PARIS.- The Musée d'Orsay opened two new Correspondences exhibitions. The first is Valérie Belin / Edouard Manet and the second Ellsworth Kelly / Paul Cézanne.
Valérie Belins justification for the connections between her work strictly photographic and that of the painter Edouard Manet, relates to both iconography and style. More precisely she has chosen Vase de pivoines sur piédouche [Vase of Peonies on a Pedestal], for which she has taken colour photographs of cleverly composed baskets of fruit. The artist thus creates an initial link with Manets work through her fondness for presenting still life without any narrative context, opening up the possibilities of the medium, whether painting or photography.
Valérie Belins work is like Manets pieces of pure painting where he renders, intensely and concisely, the essence of modest motifs like a basket of strawberries, a lemon, or an asparagus. This similarity can be seen in the photographers technique of closing right in on her subject and using a close up frontal view, tight framing, an absence of décor and context, direct light and a print with strong contrast, to produce a distinct and accentuated image that is both spectacular and stark. This minimalism is accompanied in the work shown here by a composition centred on one unifying element whether a basket or a vase giving the whole image the density and appearance of a single large object.
Ellsworth Kelly, born in 1923 in Newburgh (New York), said: When I was a young man, during my first visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, I discovered a painting very similar to The Gulf of Marseille seen from L'Estaque by Cézanne. The powerful triangular form intrigued me. After that, each time I went to the Met., I would go and look at this painting. I was not even painting then but I was already attracted by its form and colour.
Kelly observes nature, reorganises the world and flattens shapes until they become abstract.
In 1876, while painting in the village of LEstaque, Cézanne wrote: the area where I am now [
] is like a playing card. Red roofs against the blue sea [
]. The sun is so terrifying that it seems as though the objects are silhouetted, not only in black and white, but also in blue, red, brown and violet. I may be mistaken, but it seems to me the very opposite of modelling."