art Memorial Celebrates 20th Anniversary Founder's Award Gala By Honoring Three Philadelphia-Based Artists

Artwithoutwalls - A New Arts Organization Launches

Exhibition Explores Glamour and Influence of Paris Fashion in the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries

Peabody Essex Museum Launches Photography Program with Surfland: Photographs by Joni Sternbach

Milwaukee Art Museum Announces Art in Bloom Award Winners

New York State Museum Celebrates Earth Day on April 25

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- A second life for the 'blue gold' that once brought riches to France's southwest

2.- Britain's WWII tunnels rediscovered after six decades buried as a forgotten time capsule

3.- Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei arrives in Germany, says Britain restricted his visa

4.- 'Feeding the Empire: Tales of food from Rome and Pompei' on view at Ara Pacis Museum

5.- Exhibition celebrates the 150th anniversary of the publication of Alice in Wonderland

6.- British actress and singer Jane Birkin asks Hermes to take name off crocodile handbag

7.- Smithsonian Institution reveals identities of four lost leaders of Jamestown

8.- Rare medieval panel purchased by the National Gallery thanks to Ronald S Lauder

9.- Teen finds 560,000 year-old tooth in one of the world's most important prehistoric sites

10.- Exhibition presents all 17 works by Hopper in the Carnegie Museum of Art's collection

Related Stories



Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York

Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures

Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year

China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction

Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere

Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport

Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff

Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold

Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona Award

The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez
Social Network Manager and Translator: Norma Cristina Pérez Ayala Cano
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site