LOS ANGELES, CA.- The Los Angeles County Museum of Art
presents the West Coast premiere of Charles White: A Retrospective, the first major exhibition of the artist Charles White (19181979) in over 30 years. Charles White created powerful interpretations from African American history and culture throughout his 40-year career. A gifted draftsman and printmaker as well as a talented mural and easel painter, White almost exclusively portrayed black subjects. A lifelong social activist, he championed racial pride and condemned the institutionalized racism faced by African Americans in all areas of life by using his art as a form of protest, affirmation, and celebration. Co-organized by the Art Institute of Chicago (AIC) and the Museum of Modern Art New York (MoMA), the exhibition showcases approximately 100 paintings, drawings, prints, and photographs that reflect Whites life as he moved from Chicago to New York to Los Angeles. Whites time in Los Angeles was an important phase of his career; he created some of his most famous works in the city.
The exhibition was previously presented at the Art Institute of Chicago (June 10 September 31, 2018) and the Museum of Modern Art, New York (October 7, 2018January 13, 2019). Charles White: A Retrospective is organized by Sarah Kelly Oehler, Field-McCormick Chair and Curator of American Art, The Art Institute of Chicago, and Esther Adler, Associate Curator, Department of Drawings and Prints, The Museum of Modern Art. The presentation at LACMA is curated by Ilene Susan Fort, Curator Emerita of American Art.
The Los Angeles presentation will add to the touring display approximately 13 works from LACMAs permanent collection, further showcasing the range of media White worked in. Also unique to the LACMA presentation are audio recordings of Charles White who occasionally gave lectures at LACMA. During the LACMA presentation, two concurrent and complementary exhibitions will be on view in Los Angeles, including Life Model: Charles White and His Students (February 16September 15, 2019) on view at LACMAs satellite gallery at Charles White Elementary School, formerly Otis Art Institute, where the artist taught for many years; and Plumb Line: Charles White and the Contemporary (March 6August 25, 2019) will be presented at the California African American Museum (CAAM), whose mission to showcase African American history, art, and culture was shared by White throughout his career.
Charles White is one of the most significant artists of mid-century America. Driven by an enduring hope that change is possible, White consistently strove to unite ideas and aesthetics, creating a powerful body of work whose message remains relevant today, said Michael Govan, LACMA CEO and Wallis Annenberg Director. Los Angeles was the third and last city in which the artist lived and worked. His extraordinary legacy of art, activism, and teaching are seen in his work and in the work of his students. We are privileged to share his life and legacy through this exhibition.
White studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and aligned himself with a network of local leftist artists who drew attention to inequities within American society in order to effect social change. In his early oil canvases illustrating contemporary life, created under the auspices of the Works Progress Administrations Federal Art Project, he developed an expressive, often distorted figurative style typical of many Chicago artists of the time. Inspired by Mexican muralists such as Diego Rivera, White believed that his art should reach the broadest audience possible, and to this end he created public murals and affordable prints and reproductions and joined community exhibitions. He often derived his subjects and titles from folk tales, the Bible, spirituals, and books. Between 1939 and 1943, White painted four monumental murals thematically drawn from African American history. He chose their subject matter to counter mainstream narratives that ignored or obscured black achievements. He recognized that historical mistreatment of African Americans contributed to the injustices facing black people of his own day.
New York (19421956)
In 1942, with his first wife, artist Elizabeth Catlett, White relocated to New York City, where he continued making art while teaching and exhibiting widely. In response to World War II, he created images of African Americans in the military and on the home front, as he believed that the United States could defeat fascism only with a united front that included all Americans. Serving in a segregated division of the army, White contracted tuberculosis, which permanently damaged his health. In 1946 White accompanied Catlett to Mexico, where he worked at the famed printmaking collective, Taller de Gráfica Popular (the Popular Graphics Workshop or Peoples Graphic Art Workshop). The experience invigorated his printmaking practice and encouraged his activism to address current issues. Back home, the artist became closely involved with the interracial Committee for the Negro in the Arts, which was founded in 1947 with support from singers Harry Belafonte and Paul Robeson and poet Langston Hughes, and advocated for the integration of African Americans into all areas of American life.
Whites subject matter may appear apolitical, but his new realism was a highly political choice. In 1951, as hearings of the House Un-American Activities Committee threatened to blacklist many leftist artists, White and his second wife, Frances Barrett White, traveled to the Soviet Union. There he encountered Socialist Realism, the propagandistic artistic style that featured monumental figures and optimistic views of workers lives. He applied it to themes of labor, agriculture, and music in his own works, with a renewed emphasis on the dignity and beauty of African Americans.
Los Angeles (19561979)
White continued his activism following his move to Southern California for health reasons in 1956. There his network expanded to include media personalities such as actor Sidney Poitier and screenwriter Dalton Trumbo, and his art appeared in Hollywood projects. From the 1960s on, White worked primarily as a draftsman and printmaker, taking advantage of the regions growth as a center of lithography. He often focused on single figures, and they became larger in scale and more monumental in effect. Relishing the directness of lithography, his handling became increasingly complex and abstract. No longer content to model in a purely naturalistic manner, White increased the vigor of his line while he continued to tackle thematic questions of history, equality, and figuration. This exploration of a new symbolic language often included the addition of color.
Whites work intersected with the growing Black Arts Movement, which emerged from the ideals and social concerns of Black Power Movement during the mid-1960s and early 1970s. Although he did not display the overtly revolutionary symbols often deployed by the movement, his images did become stronger due to his frustration over the lack of progress in civil rights. In 1965 he joined the faculty of the Otis Art Institute, where he trained a generation of artists, many of whom would follow his lead and develop their own socially committed practices. By the time of his death in 1979, White was not only active in the cultural politics of Los Angeles and a cult hero of California art circles, but he had also become a significant international figure. His messages still resonate today.