The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Sunday, January 20, 2019

"Picturing Progress: Hungarian Women Photographers 1900-1945" At National Museum for Women in the Arts

WASHINGTON, DC.- Courage, perseverance, diligence, business sense and networking abilities—these were among the necessary qualifications for a woman in turn of the 20th century Hungary who pursued a career in photography. Featuring 80 works, many of which have never been on public view in the United States, Picturing Progress: Hungarian Women Photographers 1900–1945, explores the role women played in the development of photography as an art form and as a documentary medium during a time of tremendous social and political upheaval.

The exhibition will be on view March 20 through July 5, 2009, and is part of Extremely Hungary, a yearlong festival of Hungarian visual, performing and literary arts, presenting more than 100 programs at cultural institutions in New York and D.C. Curated by Csilla Csorba, Director of the Petofi Museum of Literature, Budapest, in coordination with the Hungarian Cultural Center, New York, Picturing Progress focuses on work created between 1900 and 1945, a transitional period that witnessed unprecedented growth in educational and career opportunities for women.

By the first decade of the 20th century the increasingly industrialist economy and mass migration of peasants to the cities radically altered the workforce as well as the role of women within the family. New possibilities opened up for women living in cities as the need for their contribution to the service sector grew. In the absence of artistic training and educational possibilities in Hungary, young women went abroad to be trained in Vienna, Dresden, Hamburg, Berlin and Paris. Many studied in Bauhaus schools or joined the studios of prominent male photographers. Some women were able to make their livings as photographers and receive professional recognition. While trying to learn photographic techniques, women typically honed their skills by handling clients, assuming touch-up work, and performing other minor jobs at a male colleague’s studio. With little start-up capital, women rented and ran studios, ideally situated in highly visible locations. Along with performing routine jobs (taking portraits and photos of weddings and christenings), studios began to specialize and develop individual styles. The absence of men in the Hungarian workforce between the two world wars provided women even greater opportunities in a variety of professions, including photography. Women joined the undercurrent of Hungarian photo art as their studios evolved into hotbeds of intellectual and artistic ideas, serving as meeting places as well as venues for exhibiting “modern” art.

During the late 1920s many Hungarian women photographers recorded the aftermath of the war and the ensuing economic crisis. Driven by their deep concern for social justice, they utilized the camera lens’ documentary capabilities to advocate for human progress. Artists such as Kata Kálmán (1909–1978), Judit Kárász (1912–1977), and Kata Sugár (1910–1943) created enduring bodies of social photography, hoping to induce sympathy from the public and form solidarity to help the downtrodden. Nora Dumas (1890–1979), who rose to prominence in France, photographed the austere life of French peasants, who, despite economic hardship, embodied the joy of life.

While portraiture provided the primary income for running a studio, and socially conscious documentary photography made the pages of international journals, still life, landscapes, and movement studies also found their way into the oeuvres of women photographers. Softening lenses and rough-textured paper were used to create blurred, velvety contours for an impressionistic image. Olga Máté (1879–1965) was one of few women who achieved success in commercial photography. Her Still Life with Eggs and Mushrooms, 1920, despite its mundane subject matter, communicates the beauty of simple forms. The expressive power of the human body became a popular subject as modern dance grew into an international phenomenon. Marian Reismann (1911–1991) captured the spirit of female creativity and perfection of the female form in her photograph of Hungarian dancer Lilla Bauer.

Some of the artists featured in Picturing Progress continued their work abroad and many received international acclaim: Ergy Landau (1896–1967) and Rogi André (1905–1970) lived and worked in Paris; Nora Dumas, Jutka Miklós (1884–1976)), Rosie Ney (1897–1972), Ilka Révai (1873–1945) in France; and Éva Besnyo (1910–2003) in Germany and later the Netherlands. These women contributed to the acceptance of photography as an art form in Hungary. Picturing Progress gives voice to their legitimate place in history.

Today's News

March 20, 2009

The Master of Flemalle and Rogier Van der Weyden Opens at Kulturforum Potsdamer Platz

Centre Pompidou Takes a Look at Alexander Calder's Paris Year in Exhibition

Cherie Blair Sketch By Euan Uglow at Browse & Darby Gallery

Auction of Artwork in New York City to Benefit Ukrainian Museum

Pipilotti Rist Announced Winner of the Second Joan Miró Prize

Sotheby's Hong Kong to Hold Chinese Ceramics and Works of Art Spring Sale in April

Mark Manders - The Absence of Mark Manders Opens at Kunsthaus Zurich

Cooper-Hewitt Presents Shahzia Sikander Selects: Works from the Permanent Collection

Maison Martin Margiela 20: The Exhibition Opens at Haus der Kunst

Alex Knell Has Been Announced Winner of Online Art Competition

Hauser & Wirth London Presents Andreas Hofer Air Tsu Dni Oui Sélavy

"Picturing Progress: Hungarian Women Photographers 1900-1945" At National Museum for Women in the Arts

Tyree Guyton's An American Show to be Exhibited at McColl Center for Visual Art

The Open Tent Presents Jewish Graphic Novelist JT Waldman at ArtCenter

The Linda Pace Foundation Announces Two Major Initiatives

Toby Devan Lewis To Receive 2009 Distinguished Service to the Visual Arts Award

Noted Photographer Herman Leonard to Address OHIO Graduates

Michener Art Museum Collects Clothing Donations For "Frau Fiber" Summer Sculpture Exhibit

Heeding Agitated Hindus, Helsinki Museum Removes Word "Hinduism" from Nude Man Photo

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Rare 1943 Lincoln Cent sells for $204,000 at Heritage Auctions

2.- Exhibition is the first to shed light on the phenomenon of the princely painter

3.- Nathaniel Silver named new Curator of the Collection at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum

4.- Rijksmuseum van Oudheden explores the mystical world of the ancient Egyptian gods

5.- Media error draws misleading reports on sale of 1943 Bronze Lincoln Cent

6.- Four men deny giant gold coin heist from Berlin's Bode Museum

7.- Tanya Bonakdar Gallery presents an immersive installation by Charles Long

8.- Egypt says stolen pharaonic tablet repatriated from United Kingdom

9.- Israeli museum under fire over 'McJesus' exhibit

10.- Claremont Rug Company founder Jan David Winitz reveals major shifts in high-end antique Oriental rug market

Related Stories

Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York

Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures

Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year

China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction

Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere

Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport

Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff

Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold

Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona Award

The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful