The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 Thursday, April 9, 2020


New technique reveals lost splendours of Herculaneum art
Visitors walk through the archaeological site of Herculaneum in Ercolano, near Naples, on October 23, 2019. ANDREAS SOLARO / AFP.

by Charles Onians


ERCOLANO (AFP).- One of the best preserved Roman houses at Herculaneum reopened on Wednesday after more than 30 years, its exquisite paintings brought back to life thanks to a revolutionary new technique.

The three-storey House of the Bicentenary is perhaps the most beautiful noble house so far excavated from under the pyroclastic flow that entombed Herculaneum in the devastating 79 AD eruption of Mount Vesuvius that also destroyed nearby Pompeii.

Although much smaller than its better known neighbour outside the southern Italian city Naples, Herculaneum was a wealthier town with more exquisite architecture, much of which is still to be uncovered.

Herculaneum was buried under at least 15 metres (almost 50 foot) of rock, much more than the around four metres of ash at Pompeii, which for years made Herculaneum less attractive to looters and archaeologists alike.

The Bicentenary house, which also features stunning mosaics, gets its name from the fact that it was re-discovered in 1938, exactly 200 years after official excavations began at the site under the Bourbon monarchy.

The 600-square-metre (6,400-square-feet) building was closed to the public in 1983 as it began to fall apart, including its priceless wall paintings in the Tablinum, the room traditionally used by the father of the house for business and to receive clients.

Conservationists focused on two large mythological scenes, one of Venus and Mars and one of Daedalus and Pasiphae, and paintings of a variety of other Dionysian themes common to the homes of Herculaneum's wealthy inhabitants.

'Most beautiful'
"The reason we chose this room to study and conserve is because the wall paintings here are some of the most beautiful at the site, but also some of the most severely deteriorated," said Leslie Rainer, wall painting conservator from the Getty Conservation Institute.

Black and white photos of the paintings from 1938 show remarkably well-preserved images, but they had almost disappeared before the latest restoration work began.

"The wall paintings are so significant that it was a terrible shame to see them so deteriorated and not to have solutions for how to conserve them properly," Rainer told AFP.

The house became a laboratory for finding "new innovative treatment methods and materials that can be used here but also applied around the site and in the region for wall paintings that have similar conservation issues," said Rainer.

'Flaking and powdering'
Not only was the room left exposed to the elements after it was excavated, but wax was applied to the paintings in a well-meaning but ultimately misguided attempt to preserve them.

"The combination of the dramatic environmental fluctuations with the wax covering the wall paintings led them to be pulled up and so they were flaking and powdering, so we had to find solutions."

After experimenting with different methods to try to preserve the paint and also remove the wax, a non-organic rigid gel solution was found and "we were able to actually remove that wax layer and have a stable paint layer underneath," Rainer said.

The wax method was used widely throughout the region and threatens the survival of many of the artworks it was meant to protect, but the experts working on the Bicentenary House hope this technique can be used to save them once its details are published.

"We hope that professionals can use this method for wall paintings that show similar issues around the whole region," said Rainer, as conservationists apply vivid colours to the newly revealed surfaces around her.


© Agence France-Presse






Today's News

October 26, 2019

Leonardo, Hand and Mind, shines at the Louvre

Out of obscurity: art masterpieces rediscovered

Rare Renaissance masterpiece found in French kitchen goes on sale

New technique reveals lost splendours of Herculaneum art

Truly bright and memorable: Jan de Beer's Renaissance altarpieces on view at The Barber Institute

Bugging out: UK museum names blind beetle after Greta Thunberg

Ingo Maurer, designer known as a poet of light, dies at 87

Major British Library exhibition on Buddhism spans 20 countries over 2,000 years and more than 120 items

The Morgan provides a rare chance to see John Singer Sargent's overlooked charcoal portraits

Restored to former glory, Russia tsars' home to reopen in summer

New York's race to build monuments runs into friction on the ground

France reopens disputed ancient tomb in Jerusalem

Exhibition presents the largest collection of Lina Bo Bardi furniture ever gathered in one place

Exhibition traces Mark Twain's 1867 voyage to the Mediterranean

The Clay Art Center names Emily Peck as new Executive Director

"Atlas" brings to life a parallel world that is deceptively similar to our own

Haus der Kunst presents a new commission by Theaster Gates

Kerlin Gallery opens an exhibition of new paintings and drawings by Eoin Mc Hugh

Explore four millennia of Spanish and Latin American art at the Cincinnati Art Museum

Lady Lever Art Gallery features 35 posthumous prints of the famous cut-outs made by Henri Matisse

Vietnam artist known for land rights, death row work briefly detained

30 years on, Berlin Wall comes back to life with VR

Record breaking year for museums and galleries in England

National Portrait Gallery announces winners of the 2019 Outwin Boochever Portrait Competition

6 Insider's Wildlife Photography Tips




Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 



Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

buy Tramadol online

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org avemariasound.org juncodelavega.com facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful