BRONX, NY.- The New York Botanical Garden
is presenting Brazilian Modern: The Living Art of Roberto Burle Marx, celebrating influential Brazilian modernist artist, landscape architect, and plant explorer and conservationist Roberto Burle Marx, from June 8 through September 29, 2019. NYBGs largest botanical exhibition ever, it is also the first to combine a horticultural tribute to Burle Marxs design work, featuring lush gardens, with a curated gallery of his vibrant paintings, drawings, and textiles, revealing deep connections between his artistic practice and his commitment to environmental conservation. Engaging public programming showcases the sights and sounds of Brazil and its lively contributions to music and dance evoking Rio de Janeiro, the Cidade Maravilhosa (Wonderful City) that Roberto Burle Marx called home and inspired his life and work.
Burle Marx (190994) was a principal figure in the modernist art and garden movement in Latin America during the second half of the 20th century. His powerful modernist vision produced thousands of gardens and landscapes, including the famous curving mosaic walkways at Copacabana Beach in Rio.
Visitors to NYBG will learn how his garden designs were fully integrated with his artistic work, his passion for botany and plant exploration, and his longtime advocacy for plant conservation. The exhibition highlights his modern landscape designs, executed in vivacious color and fluid geometric forms; his dynamic and influential works of art; and his celebrated contributions to botanical exploration and plant conservation in his native Brazil.
Installations at the Enid A. Haupt Conservatory Inspired by Roberto Burle Marxs Landscape Designs and Plant Explorations
Burle Marxs boldly creative yet precise landscape designs come to life through vast and immersive gardens, highlighting tropical plants including Brazilian natives, as well as a sculptural water feature, a living wall, and other design elements. Contemporary landscape architect Raymond Jungles, FASLA, who was a protégé of Burle Marx, has designed a Modernist Garden on a portion of NYBGs Conservatory Lawn, an Explorers Garden in a Seasonal Exhibition Gallery of the Conservatory, and a Water Garden in the Conservatorys Hardy Courtyard.
In the Modernist Garden, strikingly patterned paths lead through extensive curvilinear planting beds to an open plaza with a large pool framed by a wall carved in relief, its creation influenced by a Burle Marx installation in the Banco Safra headquarters in São Paulo. Other inspirations include Burle Marxs work in private landscapes, such as the garden of the residence of Edmundo Cavanellas in Petrópolis; constructed landscapes, such as the roof garden at the Ministry of Education and Public Health and Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro; and large parks, such as the Parque del Este in Caracas, Venezuela. The plant palette includes bromeliads, elephants-ears, colorful annuals, and other plants characteristic of Burle Marxs pioneering work. Mature palm specimens, primarily Brazilian and Caribbean natives, dotted throughout the site provide a sense of scale and enhance the tropical nature of the garden.
The Explorers Garden highlights many of the tropical rain forest plants, including those that were among Burle Marxs favorites and were often incorporated into the landscapes he designed. The more intimate indoor installation is inspired by Burle Marxs efforts to introduce Brazilians to their countrys remarkable biodiversity through his landscape designs. The bold forms of philodendrons, elephantsears, bromeliads, and other plants favored by Burle Marx are on display.
The Water Garden explores Burle Marxs plantsmanship, celebrating his use of plants from a variety of tropical regions in his designs in Brazil and beyond. Palms create scale, bromeliads provide texture, and a wall of staghorn ferns lends a sense of botanical whimsy. A pool contains hardy water lilies from NYBGs collections, augmented with tropical water lilies and other aquatic plants favored by Burle Marx, including a hybrid of the enormous, much-celebrated Victoria amazonica, which produces leaves that can grow to nine feet in diameter.
Burle Marxs Art and Garden Lifestyle Philosophy Examined in the Library Building
An exhibition of Roberto Burle Marxs paintings, drawings, and textiles, inspired by the culture and nature of Brazil, from the final 30 years of his career and life (196494) in the Art Gallery of the LuEsther T. Mertz Library allows visitors to better understand the interconnected threads of Burle Marxs career and artistic practice. The art exhibition is curated by Edward J. Sullivan, Ph.D., the Helen Gould Shepard Professor of the History of Art and Deputy Director, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University.
The Art Gallery features a grouping of Burle Marxs abstract, vibrantly colored paintings, drawings, and textiles, which engaged with complex and diverse abstract forms. The tapestry and paintings on fabric demonstrate the range of media the artist employed, and a series of lithographs depicting Brazilian ecosystems dating to 1991 offer a rare example of figurative art from this late period. Collectively these works showcase Burle Marxs ongoing exploration of abstract geometric and biomorphic forms as well as his engagement with Brazilian and tropical plants. The Library Buildings Britton Rotunda brings to life the Sítio Roberto Burle Marx, the estate the artist purchased in 1949 and where he lived and worked for decades. The site houses a nursery, multiple gardens, greenhouses, and a studio, as well as Burle Marxs home, where he lived, worked, and famously entertained friends and colleagues, many of whom were leading botanists, artists, and cultural figures in Brazil and worldwide. Large-scale wall graphics re-create the hand-painted tile walls of the Sítios loggia studio. Interpretive panels introduce the Sítio as the site of Burle Marxs creativity, center of his plant studies, and gathering place for prominent figures in Burle Marxs circle, including architects Lúcio Costa, Rino Levi, and Oscar Niemeyer; botanist Henrique Lahmeyer de Mello Barreto; botanical artist Margaret Mee; and landscape architects Conrad Hamerman, Raymond Jungles, and Haruyoshi Ono.
In the Britton Science Gallery, an exhibit focusing on botany and conservation features plants of three key biomes of Brazil: the dry region surrounding Brasília known as the Cerrado, the worlds most biologically rich savanna, which is home to more than 10,000 species of plants; the geographically isolated Atlantic Coastal Forest, which has one of the highest percentages of species of plants found nowhere else; and the Amazon, Earths largest tropical rain forest, which is home to more than 30 million people, including 350 indigenous and ethnic groups. Displays explore plants of particular ethnobotanical and economic importance in Brazil, Burle Marxs own botanical study of Brazilian plants, and the work of NYBGs scientists in the region.
A full-color illustrated catalogue, published in association with the exhibition, features essays by Dr. Sullivan and other scholars and includes an interview with Raymond Jungles.